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239 Possible Causes for Acid-Base Imbalance

  • Methanol Poisoning

    Administration of fomepizole and/or ethanol, hemodialysis, mechanical ventilation and therapy of acid-base and electrolyte imbalances are the mainstays of therapy.[]

  • Bartter's Disease

    Abstract The ROMK subtypes of inward-rectifier K( ) channels mediate potassium secretion and regulate NaCl reabsorption in the kidney. Loss-of-function mutations in this pH-sensitive K( ) channel cause Bartter's disease, a familial salt wasting nephropathy. One disease-causing mutation truncates the extreme[…][]

  • Acidosis

    BACKGROUND: Postoperative acid-base imbalances, usually acidosis, frequently occur after cardiac surgery.[] As described in Renal Response to Acid-Base Imbalance , the kidneys respond to acidosis by secreting free hydrogen ions in the urine, synthesizing novel bicarbonate which[] Increased acidity in the blood secondary to acid base imbalance. Causes include diabetes, kidney failure and shock.[]

  • Cystinosis

    In cystinosis, renal proximal tubule (RPT) function is compromised, due to mutations in ctns, which encodes for the transporter cystinosin, which removes cystine from lysosomes. Altered RPT function in cystinosis has been attributed to decreased ATP, as well as increased apoptosis. In this report, the role of AMPK[…][]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    If an acid-base imbalance is found, the doctor may carry out blood gas tests.[] As well as checking levels of electrolytes in the blood, an electrolyte panel (a group of specific blood tests) can also be used to find out whether there's an acid-base imbalance[] […] of electrolytes in the blood and measure acid-base balance and kidney function.[]

  • Hyperventilation

    imbalance.[] Carbon dioxide is a very weak acid but the volume exchanged in a day makes it the most important contributor to acid base balance.[] […] endogenous 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D formation. [15] A study by Park et al indicated that in patients with high-risk acute heart failure, respiratory alkalosis is the most frequent acid-base[]

  • Acid Base Disorder

    Acidbase imbalance is an abnormality of the human body's normal balance of acids and bases that causes the plasma pH to deviate out of the normal range (7.35 to 7.45).[] Genetic considerations A number of inherited disorders can result in acid-base imbalances.[] […] with an acid-base imbalance.[]

  • Acne Vulgaris

    Retinoids – vitamin A-based products such as tretinoin, tazarotene, and adapalene. Oral (internal) treatments may include antibiotics.[] Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe If your child has not reached puberty, blood tests might be done to look for a hormone imbalance.[] […] include creams, washes, or gels, including: Antibacterial agents and antibiotics such as benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin, erythromycin, sulfur, sodium sulfacetamide, and azelaic acid[]

  • Metabolic Syndrome

    imbalance and that aberrations in hepatic fatty acid composition may lead to fatty acid imbalances in other tissues. 1.[] Pelikanova, T, Kazdova, L, Chvojkova, S, Base, J. Serum phospholipid fatty acid composition and insulin action in type 2 diabetic patients.[] […] composition in liver seen after 4 weeks of sucrose loading, when increases in neither plasma glucose nor insulin were detected, suggest that liver may be the initial site of fatty acid[]

  • Acute Hyperventilation

    Carbon dioxide is a very weak acid but the volume exchanged in a day makes it the most important contributor to acid base balance.[] Problems of respiratory exchange may exist, including V/Q imbalance due to, for example, pulmonary embolism or poor gas exchange with pulmonary oedema.[]

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