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563 Possible Causes for Acidosis, Hyperkalemia, Hyponatremia

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Metformin associated lactic acidosis (MALA) is a serious complication occurring especially in elderly patients given high doses of the drug.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her hyperkalemia and kidney failure resolved after the surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment of hyponatremia is generally free-water restriction. In patients with severe AKI and more profound hyponatremia, renal replacement therapy may be necessary.[renalandurologynews.com]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Veverimer Effective for Metabolic Acidosis in CKD Over 12 weeks, 59% of patients taking the hydrochloric acid binder achieved an increase or normalization in serum bicarbonate[renalandurologynews.com] Manage the sequelae of ACRF (hyperkalemia, uremia and volume overload can be life-threatening).[clinicaladvisor.com] Moderate metabolic acidosis (plasma bicarbonate content 15 to 20 mmol/L) is characteristic.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Addisonian Crisis

    Eventually, they will receive critical VBG results that indicate a mild metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, and hyponatremia.[emsimcases.com] Aldosterone is the first-line defense against hyperkalemia.[emedicine.medscape.com] In a patient who developed clinical signs of intracranial hypertension, bilateral papilledema and diplopia, in association with mild hypotension, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Metabolic acidosis in an infant requires a broad differential. Rasburicase should be considered in hyperuricemia and DKA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He presented in hyperglycemic, hyperosmolar, hyperketotic state with hyperkalemia, and peaked T waves on electrocardiogram.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Halperin reports holding a patent on the use of sodium-linked glucose transporter 2 inhibitors to increase the excretion of water in patients with hyponatremia (US 8,518,895[nejm.org]

  • Addison's Disease

    Signs and symptoms include low blood pressure, nausea and vomiting, syncope, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, a metabolic acidosis, lethergy, confusion, and convulsions[openanesthesia.org] Source:MedicineNet Hyperkalemia - Hyperkalemia is too much potassium in the blood. It can be caused by a variety of factors.[web.archive.org] During admission for evaluation of hypotension, she was also detected to have hyponatremia. Hyponatremia and hypotension failed to improve despite fluid resuscitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Hyperkalemia was common despite a low potassium intake and correction of acidosis. Total body potassium was high at 55 mEq/kg body weight.[annals.org] It is associated with increased renin activity, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and volume depletion.[netscut.templaro.com] It may be due to metabolic acidosis, usually in children with a hereditary defect in urine acidification.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency Secondary to Hypopituitarism

    Patients with primary adrenal insufficiency also tend to develop hyperpigmentation of the skin, mild hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis.[amboss.com] Drug-induced hyponatremia could only be attributed to citalopram as he was receiving no other drugs causing hyponatremia.[journals.lww.com] This differs from primary adrenal insufficiency, in which patients develop hyponatremia and hyperkalemia.[medhelp.org]

  • Hypoaldosteronism

    Renal mechanisms for metabolic acidosis in selective hypoaldosteronism were investigated in a patient with marked renal insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Therefore it is concluded that "upright hyperkalemia" may not be caused exclusively by suppression or/and inadequate postural response of aldosterone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyponatremia is one of the most common electrolyte disorders encountered in the elderly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    Hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, dehydration, and metabolic acidosis are the primary findings that permit the diagnosis of CAH.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of hyperkalemia, with concurrent hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia resulting in (1) peaking of the T wave, (2) a prominent U wave, and (3) prolongation of the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Causes of Hyponatremia Hyponatremia is caused by conditions such as water retention and renal failure that result in a low sodium level in the blood.[healthcommunities.com]

  • Hyperkalemia

    In patients with diabetic nephropathy, hyperkalemia may be caused by the syndrome of hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperkalemia and hyponatremia are not reported in the side effects section of telmisartan/hydrochlorotiazide.[endocrine-abstracts.org] acidosis and hyperkalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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