Create issue ticket

49 Possible Causes for Acute Respiratory Failure, Hyperreflexia, Long Tract Signs

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[] This 15-year-old patient presented with right shoulder pain in the absence of the fever, back pain, or long-tract signs; therefore, the diagnosis of the spinal pathology was[] A patient’s reflexes may vary from being absent to hyperreflexia with clonus (rhythmic muscle spasms or contractions) and extensor plantar responses (a/k/a Babinski responses[]

  • Myelopathy

    Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[] Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    On further evaluation, she was found to have hypoxic and hypercapnic respiratory failure and was placed on bilevel positive airway pressure ventilation.[] […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

    Indications for intubation in spinal cord injury are acute respiratory failure, decreased level of consciousness (Glasgow score 9), increased respiratory rate with hypoxia[] While the cause of oculosympathetic spasm remains speculative, it may represent a localized form of autonomic hyperreflexia.[] Causes of death included respiratory failure with concomitant hypoxemia and acid–base disorders resulting in cardiac arrhythmia and cardiac arrest ( n 95); multiple organ[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Irritative or obstructive bladder symptoms, as a result of spinal lesions causing detrusor hyperreflexia and incomplete bladder emptying, can be treated with oral anticholinergic[]

  • Tricyclic Antidepressant Overdose

    failure, paralysis Airway protection and IPPV, atropine, pralidoxime Opioid Heroin, morphine CNS and respiratory depression, small pupils Hypothermia, bradycardia, respiratory[] Overdose presents with a sinus tachycardia, mydriasis, coma, hyperreflexia, convulsions, ECG changes, and hypotension.[] […] arrest, acute lung injury Airway protection, IPPV naloxone Salicylates Aspirin Altered mental status, respiratory alkalosis, metabolic acidosis, tinnitus, hyperpnoea, tachycardia[]

  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type I

    PubMed Central PubMed Google Scholar Alvarez D, Requena I, Arias M, Valdés L, Pereiso I, De la Torre R: Acute respiratory failure as the first sign of Arnold-Chiari malformation[] Upper spinal cord compression will cause long tract signs (hyperreflexia, Hoffman’s sign, clonus and Babinski’s reflex).[] Upper spinal cord compression will cause long tract signs (hyperreflexia, Hoffman’s sign, clonus and Babinski’s reflex).[]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    An 82-year-old woman presented with acute ascending flaccid paralysis and acute respiratory failure.[] tract signs pharyngeal-cervical-brachial arm weakness, dysphagia and facial weakness pandysautonomia diarrhoea, vomiting, dizziness, abdominal pain, ileus, orthostatic hypotension[] , some researchers have suggested that the presence of hyperreflexia is sufficient to diagnose BBE even in the absence of hypersomnolence, because both features indicate CNS[]

  • Cervical Spine Fracture

    The most common cause of death with acute cervical spinal cord injury is respiratory failure.[] Patients with chronic spinal cord lesions above T-6 are particularly at risk for this response: 85 % will display autonomic hyperreflexia at some time during the course of[] Hyperreflexia, clonus, Babinski signs, and Hoffmann signs indicate spinal cord compression, although areflexia is common initially in an emergency injury.[]

  • Stiff-Person Syndrome

    Acute respiratory failure manifesting with apneic episodes is a life-threatening and unpredictable complication of SPS. Its pathophysiology is not well known.[] long tracts of the spinal cord.[] SYMPTOMS The most common signs are: - hyperreflexia reflexive integrity can be assessed via deep tendon reflexes (as well as resistance to passive stretch), grading it by[]

Similar symptoms