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165 Possible Causes for Accessory Muscle Breathing, Tracheal Tug

  • Upper Airway Obstruction

    Increased work of breathing as evidenced by suprasternal, intercostal, and subcostal retraction along with an increased use of accessory muscles of respiration.[] Continued breathing effort against a partially or completely obstructed airway manifests it self as distorted paradoxical breathing and tracheal tug.[] He was sitting forward in a tripod position, tachypneic and had accessory muscle involvement for breathing.[]

  • Asthma

    Severe airflow obstruction may be predicted by accessory muscle use, pulsus paradoxus, refusal to recline below 30 , a pulse 120 beats/min, and decreased breath sounds.[] Are accessory muscles of respiration employed? Is there pursed lip breathing? Is there cyanosis? Note the ratio between the inspiratory and expiratory phase.[] Where available, also check oxygen saturations in acute attacks (saturations of Look at the patient's breathing: Is it fast? Is it laboured? Do they appear anxious?[]

    Missing: Tracheal Tug
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    , and use of accessory muscles.[] Signs of advanced disease include pursed-lip breathing, accessory respiratory muscle use, paradoxical inward movement of the lower rib cage during inspiration (Hoover sign[] Progressive or more serious symptoms may include respiratory distress, tachypnea, cyanosis, use of accessory respiratory muscles, peripheral edema, hyperinflation, chronic[]

    Missing: Tracheal Tug
  • Atelectasis

    J Burn Care Res. 2013 Mar-Apr;34(2):e112-5. doi: 10.1097/BCR.0b013e318257d83e. Author information 1 Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. Abstract Atelectasis is a significant risk factor for the development of pneumonia, especially in pediatric populations more prone to[…][]

    Missing: Tracheal Tug
  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Increased work of breathing and using of accessory muscles may ultimately result in fatigue and respiratory failure.[]

    Missing: Tracheal Tug
  • Pulmonary Embolism

    BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism can be difficult to diagnose, particularly in those who are hemodynamically unstable and cannot be imaged to confirm the diagnosis. Echocardiography can allow for rapid assessment of patients in shock, but requires adequate transthoracic windows to obtain clinically useful information.[…][]

    Missing: Tracheal Tug
  • Acute Massive Pulmonary Embolism

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the in-hospital clinical course and the long-term evolution of acute massive pulmonary embolism after thrombolytic therapy and to identify predictors of adverse clinical outcome. METHODS: A total of 260 patients hospitalized from January 1989 to October 1998 were retrospectively reviewed and[…][]

    Missing: Tracheal Tug
  • Aspiration Pneumonia

    Abstract Permanent tracheostomy and tracheoesophageal anastomosis were performed as a means of surgical intervention for the treatment of intractable aspiration pneumonia. Conventional methods of tracheoesophageal anastomosis have entailed various problems. The improved method devised by us uses the special[…][]

    Missing: Tracheal Tug
  • Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

    tug), and tracheal deviation.[] […] signs include Horner syndrome (miosis, ptosis, anhidrosis) due to compression of sympathetic ganglia, palpable downward pull of the trachea with each cardiac contraction (tracheal[]

    Missing: Accessory Muscle Breathing
  • Hemothorax

    Case Vignette Section: A 53-year-old woman with recently diagnosed metastatic malignant spindle-cell sarcoma of the leg presented with dyspnea and left-sided pleuritic chest pain associated with a recurrent left pleural effusion. Three days before presentation, she underwent a thoracentesis at another facility[…][]

    Missing: Tracheal Tug

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