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142 Possible Causes for Acute Pyelonephritis, Dehydration, Hypermagnesemia, Ketonuria

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Although neither ketoacidosis nor ketonuria was detected, the markedly acute onset of the hyperglycemia was consistent with the typical clinical course of fulminant type I[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Kidney, acute pyelonephritis, microscopic. Renal pelvis, infection with Candida albicans, PAS stain, microscopic.[library.med.utah.edu] The female infant, born to consanguineous parents (first cousins), weighing 2,300 grams at birth, presented with extreme dehydration and pale skin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Subsequently, hyperglycemia and glycosuria, but not ketonuria, occured.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Because of a preferential increase in 3-OHBA, ketonuria seemed to be absent in the regular nitroprusside test.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] - /- hyperventilation due to cerebral dehydration - /- focal neurological signs due to dehydration or thrombosis Investigation - marked hyperglycaemia.[aic.cuhk.edu.hk] Figure 1 Clearance of ketonuria in the first 24 h following admission to the intensive care unit, in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis Figure 1 Clearance of ketonuria in[academic.oup.com] Precipitants Myocardial infarction Stroke Infection Diabetogenic drugs corticosteroids thiazide diuretics Consequences Hypernatraemia because patients are dehydrated in pre-renal[zen104556.zen.co.uk]

    Missing: Acute Pyelonephritis
  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    If the mother is untreated to term, sudden worsening of hypercalcemia can result from loss of the placenta and dehydration Treatment Surgical treatment should be considered[shifrinmd.com] Holistic medicine Patients with aymptomatic PHPT undergoing surveillance should maintain adequate fluid intake and avoid dehydration and immobilization.[orthopaedicsone.com] But you should avoid a high-calcium diet and drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration.[nhs.uk] In this situation, dehydration needs to be corrected, usually with fluids given through an intravenous drip.[nhs.uk]

    Missing: Ketonuria
  • Isovaleric Acidemia

    Hyperglycemia, ketonemia, ketonuria and metabolic acidosis are the main clinical features of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and these same symptoms can also be seen in acute[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One year later, she presented with acute pyelonephritis that was treated with antibiotics.[atmph.org] This enzymatic deficiency leads to severe metabolic derangement, manifested clinically as vomiting, dehydration, and acidosis progressing to seizures, coma, and death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Primary, I, II ) Mineral Cu Wilson's disease / Menkes disease - Fe Haemochromatosis - Zn Acrodermatitis enteropathica - PO 4 3 Hypophosphatemia / Hypophosphatasia - Mg 2 Hypermagnesemia[wikidoc.org]

  • Acute Renal Failure

    We report a female infant with TSC who was admitted to hospital with pyelonephritis, acute kidney injury, and polycystic kidney disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] People who are dehydrated or at risk of dehydration may need to be given fluids through a drip.[nhs.uk] Mild asymptomatic hypermagnesemia is common in oliguric AKI as the result of impaired excretion of ingested magnesium.[renalandurologynews.com] pyelonephritis or septicemia Pregnancy complications, including placenta abruption or placenta previa Urinary tract blockage Illicit drugs such as cocaine and heroine Medicines[ufhealth.org]

    Missing: Ketonuria
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a complex metabolic state characterized by hyperglycemia, metabolic acidosis and ketonuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Emphysematous pyelonephritis is an acute necrotizing renal and perirenal infection, caused by gas forming organism.[omicsonline.org] She had moderated to severe dehydration but no hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] admission, the primary symptoms were nausea and dizziness, and he was hypertensive (170/103) and tachycardic (119 bpm) and had mild hyperglycaemia (15.3 mmol/l), severe ketonuria[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hypermagnesemia
  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    “Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations. 3rd edition”, Chapter 140 – Ketonuria.[ketogains.com] Be aware of treatment measures for dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Dehydration Increase fluids of any kind.[zanecohencentre.com] […] see it always... think how it starts and end...so it starts with p followed by q r s t so let's start from where it begins... p flat hyperkalemia pr prolonged hyperkalemia hypermagnesemia[allnurses.com] Hypomagnesemia Peripheral vasodilatation, paralysis, no deep tendon reflexes, coma, lethargy, respiratory depression, cardiac arrest if severe, hypotension, bradycardia Hypermagnesemia[memorize.com]

    Missing: Acute Pyelonephritis
  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    PARTICIPANTS: Women less than 20 weeks' pregnant with severe NVP and associated ketonuria ( 1 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] ovarian torsion gastroenteritis acute fatty liver disease of pregnancy cerebral tumor return to top Treatments Diet: small and frequent meals (5 or 6/day) bland foods (eg[sharinginhealth.ca] Be sure to watch for signs of dehydration if vomiting develops.[healthlinkbc.ca] Uncommon causes Acute fatty liver of pregnancy Addison disease Appendicitis Central nervous system tumors Degenerating uterine leiomyoma Diabetic ketoacidosis Hypercalcemia[aafp.org]

    Missing: Hypermagnesemia
  • Acute Myelocytic Leukemia

    These events were fever (n 3), congestive heart failure, dehydration, endocarditis, grand mal convulsion, polyarthritis, and aspergillosis.[doi.org]

    Missing: Ketonuria
  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Urinalysis and urine toxicology for the presence of opiates and cocaine metabolites, ketonuria or evidence of infection.[clinicaladvisor.com] Encourage the patient to take fluids to diminish the effects of dehydration.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Hypermagnesemia is known to inhibit the secretion of parathyroid hormone, 32 but it is not known whether increments in serum magnesium within the normal range as small as[nejm.org] […] themselves Dangers of alcohol poisoning If a person is poisoned by alcohol, they could: stop breathing have a heart attack die by choking on their own vomit become severely dehydrated[nhs.uk]

    Missing: Acute Pyelonephritis

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