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697 Possible Causes for Acidosis, Hyperkalemia, Hyponatremia

  • Urinary Tract Infection

    In the presence of pyelonephritis, the same biochemical picture can occur with transient type 1 pseudohypoaldosteronism (PHA-1) also termed type 4 renal tubular acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Secondary pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1 develops due to transient aldosterone resistance in renal tubules and is characterized by renal sodium loss, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Secondary pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1 develops due to transient aldosterone resistance in renal tubules and is characterized by renal sodium loss, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    The patient presented after birth with cardiopulmonary instability, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, hypoglycemia and metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperkalemia, low cortisol and high adrenocorticotropic hormone levels were found, indicating adrenal insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 60-year-old woman with a past medical history of Cushing's syndrome developed hyponatremia with symptoms of acute glucocorticoid deficiency, such as prolonged general fatigue[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Addisonian Crisis

    Eventually, they will receive critical VBG results that indicate a mild metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, and hyponatremia.[emsimcases.com] In a patient who developed clinical signs of intracranial hypertension, bilateral papilledema and diplopia, in association with mild hypotension, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Three women were admitted to the surgical wards with acute gastro-intestinal symptoms and despite good clinical (pigmentation, hypotension) and biochemical (hyponatraemia, acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Addison's Disease

    Signs and symptoms include low blood pressure, nausea and vomiting, syncope, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, a metabolic acidosis, lethergy, confusion, and convulsions[openanesthesia.org] During admission for evaluation of hypotension, she was also detected to have hyponatremia. Hyponatremia and hypotension failed to improve despite fluid resuscitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] acidosis, hypotension, hypoglycemia, shock or sudden death.[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Metformin associated lactic acidosis (MALA) is a serious complication occurring especially in elderly patients given high doses of the drug.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her hyperkalemia and kidney failure resolved after the surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment of hyponatremia is generally free-water restriction. In patients with severe AKI and more profound hyponatremia, renal replacement therapy may be necessary.[renalandurologynews.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Metabolic acidosis in an infant requires a broad differential. Rasburicase should be considered in hyperuricemia and DKA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He presented in hyperglycemic, hyperosmolar, hyperketotic state with hyperkalemia, and peaked T waves on electrocardiogram.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Halperin reports holding a patent on the use of sodium-linked glucose transporter 2 inhibitors to increase the excretion of water in patients with hyponatremia (US 8,518,895[nejm.org]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Metabolic acidosis Metabolic acidosis often is a mixture of normal anion gap and increased anion gap; the latter is observed generally with stage 5 CKD but with the anion[emedicine.medscape.com] Manage the sequelae of ACRF (hyperkalemia, uremia and volume overload can be life-threatening).[clinicaladvisor.com] Hyperkalemia only develops as a result of hyper-stimulation of the resorption capacity.[lecturio.com]

  • Malignant Hyperthermia

    Many features of a typical malignant hyperthermia episode were present, including tachydysrhythmia, tachypnea, and fever in association with metabolic acidosis, hyperCKemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Doping, use of drugs and toxic agents, exercise-associated hyponatremia, exertional heat illness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] acidosis (pH was 7,23) in a patient who underwent low anterior resection of the rectum for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) of the rectum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hepatorenal Syndrome

    Although the patient received bowel resection, death occurred due to ongoing hypotension and metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hemodialysis may be useful in patients fit for liver transplant who develop problems like metabolic acidosis, volume overload or refractory hyperkalemia (high blood potassium[medindia.net] […] of hyponatremia and HRS in cirrhosis (Figure 1).[gastroenterologyandhepatology.net]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency Secondary to Hypopituitarism

    ; with normal saline to treat hypotension ; and hyponatremia Correct hypoglycemia , hyperkalemia , and metabolic acidosis .[amboss.com] Drug-induced hyponatremia could only be attributed to citalopram as he was receiving no other drugs causing hyponatremia.[journals.lww.com] This differs from primary adrenal insufficiency, in which patients develop hyponatremia and hyperkalemia.[medhelp.org]

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