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158 Possible Causes for Acute Myocardial Infarction, Cardiomegaly, Gallop Rhythm

  • Hypertension

    Steinmetz JC (1989) Neonatal hypertension and cardiomegaly associated with a congenital neuroblastoma. Pediatr Pathol 9:577–582 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 101.[oadoi.org] They have shown long-term beneficial effects on mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) when used in people with heart failure or acute myocardial infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Daily examination should include a funduscopic examination for retinal spasm or edema, lung examination for signs of volume overload, cardiac examination for gallop rhythms[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Electrocardiogram showed right axis deviation, poor R-wave progression, and diffuse ST-segment elevation in the anterior leads, and cardiomegaly was observed by roentgenogram[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Acute myocarditis may clinically mimic an acute myocardial infarction with chest pain.[radiologyassistant.nl] rhythm, persistent jugular venous distention, systemic hypotension, peripheral vascular disease Laboratory findings Hyponatremia, persistently elevated B-type natriuretic[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Coronary Artery Disease

    Pulmonary edema in coronary-artery disease without cardiomegaly: paradox of the stiff heart. N Eng J Med. 1972 ; 286 :1347–1350. Crossref Medline Google Scholar 236.[doi.org] Ischemic heart disease (IHD) burden consists of years of life lost from IHD deaths and years of disability lived with 3 nonfatal IHD sequelae: nonfatal acute myocardial infarction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] myocardial infarction 410.0 Acute myocardial infarction of anterolateral wall 410.00 Acute myocardial infarction of anterolateral wall, episode of care unspecified convert[icd9data.com]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    HCM was also associated with a higher incidence of myocardial infarction ([MI] 1.90 [1.27-2.84]) and coronary revascularisation (2.32 [1.46-3.69]).The absolute Kaplan-Meier[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Additionally, a gallop rhythm may be ausculted. This may be enough to lead to a diagnosis.[mspca.org] AHCM can occur with varied presentations such as chest pain, palpitations, dyspnea, syncope, atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction, embolic events, ventricular fibrillation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertensive Heart Disease

    […] malignant hypertensive heart disease malignant hypertensive heart disease (disorder) malignant hypertensive heart disease NOS (disorder) hypertensive cardiopathy hypertensive cardiomegaly[wikidata.org] infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These cases are regarded as evidence in favour of the hypothesis that many cases of cryptogenic heart disease (cardiomyopathy, congestive cardiomyopathy, idiopathic cardiomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    […] presence of Q waves or a new left bundle branch block (LBBB) are associated with higher rates of cardiac death or heart transplantation Radiology description Chest Xray: cardiomegaly[pathologyoutlines.com] Localized Uptake of Antimyosin Antibody in Acute Myocardial Infarction.[nejm.org] The arterial pressure was 89x56 and MAP of 67 mmHg, there was a gallop rhythm with rales in both lung fields.[scielo.br]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Autopsy showed mild cardiomegaly with microscopic foci of myocardial fibrosis and extensive contraction band necrosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] failure acute myocardial infarction angina pectoris cardiac arrest cardiovascular disease chest pains congestive heart failure coronary coronary infarction coronary thrombosis[thesaurus.com] The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[symptoma.com]

  • Left Ventricular Dilatation

    2012 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 429.3 Cardiomegaly ICD-9-CM 429.3 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 429.3[icd9data.com] myocardial infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] rhythm, persistent jugular venous distention, systemic hypotension, peripheral vascular disease Laboratory findings Hyponatremia, persistently elevated B-type natriuretic[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Pulmonary venous congestion No cardiomegaly No or mild cardiomegaly Hemodynamics Normal or high EDP, low EF, diffusely dilated hypokinetic ventricles AV valve regurgitation[merckmanuals.com] The patient was subsequently readmitted with an acute myocardial infarction, and the coronary angiogram again failed to demonstrate significant stenosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] rhythm, persistent jugular venous distention, systemic hypotension, peripheral vascular disease Laboratory findings Hyponatremia, persistently elevated B-type natriuretic[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Bacterial Myocarditis

    Cardiomegaly and diminished systolic function occur due to myocardial damage. Typical signs of CHF occur which may progress to shock,arrythmias and sudden death. 6.[slideshare.net] As with viral myocarditis, this disease can present with signs and symptoms of acute myocardial infarction, complicating the diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Narula J, et al: Recognition of acute myocarditis masquerading as acute myocardial infarction. NEJM 1993;328:100–104.[karger.com]

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