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70 Possible Causes for Acute Abdomen, Hyperactive Bowel Sounds

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    When a patient complains of abdominal pain, the various causes of an acute abdomen or referred pain should be considered.[] Patients with gastroenteritis should not have rebound tenderness, guarding, distention, bulges, pinpoint pain, or a board-like abdomen. 13 Duration: Acute infectious gastroenteritis[] Upper abdominal pain could be acute cholecystitis, pancreatitis, or a perforated ulcer.[]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    The interest of these cases lies in this exceptional form of presentation, such as a surgical acute abdomen.[] On the other hand, if very hyperactive bowel sounds are heard they are indicative of mechanical obstruction.[] The clinical presentations varied, ranging from asymptomatic, chronic abdominal pain, or acute abdominal pain as acute abdomen.[]

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    Some individuals may have a palpable abdominal mass and affected individuals may develop small bowel obstruction or acute abdomen.[] While some patients are asymptomatic, others present to medical attention with vague abdominal symptoms, an acute abdomen, or in shock.[] The prevalence of intestinal obstruction was 21.8 % and 4.8 % among patients admitted for acute abdomen surgery and total surgical admissions, respectively.[]

  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    abdomen: we discuss the clinical outcomes of this rare entity.[] At first, enteric stimuli resulting from the obstruction cause an increase in propulsive activity, causing hyperactive bowel sounds.[] KW - Acute abdomen KW - Colon cancer KW - Large-bowel obstruction UR - UR - U2 - 10.1007/s10140-012-1088-2 DO - 10.1007/s10140-012-1088-2 M3 - Article VL - 20 SP - 69 EP -[]

  • Acute Mesenteric Ischemia

    75 years with acute abdomen.[] sounds absent - hyperactive septicaemia AF heart murmurs INVESTIGATIONS bloods: unreliable diagnostically ABG: metabolic state lactate: elevation xray: exclude perforation[] CONCLUSIONS: AMI is underdiagnosed in the CT of the acute abdomen if there is no clinical suspicion. Copyright 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.[]

  • Viral Gastroenteritis

    An abdominal CT scan was performed in 4 patients with norovirus and in 1 with rotavirus for suspected acute abdomen including acute appendicitis.[] See also the separate leaflet called Acute Diarrhoea in Children. Crampy pains in the tummy (abdomen) are common.[] These imaging features of viral gastroenteritis may be useful in differential diagnosis of acute abdomen to avoid unnecessary surgery.[]

  • Salmonella Food Poisoning

    Credit: AP Photo Though the symptoms of salmonella poisoning are felt most acutely in the lower abdomen, nausea and vomiting are common symptoms of the infection.[]

  • Diverticular Abscess

    abdomen.[] […] diverticulitis Suspect an abscess in patients with persistent fever and abdominal pain despite antibiotic treatment Perforation : symptoms of acute abdomen caused by Fistulas[] During an acute flare-up of diverticulitis a CT scan may be used to diagnose the extent of the infection.[]

  • Giardiasis

    The recent near-epidemic incidence of Giardia lamblia infection in visitors to the Soviet Union illustrates the importance of this intestinal flagellate as a cause of diarrhea in travelers worldwide. Clinical states range from the asymptomatic cyst-passing stage, to the chronic or subacute stage mimicking gallbladder or[…][]

  • Shigella Enteritis

    The in vitro bacteriostatic effect of sulfonamides against organisms of the genus Shigella together with the clinical efficacy of the drug in this disease has been amply demonstrated. 1 The soluble, easily absorbed sulfonamides such as sulfadiazine have been shown to be superior to the enteric preparations such as[…][]

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