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74 Possible Causes for Acute Abdomen, Epigastric Pain, Salmonella Typhi

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Sometimes, myocardial infarction can appear as dyspepsia and epigastric pain. In children, abdominal pain may be the only presenting feature in pneumonia.[contemporaryclinic.pharmacytimes.com] It shows irregular, fragmented, and helmet shaped red blood cells (schistocytes) and an immature platelet The enteric fevers (due to Salmonella typhi and S paratyphi) cause[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with gastroenteritis should not have rebound tenderness, guarding, distention, bulges, pinpoint pain, or a board-like abdomen.13 Duration: Acute infectious gastroenteritis[contemporaryclinic.pharmacytimes.com]

  • Cholelithiasis

    A 10-year-old girl visited our hospital because of right epigastric pain and fever. Cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis were diagnosed by ultrasound examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Due to the signs of acute abdomen and poor general condition of the patient, urgent surgical procedure was indicated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Salmonella typhi and Helicobacter sp. were not detected in bile from any GBC patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Viral Gastroenteritis

    An abdominal CT scan was performed in 4 patients with norovirus and in 1 with rotavirus for suspected acute abdomen including acute appendicitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bacteria and protozoans that are amenable to treatment include Shigella Salmonella typhi, and Giardia species.[en.wikipedia.org] See also the separate leaflet called Acute Diarrhoea in Children. Crampy pains in the tummy (abdomen) are common.[patient.info]

  • Pneumococcal Pneumonia

    salmonellae.(3) Although many different sites of pneumococcal infection have been described,(4) the respiratory tract is the primary focus of disease.(5) Fortunately, the[hivinsite.ucsf.edu] […] affecting both HIV-1 infected children and adults.(1,2) Among female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya, S. pneumoniae caused more disease than Mycobacterium tuberculosis or non-typhi[hivinsite.ucsf.edu]

  • Typhoid Fever

    A 30-year-old male was admitted to the Medicine Department of our hospital with 1-week history of high-grade fever with chills and rigors, moderate abdominal pain in the epigastric[ijpmonline.org] Credit: AP Photo Though the symptoms of salmonella poisoning are felt most acutely in the lower abdomen, nausea and vomiting are common symptoms of the infection.[cbsnews.com] Causes Typhoid is caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. It is the most serious of the Salmonella infections.[rarediseases.org]

  • Giardiasis

    Epidemiology: Worldwide, primarily human-to-human transmission Clinical Features: Intestinal : Diarrhea, epigastric pain, flatulence, increased fat and mucus in stool, gallbladder[med-chem.com] Typhi) More Resources Vaginitis More Resources Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) More Resources Vibrio parahaemolyticus More Resources West Nile Virus (WNV) Information[bccdc.ca] By March 1997, the patient had lost 13.4 kg (29.7 pounds) and had continuing epigastric pain and diarrhea.[doi.org]

  • Pancreatic Abscess

    Abstract A 35-year-old man sought treatment for acute epigastric pain, mild jaundice, and high fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Perforated ulcers usually present with an acute abdomen and are life-threatening unless immediately recognized and treated.[mdedge.com] Isolated involvement of the pancreas in Salmonella typhi bacteraemia is rare. A case of pancreatic abscess due to S. typhi is reported which was managed conservatively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pancreatitis

    A 44-year-old gentleman presented with a 3-day history of constant severe epigastric pain and associated vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] abdomen In the event of a serendipitously patent acoustic window, typical ultrasonographic features congruent with acute pancreatitis include: increased pancreatic volume[radiopaedia.org] typhi, Strongyloides stercoralis, Yersinia enterocolitica Drugs: antiretroviral, azathioprine, estrogen, furosemide, methyldopa, pentamidine, procainamide, sulfa, thiazides[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Biliary Peritonitis

    . 7 days later she developed epigastric pain, diarrhoea and high grade fever, she consulting a practitioner who prescribing antibiotic (Thiobactin) and antidiarrheic (Imodium[panafrican-med-journal.com] We describe a case of 65-year old previously healthy man, who present with signs of acute abdomen, due to biliary peritonitis as a complication of acute acalculouscholecystitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spontaneous rupture of intrahepatic biliary ducts is a rare cause of acute abdomen due to biliary peritonitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Intestinal Perforation

    Sharp, severe, sudden-onset epigastric pain that awakens the patient from sleep often suggests perforated peptic ulcer.[slideshare.net] Phytobezoars are uncommon causes of acute abdomen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (Salmonella Typhi) causes an estimated 22 million typhoid fever cases and 216 000 deaths annually worldwide.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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