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31 Possible Causes for Accessory Muscle Breathing, Cough, Restrictive Respiratory Syndrome

  • Asthma

    Individuals often require accessory muscles to breathe, and breath sounds can be diminished.[] The four studies that performed spirometry reported impaired respiratory function linked to pesticide exposure, suggestive of either obstructive or restrictive syndrome according[] She denied any chest pain, cough, fever, orthopnea, or leg swelling. She was afebrile and normotensive, and her physical examination was unremarkable.[]

  • Atelectasis

    We report a case of a young woman with AOSD who developed unusual respiratory symptoms, with bilateral lower lobar atelectasis and restrictive syndrome and reviewed the literature[] Treatment includes maintaining coughing and deep breathing and treating the cause.[] ., acute respiratory distress syndrome, pleural effusion, or pneumothorax i.e., postoperative atelectasis general anesthesia and restricted breathing from pain can cause decreased[]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Increased work of breathing and using of accessory muscles may ultimately result in fatigue and respiratory failure.[] […] distress syndrome.[] We present a Case Report of a previously healthy 18-year-old woman who presented with dyspnea, cough, and pleuritic chest pain after e-cigarette use.[]

  • Goodpasture Syndrome

    From a functionally respiratory point of view, the restrictive syndrome with the reduction in the vital capac-ity, the total lung capacity and the residual volume, and the[] Pulmonary involvement includes dry cough with shortness of breath and coughing out blood.[] As the disease advances, the lung symptoms are: Dry cough Coughing up blood Difficulty breathing If the kidneys are affected, symptoms include: Burning sensation during urination[]

  • Pneumothorax

    In established adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a pneumothorax is often present without the lung completely collapsing as a result of the stiff, non-compliant nature[] We present a case of a woman aged 58 years who presented with progressive dyspnoea and cough.[] […] which air enters the pleural cavity, either from the respiratory passages or alveoli and through the visceral pleura for example by rupture of a bleb or a bullus after a cough[]

  • Acute Respiratory Infection

    CONCLUSIONS: Children with acute respiratory infection who present with an abnormal breathing pattern, the use of accessory muscles to breathe, dyspnoea and increased anterior-posterior[] Aspirin should not be used in patients who are 18 yr and have respiratory infections because Reye syndrome is a risk.[] As cough severity and financial concerns had the highest impact on QoL, effectively managing cough to reduce the clinical and financial burden on children and families is[]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    Look for the use of accessory muscles in breathing. If the patient can be supine, check for evidence of normal jugular vein protrusion.[] Among the aetiologies of respiratory insufficiency of “central” origin the obesity–hypoventilation syndrome (formerly “Pickwickian syndrome”) is a relatively frequent cause[] We report the case of a 40-year-old woman who died after 3 days of progressive dyspnea, cough, and pulmonary hypertension.[]

  • Pulmonary Disorder

    Signs of respiratory difficulty include tachypnea, use of accessory respiratory muscles (sternocleidomastoids, intercostals, scalene) to breathe, intercostal retractions,[] Infant respiratory distress syndrome due to a deficiency of surfactant in the lungs of a baby born prematurely.[] We report the case of a 20 years old male who presented with a 12-month history of worsening dry cough.[]

  • Pulmonary Hypertension

    […] sounds Pulmonary congestion or effusion or both Fine rales, accessory muscle use, wheezing, protracted expiration, productive cough Pulmonary parenchymal disease Obesity,[] Diagnostic Approach We recommend early echocardiograms for the diagnosis of PH in preterm infants with severe respiratory distress syndrome who require high levels of ventilator[] Other symptoms include fatigue lethargy, loss of appetite, chest pain, cough, blood in cough, hoarseness of voice.[]

  • Obstructive Atelectasis

    Additional findings on physical examination include hyperinflation of the lungs with an increased anteroposterior chest diameter (“barrel chest”); use of accessory muscles[] ., acute respiratory distress syndrome, pleural effusion, or pneumothorax i.e., postoperative atelectasis general anesthesia and restricted breathing from pain can cause decreased[] Initial symptoms included cough in 25 (68%), dyspnea in 24 (65%), and productive cough in 10 (27%).[]

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