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137 Possible Causes for Acute Episodic Encephalopathy

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Korsakoff syndrome is often — but not always — preceded by an episode of Wernicke encephalopathy, which is an acute brain reaction to severe lack of thiamine.[alz.org]

  • Hashimoto Thyroiditis

    We report a 46-year-old man who presented with an acute depressive episode and was proven to have encephalopathy associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    […] bleeding, size of varices and presence of portal gastropathy or gastric varices, type of treatment of the acute bleeding episode immediately prior to the measurement, degree[doi.org] […] of portosystemic encephalopathy, and the degree of ascites.[doi.org] […] or non-alcoholic), information about previous variceal bleeding episodes and current long term treatment for the prevention of first bleeding or rebleeding, source of the acute[doi.org]

  • Alcohol Withdrawal

    Korsakoff's psychosis generally develops after an acute episode of Wernicke's encephalopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcohol Dementia

    Korsakoff syndrome is often — but not always — preceded by an episode of Wernicke encephalopathy, which is an acute brain reaction to severe lack of thiamine.[alz.org]

  • Demyelinating Disease

    […] an episode of valproate-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, repeated episodes of encephalopathy or prolonged alcohol abuse may cause persistent dementia or Korsakoff psychosis.[the-medical-dictionary.com] We report the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features of a patient who had fulminant demyelinating disease and who experienced acute progression of his disease after[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Epilepsy

    He also showed an episode of acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion followed by hemiplegia and intractable epilepsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] HNRNPU was identified in a 5-year-old boy with developmental delay associated with Rett-like features including stereotypic hand movements and respiratory abnormalities with episode[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pediatric Arterial Ischemic Stroke

    acute focal neurological deficits and stroke-like episodes.[jkns.or.kr] The precise mechanism of neurological symptoms in patients with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is still controversial[researchgate.net] Inherited metabolic diseases such as mitochondrial encephalopathies, Fabrys disease, Menke's disease, organic academia, urea cycle defects and homocystinuia can result in[jkns.or.kr]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    Sodium benzoate in the treatment of acute hepatic encephalopathy: a double-blind randomized trial. Hepatology. 1992 Jul. 16(1):138-44. [Medline].[medscape.com] Normal protein diet for episodic hepatic encephalopathy: results of a randomized study. J Hepatol. 2004 Jul. 41(1):38-43. [Medline].[medscape.com]

  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome

    […] of both anorexia and acute metabolic encephalopathy 48 to 72 hours prior to admission.[doi.org] Our Experience: Case Report A 62-year-old white female presented with a several week history of general malaise, intermittent febrile episodes for several months, and development[doi.org]

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