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411 Possible Causes for Acute Kidney Injury, Anuria, Tachycardia

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously called acute renal failure (ARF), is an abrupt loss of kidney function that develops within 7 days.Its causes are numerous.[] Peritoneal dialysis was started at a mean of 51 hours after transplantation for treatment of anuria (5 patients, 50%), oliguria (3 patients, 30%), fluid overload or hyperkalemia[] ., history of vomiting, diarrhea, diuretic overuse, hemorrhage, burns) Weight loss, orthostatic hypotension and tachycardia Thirst and reduced fluid intake Poor skin turgor[]

  • Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

    Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare disease characterized by thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and acute kidney failure.[] Fluid overload with anuria further complicated the course necessating hemodialysis.[] Due to anemia, patients often appear pale or cyanotic, and tachycardia may be noted.[]

  • Cardiogenic Shock

    Acute kidney injury was reported in 197 of 380 patients (55.6%), and renal replacement therapy was initiated in 758 of 1,452 patients (46%) after ECMO.[] A 74-year-old woman presenting with sepsis demonstrated AF tachycardia characterised by severe hypotension.[] kidney failure 29 (4.0%) 729 43 (5.9%) 728 Levin 2008 Need for dialysis 2 (2.9%) 69 8 (11.9%) 68 Levin 2008 , Mebazaa (SURVIVE) 2007 Pneumonia 34 (4.7%) 729 34 (4.7%) 728[]

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    Serial metabolic panels over the next 4 days revealed multiple abnormalities ( Table 1 ) including acute kidney injury, elevated transaminases, elevated LDH, leukocytosis,[] She received haemofiltration therapy for acute kidney injury.[] We report on an extremely rare case of acute DIC in a patient with misdiagnosed adenomyosis and massive methrorragia which led to acute kidney failure.[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Acute kidney injury was assessed by the RIFLE classification.[] […] osmotic diuresis) 2) profound dehydration 3) decreased Na, K and phosphorus As fluid loss continues, eventually hypovolemia occurs: 1) decreased renal perfusion leads to anuria[] , abdominal pain (ileus), gastric stasis, and leg cramps ketosis causes nausea and vomiting acidosis causes tachycardia, rapid deep breathing (Kussmaul), hypotension(vasodil[]

  • Sepsis

    Organ dysfunction is caused by a dysregulated host response to infection during sepsis which is a major contributing factor to acute kidney injury (AKI) and the mortality[] The onset of oliguria (eg, about 0.5 mL/kg/h) or anuria, or rising creatinine may signal impending renal failure.[] A 63-year-old woman presented with fever, tachycardia and tachypnoea, with right sided chest and hypochondrial pain.[]

  • Paraquat Poisoning

    Acute kidney injury developed in all the cases and mortality was 66%. Respiratory and multiorgan failure are the main causes for mortality.[] Immediate vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, mouth and throat ulceration; within day renal, hepatic failure, hypotension, and tachycardia.[] kidney injury (59.3% vs 78.4%; p 0.03).[]

  • Acute Arsenic Poisoning

    Renal and hepatic: Haematuria or haemoglobinuria (from acute haemolysis), proteinuria, acute tubular necrosis with acute kidney injury.[] This can be discontinued when the urine arsenic falls below 50 mg in 24 hours. 3 In addition treatment for dehydration, shock, pulmonary oedema, anuria and liver damage may[] Goldsmith S, From AH (1980) Arsenic-induced atypical ventricular tachycardia. N Engl J Med 303: 1096-1098.[]

  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

    The second and third cases are related to hemolytic uremic syndrome complicated with acute kidney injury that required hemodialysis.[] The age of onset (younger than 2 years or not, P 0.009), the duration of oliguria or anuria (more than one week or not, P 0.005), accompanied with extrarenal complications[] Patient 1 had rising fever, tachycardia, and severe abdominal pain 24 hours after admission.[]

  • Hypovolemic Shock

    Furthermore, the patient displayed hypotension as well as prerenal acute kidney injury with elevated levels of creatinine and reduced renal clearance, indicating a hypovolemic[] Severe oliguria or anuria 18. Heart • Cardiovascular signs are due to adrenergic response to blood loss.[] Symptoms include: Anxiety Low or no urine output Profuse sweating Dizziness Confusion Loss of consciousness Chest pain Tachycardia with weak pulse Hypotension Decreased urine[]

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