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648 Possible Causes for Acidosis, Hypernatremia

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  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Its release will lead to hypernatremia and hypokalemia, once stimulated by ACTH, elevated potassium levels, and/or the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS).[] The patient presented after birth with cardiopulmonary instability, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, hypoglycemia and metabolic acidosis.[] ; with normal saline to treat hypotension ; and hyponatremia Correct hypoglycemia , hyperkalemia , and metabolic acidosis .[]

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Results: AGE constituted 18% of the total admissions. 22% had Hyponatremia, 71.5% had Isonatremia and 6.5% had Hypernatremia.[] In any case, such tests are very helpful to assess water and electrolyte imbalances and to recognize acidosis.[] Deep respirations can be indicative of metabolic acidosis. Faint or absent bowel sounds can indicate hypokalemia.[]

  • Dehydration

    We report a case of a 4-day-old neonate presenting with 18% weight loss, hypernatremic dehydration and metabolic acidosis.[] We present the case of a full-term newborn who was fed solely breast milk and developed severe dehydration and hypernatremia.[] In geriatric populations lactic acidosis due to diminishing kidney function is an issue.[]

  • Diarrhea

    MVID can present with severe weight loss, hypernatremic dehydration and metabolic acidosis that is life threatening.[] Her hypernatremia was resistant to fluid management.[] A 79-year-old female was admitted because of metabolic encephalopathy caused by dehydration and hypernatremia.[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] with type 2 diabetes , higher mortality than DKA Clinical Presentation – extreme hyperglycemia ( 500 mg/dl) also hyperosmolality ( 350 mOsm/L), elevated BUN , sometimes hypernatremia[] Clinically, they differ only by the degree of dehydration and the severity of metabolic acidosis.[] Hypernatremia often contributes additionally to plasma hyperosmolarity. The pathogenesis of these component abnormalities is considered.[]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Hypernatremia is a less common complication of acute kidney injury, but may develop during the diuretic phase of recovering acute tubular necrosis (ATN) or in the setting[] Metformin associated lactic acidosis (MALA) is a serious complication occurring especially in elderly patients given high doses of the drug.[] ., hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypermagnesemia, hyponatremia, hypernatremia, metabolic acidosis) is important.[]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Hypernatremia was present in five children.[] Mild acidosis of a respiratory and metabolic origin and mild hypokalaemia are common findings in young teenagers.[] Children are more prone to develop complications such as hypothermia, acidosis, electrolyte disturbance and trauma.[]

  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    Electrolyte abnormalities: hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hypo and hypernatremia, hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis.[] Laboratory testing revealed metabolic acidosis and increased prothrombin and partial thromboplastin times.[] , metabolic acidosis, generalized rigidity, rhabdomyolysis, and hyperthermia.[]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    We diagnosed him with relapse of metabolic acidosis caused by renal tubular acidosis.[] Furthermore, large amounts of NaHCO 3 are commonly required, and volume overload and hypernatremia can occur.[] The metabolic acidosis caused by RTA is a normal anion gap acidosis .[]

  • Conn Syndrome

    This ultimately manifests as hypertension, hypernatremia, hypokalemia, and metabolic acidosis.[] […] a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia[] Acetazolamide increases the renal excretion of bicarbonate resulting in a metabolic acidosis that in turn stimulates ventilation [ 1 ].[]

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