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80 Possible Causes for Acute Abdomen, Altered Mental Status, Salmonella Typhi

  • Typhus

    It may rarely present as an acute abdomen which may lead to a diagnostic dilemma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both diseases contain the word ‘typhi’ in their official names. Rickettsia typhi is the proper name of typhus and it’s Salmonella typhi for typhoid.[passporthealthusa.com] Typical signs and symptoms include: Fever and chills Headache Myalgia Eschar Altered mental status, ranging from confusion to coma or delirium Lymphadenopathy Rash Most patients[cdc.gov]

  • Typhoid Fever

    Credit: AP Photo Though the symptoms of salmonella poisoning are felt most acutely in the lower abdomen, nausea and vomiting are common symptoms of the infection.[cbsnews.com] Causes Typhoid is caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. It is the most serious of the Salmonella infections.[rarediseases.org] The germ that causes typhoid is a unique human strain of salmonella called Salmonella Typhi. Outbreaks are rare.[dph.georgia.gov]

  • Bacterial Pneumonia

    typhi, Serratia [5] .[ehealthstar.com] mental status due to intoxication or stroke.[symptoma.com] Associated factors are as follows: Alcoholism Altered mental status Anatomic abnormalities, congenital or acquired Drug use Dysphagia Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Pneumococcal Pneumonia

    salmonellae.(3) Although many different sites of pneumococcal infection have been described,(4) the respiratory tract is the primary focus of disease.(5) Fortunately, the[hivinsite.ucsf.edu] mental status 39 (9.8) 49 (10) 0.9 Pulse   125/min 62 (15.6) 62 (12.6) 0.2 Respiratory rate   30/min 98 (24.8) 96 (19.5) 0.06 Systolic blood pressure 30 (7.5) 42 (8.5) 0.6[bmcpulmmed.biomedcentral.com] BAL may be used in patients who are unable to cooperate with an induced sputum sample (eg, because of altered mental status).[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Toxic Megacolon

    abdomen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS: During an 11-year period we reviewed the records of children treated for non-typhi Salmonella infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] mental status Hypotension Imaging Findings Conventional radiography is usually diagnostic although CT scans are frequently obtained to rule out complications such as perforation[learningradiology.com]

  • Biliary Peritonitis

    We describe a case of 65-year old previously healthy man, who present with signs of acute abdomen, due to biliary peritonitis as a complication of acute acalculouscholecystitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] AAC occurs in 2% of Salmonella typhi infections. Nontyphoidal salmonella (NTS) are rarely isolated from cases of acute cholecystitis [ 2 ].[panafrican-med-journal.com] ., right heart failure can occur in children with nephrotic syndrome Presentation Symptoms altered mental status abdominal pain diarrhea Physical exam fever diffuse abdominal[medbullets.com]

  • Escherichia Coli

    ) Pelvic pressure Lower abdomen discomfort Frequent, painful urination Blood in urine Urethra (urethritis) Burning with urination Discharge When to see a doctor Contact your[mayoclinic.org] The outbreak strains, when incubated at 22 degrees C or exposed to ampicillin, lost the lipopolysaccharide O antigen and began to react with antisera against Salmonella typhi[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of 80-year-old female patient presenting with dizziness, fever, and altered mental status, who was finally diagnosed with emphysematous endocarditis caused[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Sepsis

    An acute surgical abdomen in a pregnant patient may be difficult to diagnose; the most common cause of sepsis in pregnancy is urosepsis due to an obstructed urinary tract[emedicine.medscape.com] […] septicemia NTS Salmonella septicemia Invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella septicemia Invasive non-typhoid Salmonella septicemia Invasive non-Typhi Salmonella septicemia iNTS[verywellhealth.com] We report the case of a woman who presented with altered mental status after receiving normal saline through an intravenous catheter placed by a medically untrained individual[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Abscess

    Strangely, I think my sense of smell has grown more acute. A scan of my pelvis and abdomen shows no abnormalities.[theguardian.com] Although brain abscesses within primary and metastatic brain tumors due to Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella typhi have been reported, none were postoperative complications[academic.oup.com] CASE REPORT A 67-year old gentleman with history of scalp angiosarcoma with wide excision two years prior presented to the hospital for left arm clumsiness, altered mental[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Viral Gastroenteritis

    An abdominal CT scan was performed in 4 patients with norovirus and in 1 with rotavirus for suspected acute abdomen including acute appendicitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bacteria and protozoans that are amenable to treatment include Shigella Salmonella typhi, and Giardia species.[en.wikipedia.org] Diarrhea on its own is not a cause for alarm, but call your doctor if you also experience extreme lethargy, confusion, or otherwise altered mental status, or a lack of urine[health.com]

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