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318 Possible Causes for Acid-Fast Bacilli in the Sputum

  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    Acid-fast bacilli were found in sputum and lung biopsy tissue.[] The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of household bleach on sputum smear microscopy to concentrate acid fast bacilli for the diagnosis of pulmonary[] Patients with acid-fast bacilli in sputum smears and/or Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum cultures were recruited from 1995 to 2010.[]

  • Laryngeal Tuberculosis

    Ziehl-Neelsen staining of the tissue biopsies and sputum revealed acid-fast bacilli (Figure 3B ).[] In that case, acid fast bacilli in the sputum infect laryngeal mucosa via direct contact.[] The first case showed features of a pharyngopalatotonsillar membrane, an exquisitely painful edematous pharynx and larynx and was initially sputum-negative for acid-fast bacilli[]

  • Pulmonary Cavitary Tuberculosis

    Relationship between CT findings of pulmonary tuberculosis and the number of acid-fast bacilli on sputum smears. Clin Imaging. 2004; 28 (2): 119-23[ DOI ][ PubMed ] 15.[] Over seven acid fast bacilli stains of sputum were negative in the setting of multiple cavitary lung lesions with high suspicion of active Tuberculosis.[] Relationship between CT findings of pulmonary tuberculosis and the number of acid-fast bacilli on sputum smears. Clin Imaging .2004;28:119-123.[]

  • Hypersensitivity

    Sputum cultures were negative for any bacterial pathogens including acid-fast bacilli. Influenza and respiratory syncytial viral infection were ruled out.[]

  • Acute Respiratory Infection

    […] specimen  Gram staining  Acid fast bacilli  Pleural fluid examination (if present)  ASO titer (in case of streptococcal pneumonia)  Tuberculin skin test  Viral Titres[]  White cell count and CRP  15,000 – 40,000/mm3 neutrophil predominance  Blood cultures  25% positive  NASOPHARYNGEAL ASPIRATE  Viral immunoflorescence in infants  Sputum[]

  • Oral Candidiasis

    A diagnosis of acid-fast bacilli (AFB) was made from a specially stained (acid-fast) biopsy specimen.[] The AFB cultured from blood and sputum were Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare.(66) NEOPLASTIC LESIONS Kaposi's Sarcoma Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) may occur intraorally, either[]

  • Drug-induced Fever

    Sputum smear for acid fast bacilli (AFB) was positive and chest radiograph had cavitary lesion right upper zone. She was put on daily therapy with HREZ.[]

  • Hemoptysis

    ‘All these 22 patients had chronic cough with haemoptysis but were not positive for acid-fast bacilli in three sputum examinations.’[] […] virus (HIV) screen If suspecting tuberculosis: Airborne isolation Acid-fast bacilli blood culture Sputum acid fast bacilli daily x3 Suspected cardiac cause: ECG Brain natriuretic[] Tuberculosis can be ruled out when three consecutive acid fast bacilli cultures are negative.[]

  • Pleural Tuberculosis

    bacilli in sputum (36.8 versus 9.4%, P 0.003), diagnostic yield of MTB culture (78.9% versus 22.7%, P 0.001) and MTB detected by polymerase chain reaction (31.6% versus 5.0%[] Abstract We prospectively evaluated the diagnostic yield of acid-fast bacilli smear and culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis using sputum induction (SI) in the workup of[] Two sputum samples returned negative for acid fast bacilli (AFB), fungal and bacterial cultures. A third sputum was not collected due to absent productive cough.[]

  • Disseminated Tuberculosis

    Sputum smears and cultures were performed to detect acid-fast bacilli. The administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics was initiated.[] Erythrocyte sedimentation rate was raised, sputum was positive for acid fast bacilli. Chest X-ray was suggestive of pulmonary tuberculosis.[] Diagnosis of disseminated tuberculosis (TB) was made and later confirmed by histopathology of lymph node biopsy along with positive sputum culture for acid-fast bacilli.[]

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