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86 Possible Causes for Acute Respiratory Failure, Descending Paralysis

  • Botulism

    […] tetraparesis and respiratory failure hypotonia head lag ptosis reduced facial expression reduced suck and swallow loss of reflexes slowly improves after weeks Adult intestinal[] Clostridium botulinum is known to cause descending paralysis in infants throughout the world.[] A 47-year-old white woman and her 51-year-old white husband presented with paralysis of multiple cranial nerves and rapidly descending paralysis approximately 72 hours after[]

  • Infantile Botulism

    Infantile botulism is a recently recognized cause of acute hypotonic paresis and respiratory failure in young infants.[] Note that, in many cases, descending paralysis may be absent.[] […] tetraparesis and respiratory failure hypotonia head lag ptosis reduced facial expression reduced suck and swallow loss of reflexes slowly improves after weeks Adult intestinal[]

  • Intravenous Drug Abuse

    Patients with talcosis can be asymptomatic or present with acute respiratory failure.[] It presents as a descending paralysis and can be fatal. The classic 'four Ds' symptoms comprise diplopia, dysphagia, dysarthria and dysphonia.[] , and potentially fatal paralysis, set off by the neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum that germinates in the lesions.[]

  • Tick Paralysis

    It typically presents as an acute ascending paralysis occurring a few days after tick attachment and may result in respiratory failure and death.[] […] that the acute ascending or rare descending type of paralysis originally described by Landry is simply a form of poliomyelitis, whereas others contend that Landry's paralysis[] failure and death.[]

  • Ganglionic Blocker

    Death occurs from respiratory paralysis of the diaphragm and chest muscle resulting from descending paralysis and depolarisation block of the neuromuscular junction.[]

  • Deliberate Exposure to Botulinum Toxin

    Herpes simplex Condition Clinical features Diagnosis Botulism Acute bilateral symmetrical, descending paralysis.[] Very small amounts of botulinum toxin can lead to botulism, a descending paralysis with prominent bulbar symptoms and often affecting the autonomic nervous system.[] Conclusions: An aerosolized or foodborne botulinum toxin weapon would cause acute symmetric, descending flaccid paralysis with prominent bulbar palsies such as diplopia, dysarthria[]

  • Phrenic Nerve Palsy

    Subsequent to this operation the patient was in acute respiratory failure due to bilateral phrenic palsy.[] (similar to tick paralysis and in contrast to descending paralysis seen in botulism and paralytic-neurotoxic shellfish poisoning) Hypothyroidism (see Hypothyroidism ) Hypothyroidism-associated[] The patient developed acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation and a prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay.[]

  • Adult Primary Lateral Sclerosis

    Respiratory Failure in Patients With Neuromuscular Disorders Terminated NCT00839033 Phase 3 15 Neuroprotection and Natural History in Parkinson's Plus Syndromes (NNIPPS)[] References Mills CK: Unilateral ascending paralysis and unilateral descending paralysis. JAMA 1906;47:1638-1645.[] Acute respiratory failure has been reported. [ 7 ] Some patients with pseudobulbar palsy may have 'emotional incontinence', an over-reaction to sad or funny events that they[]

  • Hypoventilation

    Neuromuscular Junction Disease (Involving Respiratory Muscles) Myasthenia Gravis (see Myasthenia Gravis , [[Myasthenia Gravis]]): acute ventilatory failure may be the initial[] […] hypercapnic respiratory failure.[] […] syndrome Patients postintubation or decannulation following treatment requiring acute hypercapnic respiratory failure Patients undergoing renal replacement therapy Critical[]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Approximately 30% of patients require intubation and ventilation because of respiratory failure.[] paralysis) Heavy metal intoxication (confusion, psychosis, organic brain syndrome) Hypophosphatemia (irritable, apprehensive, hyperventilation, normal cerebrospinal fluid[] Hyper-acute Guillain-Barrà Syndrome presenting as respiratory failure. Jour Ind Acad Cli Med., 2012; 13(1): 70-71. 23. Hadden RDM, Cornblath DR, Huges RAC, et al.[]

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