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183 Possible Causes for Acute Kidney Failure, Black Stools, Sudden Death

  • Mercury Poisoning

    […] renal failure.[] Abstract A 26-year-old woman ingested 0.9 g of mercuric chloride in a suicide attempt and developed hematemesis, melena and acute renal failure.[] Sensitivity reactions to these diuretics may cause asthma, hives, other skin lesions, and sudden death.[]

  • Amanita Phalloides Poisoning

    A kidney biopsy showed massive acute tubular necrosis, mainly in the proximal convoluted tubule, and mild interstitial infiltration by mononuclear cells.[] Herein, we report on a patient who developed acute renal failure after ingesting A. phalloides, which required definitive renal replacement therapy, despite rapid liver injury[]

  • Typhus

    Typical gastrointestinal manifestations in patients with scrub typhus include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, hematemesis, melena, and diarrhea.[] OBJECTIVES: Renal involvement in scrub typhus ranges from simple urinary abnormalities to acute kidney injury (AKI) leading to death.[] Nilsson K, Lindquist O, Pahlson C: Association of Rickettsia helvetica with chronic perimyocarditis in sudden cardiac death. Lancet 1999; 354: 1169–73. MEDLINE 13.[]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Symptoms include vomiting blood, black stool, decreased blood pressure, increased heart rate and massive hemorrhage.[] Acute non‐obstructive pyelonephritis is rarely considered in the differential diagnosis of acute renal failure (ARF), especially in patients with little or no evidence of[] death of traumatic or neurological origin.[]

  • Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    Black stool, age less than 50 years, and blood urea nitrogen/creatinine ratio of 30 or greater independently predict an upper GI tract bleeding source.[] […] renal failure.[] In the absence of hematemesis, an upper source for GI bleeding is likely in the presence of at least two factors among: black stool, age 50 years, and blood urea nitrogen[]

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    stools Blood in the urine Vaginal bleeding Unexplained bruises Severe abdominal or back pain Seizures or loss of consciousness in advanced cases (rare) Nausea Difficulty[] Organ failure, such as liver, pancreas, or kidney failure Other less common causes, such as snake bite venom, toxic drug reaction, blood transfusion reaction, organ transplant[] Hemorrhage into the central nervous system may cause acute onset of neurological dysfunction or sudden death.[]

  • Castor Bean Poisoning

    […] collapse Death This plant ( Ricinus sp.) contains a highly toxic glycoprotein called ricin and ricicine, an alkaloid found in both the seeds and leaves.[] Death can occur with even a very small ingestion of the beans. Poison type: plants Alternate names: Ricinus, seed, African Wonder tree, Euphorbiaceae[] Common signs to watch for: Inappetanc Drooling Abdominal pain Vomiting Severe bloody diarrhea Abdominal straining Weakness Trembling Hypotension (drop in blood pressure) Sudden[]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    […] oliguric kidney failure), and not because of the serum salicylate level. 1-3 The literature describes numerous cases in which levels below 100mg/dl have proven fatal for[] […] cause seizures, cerebral oedema and death.[] kidney injury Congestive cardiac failure Non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema Coma Convulsions CNS effects not resolved by correction of acidosis Persistently high salicylate[]

  • Viral Hemorrhagic Fever

    Ecchymoses often are accompanied by hemorrhage in other locations: epistaxis, puncture sites, hematemesis, melena, and hematuria.[] The organ donor, a middle-aged man from the southwestern United States, had been hospitalized for acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome, pneumonia, and multiorgan failure.[] Petechiae, mucous membrane and conjunctival hemorrhage, hematuria, melena, and hematemesis may be indicators of a progressing hemorrhagic diathesis.[]

  • Heavy Metal Poisoning

    Hypovolemia, Hypotension Minutes Minutes to hours Gastrointestinal Garlic or metallic taste Burning mucosa Nausea and vomiting Diarrhea Abdominal pain Hematemesis Hematochezia, melena[] In some cases, other affected individuals may experience stomach and intestinal disturbances; kidney damage; dehydration; acute renal failure; inflammation of the gums (gingivitis[] For instance, smaller levels of heavy metal exposure can cause minor irritations such as skin rashes and warts (arsenic), whereas large amounts may cause sudden death. [3][]

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