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206 Possible Causes for Acute Respiratory Failure, Cough, Lip Cyanosis

  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    Here we describe the successful management of an IPF patient with acute respiratory failure (ARF) using a pump-assisted veno-venous system for extracorporeal CO2 removal ([ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The urge to cough cannot be relieved by coughing [ 9 ].[err.ersjournals.com] Acute interstitial pneumonia is characterized by rapid progressive dyspnoea degenerating into respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pneumonia

    Patients with pneumocystis pneumonia have a risk of progressing to acute respiratory failure necessitating admission to intensive care.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most common symptoms of pneumonia are: Cough (with some pneumonias you may cough up greenish or yellow mucus, or even bloody mucus) Fever, which may be mild or high Shaking[lung.org] We report the case of a 35-year-old quadriplegic male with confirmed Bordetella bronchiseptica pneumonia, manifesting with acute hypoxic respiratory failure on a background[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    (cyanosis) seen in them. [14] The hypoxia and fluid retention leads to them being called "Blue Bloaters."[physio-pedia.com] […] lower than those with other etiologies of acute respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cough and sputum production (symptoms of bronchitis) are common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Cyanosis (blue skin, lips, and nails caused by lack of oxygen to the tissues) is often seen.[umms.org] respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] with Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP); a 38 years old Caucasian female with HIV-HCV infection and L. pneumophila pneumonia; a 24 years old Caucasian male with fever, cough[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Drowning

    respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They include coughing, chest pain, difficulty breathing and feeling extremely tired.[thesun.co.uk] In this case report the authors describe a 71-year-old man who was brought to hospital with acute respiratory failure after a near-drowning accident.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Asthma

    (very pale or blue coloring in the face, lips, fingernails) Rapid movement of nostrils Ribs or stomach moving in and out deeply and rapidly Expanded chest that does not deflate[aafa.org] His arterial blood gas revealed type 1 respiratory failure (PaO2 8 kPa or 60 mm Hg with normal or low PaCO2) with a compensated lactic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She denied any chest pain, cough, fever, orthopnea, or leg swelling. She was afebrile and normotensive, and her physical examination was unremarkable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amniotic Fluid Embolism

    A 28-year-old female with a twin pregnancy at 29 6/7 weeks who was having premature uterine contractions developed acute respiratory failure due to sudden pulmonary oedema[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] But after the delivery of the placenta, the patient developed an episode of coughing and dyspnea followed by unconsciousness and bradycardia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Acute respiratory failure and hypotension combined with seizures were the initial symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Aspiration Pneumonia

    Pink-colored to red sputum (hemoptysis) Bluish tinge of the lips, fingers and/or toes (cyanosis) Causes Aspiration pneumonia is unlikely to arise in a healthy person who is[healthhype.com] Outcomes were complications (eg, acute respiratory failure) and hospital utilization (eg, length of stay, 30-day readmission).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a case of a female who presents with weight loss, cough and radiological findings of aspiration pneumonia and achalasia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Fibrosis

    (blue lips, nail beds, and sometimes skin due to lack of oxygen in the tissue) clubbing of the fingers (enlarged fingertips) Pulmonary fibrosis can lead to several severe[chealth.canoe.com] This was thought to be due predominantly to reduced hospitalisations for acute exacerbation and/or worsening respiratory function.[err.ersjournals.com] Lung cancer is usually presented with cough, dyspnea, pain and weight loss, which is overlapping with symptoms of other lung diseases such as pulmonary fibrosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Atelectasis

    Recently, we treated an immunocompromised patient with PNBA, who presented with a sudden onset of atelectasis and acute respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The cough mode interrupts the vibration mode and forces secretions towards the pharynx. The lateral decubitus position was useful for postural drainage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These include hypoxaemia, reduced lung compliance, pulmonary infections, and acute respiratory failure.[teachmesurgery.com]

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