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558 Possible Causes for Acute Kidney Failure, Electrolyte Imbalance, Hypernatremia, Hyponatremia

  • Lithium Toxicity

    The disorder was related to the rapid correction of pregnancy-related hyponatremia, as a consequence of lithium-induced diabetes insipidus.[] Am J Kidney Dis 1992;19:31–38. Sigler MH, Teehan BP: Solute transport in continuous hemodialysis: A new treatment for acute renal failure. Kidney Int 1987;32:562–571.[] Its adverse effects of dehydration and serum electrolyte imbalances are widely known.[] Care must be taken to avoid hypernatremia in patients with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus as toxicity will worsen.[]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Treatment of hyponatremia is generally free-water restriction. In patients with severe AKI and more profound hyponatremia, renal replacement therapy may be necessary.[] Acute kidney failure (acute kidney injury or acute renal failure) is the abrupt loss of the kidney's capacity to remove metabolic wastes from the blood and to maintain fluid[] imbalance.[] Serum electrolyte levels and fluid balance are monitored and steps are taken to correct and prevent imbalances.[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Two patients presented hyponatremia simultaneously. No patients had benefit with phenytoin or diazepam, and one patient got worse after them.[] Complications of DKA like acute kidney failure, brain oedema and acute respiratory distress are treated accordingly.[] In this condition urinary loss of water, potassium, ammonium, and sodium results in hypovolemia, electrolyte imbalance, extremely high blood glucose levels, and breakdown[] […] prevent recurrence complications of treatment – most common is hypoglycemia following insulin administration ("insulin shock") excessive administration of fluid can lead to hypernatremia[]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    Causes of Hyponatremia Hyponatremia is caused by conditions such as water retention and renal failure that result in a low sodium level in the blood.[] If TLS is untreated, its progression may cause acute kidney failure, cardiac arrhythmias, seizures, loss of muscle control or death.[] From Wikidata Jump to navigation Jump to search abnormalities in the levels of electrolytes which are medically significant edit English water-electrolyte imbalance abnormalities[] Here, we present a case of a heart donor with severe electrolyte imbalance, specifically severe hypokalemia, and severe hypernatremia.[]

  • Acute Tubular Necrosis

    Among them, the most relevant are sodium and water retention, hyponatremia, worsening of hypertension or preexisting cardiac failure, hyperkalemia, acute kidney injury, chronic[] Convert to ICD-10-CM : 584.5 converts directly to: 2015/16 ICD-10-CM N17.0 Acute kidney failure with tubular necrosis Approximate Synonyms Acute renal failure due to tubular[] Complications of ATN Electrolyte and fluid imbalance Uremia Infections Anemia Besides these complications there are specific condition-related complications which are as follows[] Diagnosis and treatment of hyponatremia: a systematic review of clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements. BMC Med. 2014 Dec 11. 12:1. [Medline].[]

  • Heat Stroke

    20.51%), confusional state (58.97%),coma (29.48%), seizure (33.33%),and vomiting (26.92%).Vital parameters were recorded and laboratory parameters revealed hypophosphatemia, hyponatremia[] She was unconscious with hyperthermia on admission and later showed biochemical evidence of liver, cardiac and muscle injury and associated electrolyte imbalance.[] Doping, use of drugs and toxic agents, exercise-associated hyponatremia, exertional heat illness.[] imbalance and inadequate perfusion to organs.[]

  • Hypernatremia

    KEYWORDS: Aging; Dehydration; Electrolytes; Hypernatremia; Hyponatremia; Osmolality; SIADH; Thirst[] Acute kidney injury : 5th edition [PDF] Acute kidney injury (AKI) has now replaced the term acute renal failure and an universal definition and staging system has been proposed[] Some drugs used to treat electrolyte imbalance may be unsafe for pregnant women and should not be taken before consulting a physician. Publication Review By: Stanley J.[] There are several common causes of hypernatremia (see Principal Causes of Hypernatremia ).[]

  • Dehydration

    Her history was significant for psychogenic polydipsia, hyponatremia, and a renal concentrating defect.[] Dehydration also often causes the kidneys to work less well, and in severe cases may even cause acute kidney failure.[] Correction of the electrolyte imbalance in both cases over a period of 48 h led to the resolution of symptoms.[] We present the case of a full-term newborn who was fed solely breast milk and developed severe dehydration and hypernatremia.[]

  • Hyponatremia

    [ edit ] True hyponatremia, also known as hypotonic hyponatremia, is the most common type.[] kidney failure.[] Bowel preparation for colonoscopy and/or colorectal surgery can cause electrolyte imbalances.[] Assessment of Hypernatremia (serum sodium 145 mEq/L [ 145 mmol/L]) FIGURE 2. Algorithm for the assessment of hypernatremia.[]

  • Cholera

    Disturbing trends during therapy have included overhydration, hyponatremia and polyuria.[] This can lead to an electrolyte imbalance. The first sign of an electrolyte imbalance is severe muscle cramps. An electrolyte imbalance can eventually lead to shock.[] Symptomatic hyponatremia during treatment of dehydrating diarrheal disease with reduced osmolarity oral rehydration solution.[] Signs of dehydration and electrolyte imbalance soon occur and include sunken eyes, lethargy, dry mouth, decreased skin turgor, wrinkled hands and feet and cold clammy skin[]

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