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55 Possible Causes for Acidosis, Dehydration, Starvation Ketosis

  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    Acidosis. Hyponatraemia, from persistent vomiting (which may cause lethargy, headache, confusion, nausea, vomiting, seizures or respiratory arrest).[] Be sure to watch for signs of dehydration if vomiting develops.[] ketosis with ketonuria, elevated specific gravity and BUN, and a hypochloremic hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. 1,3,15 It is recommended to replete with thiamine if significant[]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    ., inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, renal tubular acidosis, or malignancy).[] […] diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare. a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration[] ) further magnifies the impact of the malnutrition on the brain, owing to it being in a starvation-illness mode.[]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Metabolic acidosis in an infant requires a broad differential. Rasburicase should be considered in hyperuricemia and DKA.[] She had moderated to severe dehydration but no hypotension.[] It is possible that starvation ketosis contributed to the development of the high anion gap metabolic acidosis in our patient.[]

  • Alcoholic Ketoacidosis

    These two conditions should be considered when using the osmolal gap to design therapy (for example, hemodialysis) in the setting of anion gap metabolic acidosis and suspected[] Dehydration All patients with severe AKA are dehydrated.[] Patients: Twenty-three patients with lactic acidosis, 19 with alcoholic ketoacidosis, and 10 randomly selected controls.[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Clinically, they differ only by the degree of dehydration and the severity of metabolic acidosis.[] - /- hyperventilation due to cerebral dehydration - /- focal neurological signs due to dehydration or thrombosis Investigation - marked hyperglycaemia.[] The differential diagnosis of DKA includes alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA), starvation ketosis, and metformin-associated metabolic acidosis (MALA).[]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    A complete history of the illness, including questions on drug use, is vital in assessing the cause of metabolic acidosis in children.[] Hyperventilation (P less than .01), dehydration (P less than .001), and severe central nervous system manifestations (P less than .001) occurred more frequently in the chronic[] Ketoacidosis may also occur in children who are ill and fasted (ie starvation ketosis).[]

  • Acidosis

    Nervous system involvement may be seen with acidosis and occurs more often with respiratory acidosis than with metabolic acidosis.[] Treatment You can relieve dehydration-related acidosis by treating the underlying cause of dehydration, Medline Plus reports.[] , alcohol and DKA) Download PDF of GOLDMARK mnemonic Osmolar Gap common differential diagnosis Ketoacids (DKA, AKA, starvation ketosis) Alcohols Sepsis Ischemia Sodium bicarbonate[]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    […] inadequate during metabolic acidosis.[] We report a case of a 4-day-old neonate presenting with 18% weight loss, hypernatremic dehydration and metabolic acidosis.[] , alcohol and DKA) Download PDF of GOLDMARK mnemonic Osmolar Gap common differential diagnosis Ketoacids (DKA, AKA, starvation ketosis) Alcohols Sepsis Ischemia Sodium bicarbonate[]

  • Diabetic Coma

    […] of acidosis could theoretically have direct detrimental effects.[] The individual is not usually dehydrated and breathing is normal or shallow.[] Ketosis and ketoacidosis may also be seen with starvation, alcoholism, and with high-fat, low-carbohydrate diets.[]

  • Hyperglycemia

    Affected patients usually present with metabolic crisis including hypoglycemia, acidosis, ketonuria, and hyperuricemia.[] Dehydration Dehydration is a condition in which the body shows symptoms of severely low fluid content. Low water intake is the most obvious cause of dehydration.[] In addition, although AKA can result in profound acidosis, the serum bicarbonate concentration in starvation ketosis is usually not lower than 18 mEq/l.[]

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