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584 Possible Causes for Acidosis, Hypernatremia

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Results: AGE constituted 18% of the total admissions. 22% had Hyponatremia, 71.5% had Isonatremia and 6.5% had Hypernatremia.[] In any case, such tests are very helpful to assess water and electrolyte imbalances and to recognize acidosis.[] Summary of results in patients with hypernatremia at baseline.[]

  • Dehydration

    We report a case of a 4-day-old neonate presenting with 18% weight loss, hypernatremic dehydration and metabolic acidosis.[] We present the case of a full-term newborn who was fed solely breast milk and developed severe dehydration and hypernatremia.[] KEYWORDS: SGLT-2 inhibitors; acidosis; dehydration; metformin[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] prevent recurrence complications of treatment – most common is hypoglycemia following insulin administration ("insulin shock") excessive administration of fluid can lead to hypernatremia[] acidosis.[] Hypernatremia often contributes additionally to plasma hyperosmolarity. The pathogenesis of these component abnormalities is considered.[]

  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    Laboratory testing revealed metabolic acidosis and increased prothrombin and partial thromboplastin times.[] Electrolyte abnormalities: hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hypo and hypernatremia, hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis.[] , metabolic acidosis, generalized rigidity, rhabdomyolysis, and hyperthermia.[]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Abstract Metformin associated lactic acidosis (MALA) is a serious complication occurring especially in elderly patients given high doses of the drug.[] Hypernatremia is a less common complication of acute kidney injury, but may develop during the diuretic phase of recovering acute tubular necrosis (ATN) or in the setting[] Although correction of an anion gap metabolic acidosis with sodium bicarbonate is controversial, correction of the nonanion gap portion of severe metabolic acidosis (pH 7.20[]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    In addition to metabolic acidosis, acute renal failure and neurologic disease can occur in some of the intoxications.[] Hypernatremia was present in five children.[] Mild acidosis of a respiratory and metabolic origin and mild hypokalaemia are common findings in young teenagers.[]

  • Diarrhea

    CONCLUSION: MVID can present with severe weight loss, hypernatremic dehydration and metabolic acidosis that is life threatening.[] Her hypernatremia was resistant to fluid management.[] CASE PRESENTATION: A 79-year-old female was admitted because of metabolic encephalopathy caused by dehydration and hypernatremia.[]

  • Bicarbonate

    acidosis.[] We should keep in mind that acute hypernatremia and CPM can be associated with intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy, and that CPM due to acute hypernatremia may be effectively[] However, improper ratios of acid and bicarbonate concentrates in dialysis fluid can result in an iatrogenically induced metabolic acidosis.[]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    Though the symptoms were rapidly relieved after initiation of treatment, severe hyperglycemia (575 mg/dL), severe metabolic acidosis (pH 6.9), and ketonuria developed at four[] The notion that these might be useful prognostic markers is based partially on the observation that metabolic acidosis (characterized by reduced pH, bicarbonate and base excess[] Complications of Acute Pancreatitis Abdominal compartment syndrome Acidosis Acute renal failure Acute respiratory distress syndrome Ascites Bowel infarction Development of[]

  • Coma

    Endocrine Adrenal insufficiency, hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism Seizures (including non-convulsive epilepsy, postictal states and eclampsia) Pseudocoma Mnemonics “AEIOU TIPS” Acidosis[] It is gradual in onset, prolonged, and not spontaneously reversible. coma, diabetic , n the state of unconsciousness accompanying severe diabetic acidosis.[] Respiratory pattern (if the patient is not on a ventilator) Deep breathing - acidosis. Regular shallow breathing - drug overdose.[]

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