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268 Possible Causes for Acute Myocardial Infarction, Cardiomegaly, Orthopnea

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    In the latter case, it may show cardiomegaly, edema, and other findings suggestive of congestive heart failure.[symptoma.com] On day 2, she developed acute anterior wall myocardial infarction (MI) with ST elevation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The medical term for this condition is cardiomegaly, although most patients will hear that their hearts are enlarged or dilated.[heart-valve-surgery.com]

  • Heart Failure

    Pleural effusion and cardiomegaly were observed. A laboratory analysis revealed anemia with iron deficiency and elevated human parvovirus B19 (B19V) immunoglobulin M.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Orthopnea may occur in any condition in which the vital capacity is low. Marked ascites, regardless of its etiology, is an important cause of orthopnea.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] on Management of Acute Myocardial Infarction).[doi.org]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    […] presence of Q waves or a new left bundle branch block (LBBB) are associated with higher rates of cardiac death or heart transplantation Radiology description Chest Xray: cardiomegaly[pathologyoutlines.com] Case 1: A 48-years-old, previously healthy male patient admitted to our clinic with complaints of acute onset of rest dyspnea and orthopnea, started the day before.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Localized Uptake of Antimyosin Antibody in Acute Myocardial Infarction.[nejm.org]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Autopsy showed mild cardiomegaly with microscopic foci of myocardial fibrosis and extensive contraction band necrosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient experienced orthopnea due to congestive heart failure and could not assume any other position.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] failure acute myocardial infarction angina pectoris cardiac arrest cardiovascular disease chest pains congestive heart failure coronary coronary infarction coronary thrombosis[thesaurus.com]

  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency

    […] rumble at the apex Bisferien's pulse (widely notched arterial pulse, sometimes palpable) Electrocardiogram Left ventricular hypertrophy Left atrial enlargement Chest X-ray Cardiomegaly[echocardiology.org] As the disease progresses, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea start to occur. Angina is predominantly nocturnal in these patients.[symptoma.com] Myocardial protection in the setting of acute myocardial infarction is challenging. Both antegrade and retrograde cardioplegia are usable in this setting.[doi.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Electrocardiogram showed right axis deviation, poor R-wave progression, and diffuse ST-segment elevation in the anterior leads, and cardiomegaly was observed by roentgenogram[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms: Patients with cardiomyopathy will typically present with dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, bilateral edema, and fatigue.[symptoma.com] Acute myocarditis may clinically mimic an acute myocardial infarction with chest pain.[radiologyassistant.nl]

  • Hypertensive Heart Disease

    […] malignant hypertensive heart disease malignant hypertensive heart disease (disorder) malignant hypertensive heart disease NOS (disorder) hypertensive cardiopathy hypertensive cardiomegaly[wikidata.org] Congestive heart failure can include: Fatigue Irregular pulse or palpitations Swelling of feet and ankles Weight gain Nausea Shortness of breath Difficulty sleeping flat in bed (orthopnea[en.wikipedia.org] infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    She was referred to our cardiology department due to a three-month history of progressively worsening exercise-induced dyspnea and orthopnea under optimal medical therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] HCM was also associated with a higher incidence of myocardial infarction ([MI] 1.90 [1.27-2.84]) and coronary revascularisation (2.32 [1.46-3.69]).The absolute Kaplan-Meier[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea are early signs of congestive heart failure.[symptoma.com]

  • Pericarditis

    […] findings, it is easily accessible with low radiation exposure) findings: Epicardial halo (luscent lines within the cardiopericardial shadow); Waterbottle silhouette (globular cardiomegaly[cancertherapyadvisor.com] There was no chest discomfort, orthopnea or paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. He did not have symptoms of cough, fever, foamy urine, or body weight loss.[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com] acute pericarditis from acute myocardial infarction.[bcmj.org]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    The two patients, 13- and 14-year-old boys, developed cardiomegaly and chest pain with vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If pericardial effusion symptoms do occur, they might include: Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing (dyspnea) Discomfort when breathing while lying down (orthopnea)[mayoclinic.com] Conclusions Among patients with cardiac tamponade, a minority will not have dyspnea, tachycardia, elevated jugular venous pressure, or cardiomegaly on chest radiograph.[jamanetwork.com]

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