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55 Possible Causes for Acidosis, Dehydration, Starvation Ketosis

  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    Acidosis. Hyponatraemia, from persistent vomiting (which may cause lethargy, headache, confusion, nausea, vomiting, seizures or respiratory arrest).[patient.info] Be sure to watch for signs of dehydration if vomiting develops.[healthlinkbc.ca] ketosis with ketonuria, elevated specific gravity and BUN, and a hypochloremic hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. 1,3,15 It is recommended to replete with thiamine if significant[emdocs.net]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    ., inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, renal tubular acidosis, or malignancy).[acphospitalist.org] […] diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare. a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ) further magnifies the impact of the malnutrition on the brain, owing to it being in a starvation-illness mode.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Metabolic acidosis in an infant requires a broad differential. Rasburicase should be considered in hyperuricemia and DKA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She had moderated to severe dehydration but no hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is possible that starvation ketosis contributed to the development of the high anion gap metabolic acidosis in our patient.[nature.com]

  • Alcoholic Ketoacidosis

    These two conditions should be considered when using the osmolal gap to design therapy (for example, hemodialysis) in the setting of anion gap metabolic acidosis and suspected[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dehydration All patients with severe AKA are dehydrated.[emedicine.com] Patients: Twenty-three patients with lactic acidosis, 19 with alcoholic ketoacidosis, and 10 randomly selected controls.[annals.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Clinically, they differ only by the degree of dehydration and the severity of metabolic acidosis.[clinicaladvisor.com] - /- hyperventilation due to cerebral dehydration - /- focal neurological signs due to dehydration or thrombosis Investigation - marked hyperglycaemia.[aic.cuhk.edu.hk] The differential diagnosis of DKA includes alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA), starvation ketosis, and metformin-associated metabolic acidosis (MALA).[ahcmedia.com]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    A complete history of the illness, including questions on drug use, is vital in assessing the cause of metabolic acidosis in children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperventilation (P less than .01), dehydration (P less than .001), and severe central nervous system manifestations (P less than .001) occurred more frequently in the chronic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ketoacidosis may also occur in children who are ill and fasted (ie starvation ketosis).[anaesthesiamcq.com]

  • Acidosis

    Nervous system involvement may be seen with acidosis and occurs more often with respiratory acidosis than with metabolic acidosis.[en.wikipedia.org] Treatment You can relieve dehydration-related acidosis by treating the underlying cause of dehydration, Medline Plus reports.[livestrong.com] , alcohol and DKA) Download PDF of GOLDMARK mnemonic Osmolar Gap common differential diagnosis Ketoacids (DKA, AKA, starvation ketosis) Alcohols Sepsis Ischemia Sodium bicarbonate[emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    […] inadequate during metabolic acidosis.[symptoma.com] We report a case of a 4-day-old neonate presenting with 18% weight loss, hypernatremic dehydration and metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , alcohol and DKA) Download PDF of GOLDMARK mnemonic Osmolar Gap common differential diagnosis Ketoacids (DKA, AKA, starvation ketosis) Alcohols Sepsis Ischemia Sodium bicarbonate[emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Diabetic Coma

    […] of acidosis could theoretically have direct detrimental effects.[bja.oxfordjournals.org] The individual is not usually dehydrated and breathing is normal or shallow.[en.wikipedia.org] Ketosis and ketoacidosis may also be seen with starvation, alcoholism, and with high-fat, low-carbohydrate diets.[labtestsonline.org]

  • Hyperglycemia

    Affected patients usually present with metabolic crisis including hypoglycemia, acidosis, ketonuria, and hyperuricemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dehydration Dehydration is a condition in which the body shows symptoms of severely low fluid content. Low water intake is the most obvious cause of dehydration.[study.com] In addition, although AKA can result in profound acidosis, the serum bicarbonate concentration in starvation ketosis is usually not lower than 18 mEq/l.[care.diabetesjournals.org]

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