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432 Possible Causes for Absent Deep Tendon Reflex, Seizure

  • Hyponatremia

    Post-transplant seizures are uncommon in young kidney transplant recipients but can be harbingers of devastating outcomes such as cerebral edema and death.[] PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) in new onset elderly poststroke seizure patients, especially with respect to hyponatremia.[] The patient developed acute symptomatic seizures and coma. Gradual normalization of the sodium level led to a recovery of consciousness.[]

  • Coma

    In pediatric pyrethroid poisoning, coma and seizures may represent the main life-threatening features.[] We report the case of a previously healthy 17-year-old white man who developed a prolonged seizure and a rapid decline in mental status leading to coma over a 3-day period[] Seizures: Persistent and uncontrolled seizures can result in a vegetative state of consciousness.[]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Report of a case of SESA syndrome: a rare CNS complication of chronic alcoholism, known since 1981 and characterized by epileptic seizures, multiple and reversible neurological[] Deep tendon reflexes were diminished, but not absent. There was no sensory disturbance except for muscle tenderness.[] The first had been admitted with confusion and weight loss, the second with hypotension and sepsis, and the third with confusion and hypoglycaemia-induced seizures.[]

  • Hyperkalemia

    Deep tendon reflexes may be depressed or absent, though cranial nerves, diaphragm function, and sensation are typically normal.[] […] often angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers Damage to muscle and other cells from certain street drugs, alcohol abuse, untreated seizures[] The symptoms of hypoglycemia can include irritability, impaired cognitive function, seizures, coma, ventricular arrhythmias, and even death [ 22 , 24 , 25 ].[]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    , generalized muscle weakness increase sodium intake, IV saline infusion (3-5 % saline if severe), monitor I&O and serum sodium level, possible seizure precautions caused[] . • Assess whether the patient has neurologic symptoms related to hyponatremia, such as nausea, vomiting, headaches, mental status changes, or seizures.[] Severe hypocalcemia may cause lethargy, confusion, laryngospasm, or seizures.[]

  • Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures

    Check deep-tendon reflexes. Assess gait, if possible. Reflexes may be depressed, absent, or hyperactive.[] seizures and the development of delirium tremens.[] Similar elevations of arterial and cerebrospinal fluid lactate were found in five patients during delirium tremens without antecedent withdrawal seizure.[]

  • General Anesthesia

    Seizure-like behavior is an uncommon yet worrisome phenomenon during anesthesia with propofol.[] seizures.[] The seizure was extinguished with a propofol bolus. This patient had no previous history of seizures, and no precipitating cause was identified.[]

  • West Syndrome

    Deep tendon reflexes were absent, and at 5 months of age, she developed West syndrome followed by refractory seizures.[] On the tenth day of treatment, he developed frequent partial seizures, characterized by being motionless during the seizure with eye deviation to the right.[] The generalized tonic seizures began with bi-frontal polyspikes on EEG. Our diagnosis was lissencephaly presenting with West syndrome and generalized tonic seizures.[]

  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

    deep tendon reflexes and fasciculations • CPK levels are normal • pseudohypertrophy is absent Emery-Dreifuss dystrophy • similar clinical picture • no calf pseudohypertrophy[] The proband had bilateral DRS with otherwise normal ocular motility; he also had developmental delay, mild mental retardation, and seizures.[] […] reported epilepsy cases as based on the questionnaire results including information provided on epilepsy treatment, EEG abnormalities, and a description of how a typical seizure[]

  • Encephalitis

    Eight patients had medically intractable seizures at last follow-up and were more likely than patients with seizure remission to have generalized tonic-clonic seizures and[] tendon reflexes Associated features: may be co-existent meningism (meningo-encephalitis) vesicles may be present or absent in herpes encephalitis DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA Encephalitis[] We present a patient with LGI1 encephalitis and "faciobrachial dystonic seizures-plus", which began as classic faciobrachial dystonic seizures and progressed to focal seizures[]

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