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2,725 Possible Causes for Acute Respiratory Failure, Decreased Vital Capacity, Severely Disproportionate Short Stature

  • Kyphoscoliosis

    Sue displayed a restrictive lung pattern, evidenced by a decreased vital capacity and tidal volume with severe nocturnal dyspnoea, resulting in raised carbon dioxide levels[] short-limb short stature Hydrops fetalis Short palm Enlargement of the proximal femoral epiphysis Decreased cervical spine mobility Osteopenia Sloping forehead Skeletal dysplasia[] Patients with scoliosis suffer from restrictive lung disease which decreases vital capacity, functional residual capacity, tidal volume, and increased respiratory rate. [4[]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Other test abnormalities may include Increased total lung capacity Increased functional residual capacity Increased residual volume Decreased vital capacity Decreased single-breath[] The prognosis of acute respiratory failure requiring invasive mechanical ventilation is believed to be grim in this population.[] […] forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity (FEV 1 /FVC) ratio.[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    respiratory failure.[] KEYWORDS: ARDS; Acute respiratory distress syndrome; acute respiratory failure; critical illness; ventilator-associated lung injury[] NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia has established a state-of-the-art program dedicated to ARDS: the Center for Acute Respiratory Failure.[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Pneumothorax

    The main physiologic consequences of a pneumothorax are a decrease in vital capacity and a decrease in partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2 ).[] Ultrasonography (US) has found its way into the critical care and emergency settings for the evaluation of acute respiratory failure conditions in recent years.[] This reduces the size of the lungs equivalent to the amount of gas decreasing the vital capacity of the lung and reducing the partial pressure of oxygen.[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

    A decrease in vital capacity of 30 to 50% when the patient is supine supports the diagnosis of bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis, whereas a decrease in vital capacity of 10[] Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection in a malnourished 6-year-old boy was characterized by severe diarrhea, dehydration and marked hypokalemia, followed by acute respiratory[] […] in TLC, vital capacity (VC), and FRC but without changes in residual volume (RV). 5,6 The severity of compression is directly related to the degree of kyphoscoliotic angulation[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis

    Vital capacity, functional residual capacity, total lung capacity, and forced vital capacity (FVC) all are reduced.[] In these patients, the central drive is not decreased. 1 Acute and chronic respiratory failure, pulmonary hypertension, and cor pulmonale eventually ensue.[] This was thought to be due predominantly to reduced hospitalisations for acute exacerbation and/or worsening respiratory function.[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Pleural Effusion

    Herein we report the case of a child affected by Pfeiffer syndrome and hydrocephalus, shunted at the age of 3 months, who developed acute respiratory failure due to a right-sided[] Lichtenstein DA, Meziere GA (2008) Relevance of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of acute respiratory failure: the BLUE protocol.[] […] unwell patients Pleurodesis Medical or VATs Complications of pleural effusion Respiratory failure Infection and empyema Prognosis of pleural effusion Dependent on underlying[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    respiratory failure.[] […] pulmonary edema and resulting in acute respiratory failure; see also acute respiratory distress syndrome. respiratory care 1. the health care profession providing, under[] Crit Care Med 24 : 1208–1214 10 Quintel M, Heine M, Hirschl RB, Tillmanns R, Wessendorf V 1998 Effects of partial liquid ventilation on lung injury in a model of acute respiratory[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    capacity less than 60 percent predicted. 22 One retrospective study 21 demonstrated a 40 percent decrease from predicted vital capacity, compared with a 60 percent decrease[] CASE REPORT: An 82-year-old woman presented with acute ascending flaccid paralysis and acute respiratory failure.[] Early intubation should be considered in any patient with a vital capacity (VC) 20 ml/kg, a Negative Inspiratory Force (NIF) –25 cm H2O, more than a 30% decrease in either[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Myasthenia Gravis

    Monitoring arterial pO 2 or oxygen saturation is not enough, as vital capacity can decrease markedly before these parameters change.[] respiratory failure after a 12-day hospitalization.[] Measures such as vital capacity and blood gas levels have limited value, since deterioration can be rapid and unexpected as a result of the characteristic myasthenic fatigability[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature