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699 Possible Causes for Acrocyanosis, Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer

  • Raynaud Phenomenon

    Occasionally, an alternate explanation is revealed such as acrocyanosis.[] […] or a unilateral acrocyanosis.[] Also, unlike Raynaud phenomenon, acrocyanosis exhibits no trophic changes including ulcer.[]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Homocystinuria

    In patients with progressive maculopathy in cb1C disease, there is thinning and loss of the ganglion cell layer, outer nuclear layer, and photoreceptor layer on OCT [10 ,11[] In some patients, there are hyperreflective material in the parafoveal area just anterior to the RPE [8].[]

  • Raynaud's Disease

    Acrocyanosis affects both men and women, and the age at onset is usually between 20 and 45 years.[] Other vasospastic disorders that should be included in the differential but are usually easily distinguishable by physical examination are acrocyanosis and livedo reticularis[] […] or a unilateral acrocyanosis.[]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Iron Deficiency Anemia

    A 19-month-old girl with a history of asthma and atopic dermatitis presented to her pediatrician because of parental concerns of pallor and fatigue. On dietary history, it was discovered that she was a picky eater and consumed 26 oz of homogenous milk daily. Her physical examination was unremarkable aside from[…][]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Int Heart J. 2017 May 31;58(3):378-384. doi: 10.1536/ihj.16-226. Epub 2017 May 23. Takasu K 1 , Miyazaki T 1 , Negoro K 1 , Yatsu S 1 , Shimizu M 1 , Murata A 1 , Kato T 1 , Suda S 1 , Hiki M 1 , Kasai T 1 , Miyauchi K 1 , Daida H 1 . Author information 1 Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate[…][]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Heart Failure

    BMJ. 2000 Jan 15; 320(7228): 167–170. ABC of heart failure This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Heart failure is a multisystem disorder which is characterised by abnormalities of cardiac, skeletal muscle, and renal function; stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system; and a complex pattern of[…][]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Hypovolemia

    Intact cerebral blood flow (CBF) is essential for cerebral metabolism and function, whereas hypoperfusion in relation to hypovolemia and hypocapnia can lead to severe cerebral damage. This study was designed to assess internal carotid artery blood flow (ICA-BF) during simulated hypovolemia and noninvasive positive[…][]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    Consider heparin (300-500 U/hr) for DIC manifested by thrombosis or acrocyanosis in the absence of active bleeding. 5 Anti-fibrinolytics (tranexamic acid and ε-amioncaproic[]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    HEART FAILURE means the heart is not pumping enough blood to keep the organs alive. Since its unable to pump the blood fast enough, the blood ON THE WAY TO THE HEART gets backed up in the veins. Reduced blood flow to the kidneys results in water retention. You end up with fluid in the lungs and edema on the[…][]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Diffuse Scleroderma

    Use cautiously with Raynaud's disease, chilblains, acrocyanosis, erythrocyanosis, or impaired temperature sensitivity, such as neuropathy.[]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer

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