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217 Possible Causes for Action Dystonia

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    Some DYT23 patients manifest generalized myoclonus in addition to progressive action-induced multifocal dystonia.[] Dystonia is often initiated or worsened by voluntary action and associated with overflow muscle activation. 12. DYSTONIA NEW CLASSIFICATION 13.[] DYT23 is an autosomal dominant dystonia affecting the face, neck, limbs.[]

  • Writer's Cramp

    With all these features Schweitzer presents as a classical case of action-specific dystonia in the form of a simple tonic writer's cramp.[] Writer's cramp is a specific movement disorder with hand muscle cramps in writing, being classified into focal and action-specific dystonia.[] Abstract Writer's Cramp (WC) is a focal, action-related dystonia, which induces hypertonic co-contractions and severely impairs handwriting[]

  • Oromandibular Dystonia

    dystonia, was similar in both groups.[] […] disorders was notably less frequent in the post-traumatic group (p Table 2 Comparison of primary and post-traumatic OMD The phenomenology, including the presence of resting or action[]

  • Stroke

    Assessments were done by using arm dystonia disability scale, action research arm test, Fugl-Meyer assessment of upper extremity, and stroke-specific quality of life.[]

  • X-linked Parkinsonism-Spasticity Syndrome

    Commonly, dystonia is initiated by voluntary motion (action dystonia) but may later become sustained and extend to other body regions.[] .  Clinical features Motor Limb clumsiness (asymmetric) Bradykinesia/Akinesia (asymmetric) Rigidity (asymmetric) Tremor (action/postural) Myoclonus Limb dystonia (asymmetric[] Dystonias Dystonias, sustained muscular contractions that produce abnormal postures of the face, head, trunk, and limbs, are caused by disease of the basal ganglia.[]

  • Paroxysmal Exertion-Induced Dyskinesia

    Jose Fidel Baizabal Carvallo and Marie Vidailhet, Idiopathic adult onset action dystonia of the lower limbs: case reports, Journal of Neurology, 258, 9, (1712), (2011).[] MalaCards based summary : Paroxysmal Exertion-Induced Dyskinesia, also known as dystonia 18, is related to epilepsy, rolandic, with paroxysmal exercise-induced dystonia and[] Dystonia may occur or be worsened when an individual attempts a voluntary action. There are many different causes for dystonia.[]

  • Renal Stone

    dystonia, choreo-athetosis, ballismus, cognitive and attentional deficits and self-destructive behaviour as in full-blown Lesch–Nyhan syndrome, or also of the same symptoms[] […] or of sensorineural deafness, hypotonia, motor delay, ataxia and autistic features in patients with ‘phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase hyperactivity’ [ 45 ], or of action[]

  • Essential Tremor

    Examination revealed subtle dystonic features as well as a disabling postural-action tremor.[] We report on a patient with medically refractory cervical dystonia and essential tremor resulting in dystonic head tremor and action tremor of the hands who obtained complete[] 55 to 90 percent improvement in tremor by CRS Gamma knife surgery U 2 61 Mild to severe (transient arm weakness, numbness in the contralateral arm, dysarthria, increased action[]

  • Hereditary Late-Onset Parkinson Disease

    Highly repetitive and extreme motor precision in music performance are tasks capable of inducing focal action limb dystonia.[] Other task-specific or occupational dystonias include musician’s dystonia and “the yips” that affect golfers.[]

  • Occupational Cramps

    These results provide objective evidence of a physiological basis for the action or task-specific focal dystonias such as writer's cramp.[] Focal hand dystonia is a condition manifesting through a loss of muscle control taking place during performance of certain repeated and frequently practiced actions.[] , without objective sensory abnormalities, precipitated by certain repetitive actions of the upper extremity.[]

Further symptoms