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508 Possible Causes for Absent Deep Tendon Reflex, Scoliosis

  • Friedreich Ataxia

    Patients usually have early onset ataxia, areflexia, Babinski sign, scoliosis and pes cavus, but at least 25 % of cases have atypical phenotypes.[] She had ataxia of gait, mild to severe limb ataxia, and reduced or absent deep tendon reflexes, but no evidence of spasticity on examination.[] On physical exam, the pediatrician notices nystagmus, absent deep tendon reflexes, significant loss of vibratory and proprioceptive sensation in his extremities, pes cavus[]

  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

    deep tendon reflexes and fasciculations • CPK levels are normal • pseudohypertrophy is absent Emery-Dreifuss dystrophy • similar clinical picture • no calf pseudohypertrophy[] One of them showed severe scoliosis. After hospitalization chest CT scan revealed extensive pulmonary bilateral segmental atelectasis.[] Ages at loss of ambulation or scoliosis diagnosis did not differ statistically among treatment groups.[]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    He has tongue fasciculations and absent deep tendon reflexes. Serum creatine phosphokinase and aldolase levels are normal.[] This case series highlights important surgical strategies that can be utilized to treat scoliosis in patients with SMA.[] Retrospective review of clinical, radiographic, and pulmonary function data from 16 children with SMA and surgically treated scoliosis between 1985 and 2013.[]

  • Abetalipoproteinemia

    However, deep-tendon reflexes remained absent and plantar reflexes were still upgoing.[] Scoliosis (curvature of the spine). Progressive decreased vision. Retinitis Pigmentosa. Balance and coordination problems.[] […] smelling stools [3] Protruding abdomen Intellectual disability / developmental delay Developmental coordination disorder , evident by age ten Muscle weakness Slurred speech Scoliosis[]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 1

    Scoliosis occurs as a child with type 2 grows and gets bigger. There is no specific life span.[] Deep tendon reflexes are absent. Respiratory failure is common. Mild contractures (of the knees and, more rarely, of the elbows), and scoliosis may be present.[] As the disease progresses, autonomic dysfunction and tongue twitching develop, and deep tendon reflexes are absent.[]

  • Paraplegia

    .  decreased muscle tone, atrophied muscle, absent deep tendon reflexes, flexor or equivocal planters with or without fasciculations 8.[] Scoliosis (abnormal spinal curvature) and a highly-arched foot (pes cavus) sometimes occur. Many adults lose mobility and are confined to a wheelchair.[] Paraplegia can also be caused by non-traumatic factors such as spinal tumors, scoliosis, and spina bifida.[]

  • Poliomyelitis

    Deep tendon reflexes are also affected, and are typically absent or diminished; sensation (the ability to feel) in the paralyzed limbs, however, is not affected. [43] The[] Owing to unequal muscle tension joints can become distorted, scoliosis and other deformations.[] In older children, scoliosis develops gradually and typically involves the lumbar region.[]

  • Ataxia Telangiectasia

    The exam may show signs of the following: Tonsils, lymph nodes, and spleen below normal size Decreased to absent deep tendon reflexes Delayed or absent physical and sexual[] Scoliosis varies from mild to severe.[] CNS abnormalities include cerebellar ataxia, dysarthria, choreoathetosis, decreased or absent deep tendon reflexes, various oculomotor disturbances, and a mixed sensorimotor[]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type 2

    ., The prevalence and impact of scoliosis in Pompe disease: lessons learned from the Pompe Registry. Mol Genet Metab, 2011. 104(4): p. 574-82.[] […] trunk lean Relatively spared muscles Hip flexors Spinal extensors Skeletal Contractures Hip flexors Iliotibial bands Plantar flexors: Foot Posterior tibial Plantar fascia Scoliosis[] […] activity Juvenile onset ( LGMD 2V): Spine Axial Mutation: Common leaky IVS splice site on one allele Onset age: 12 to 21 years Spine Rigid spine: Childhood onst; Incomplete Scoliosis[]

  • Spinal Cord Lesion

    Rectal tone may be decreased, and deep tendon reflexes may be exuberant or absent. Imaging Traditionally, plain x-rays are taken of any possibly injured areas.[] scoliosis before bracing.[] Cobb JR (1948) Outline for the study of scoliosis.[]

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