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81 Possible Causes for Acute Respiratory Failure, Long Tract Signs

  • Myelopathy

    Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

    Indications for intubation in spinal cord injury are acute respiratory failure, decreased level of consciousness (Glasgow score 9), increased respiratory rate with hypoxia[] Causes of death included respiratory failure with concomitant hypoxemia and acid–base disorders resulting in cardiac arrhythmia and cardiac arrest ( n 95); multiple organ[] […] failure ( n 6), sudden cardiac arrest ( n 5), and acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage ( n 3).[]

  • Tricyclic Antidepressant Overdose

    failure, paralysis Airway protection and IPPV, atropine, pralidoxime Opioid Heroin, morphine CNS and respiratory depression, small pupils Hypothermia, bradycardia, respiratory[] […] arrest, acute lung injury Airway protection, IPPV naloxone Salicylates Aspirin Altered mental status, respiratory alkalosis, metabolic acidosis, tinnitus, hyperpnoea, tachycardia[] […] carbamates Salivation, lacrimation, sweating, nausea, vomiting, urination, defaecation, muscle weakness, bronchorrhoea Bradycardia, dilated or constricted pupils, seizures, respiratory[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is one of the most common forms of motor neuron diseases. It is also known as “Lou Gehrig's disease”, after a well-known baseball player in New York. The hallmark of the disease is a mixed upper and lower motor neuropathy that is progressive over time. The upper motor signs[…][]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Multiple sclerosis (MS, disseminated sclerosis, encephalomyelitis disseminata) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Multiple sclerosis is divided into the following categories: Relapsing-remitting MS, Secondary progressive MS, Primary progressive MS and Progressive-relapsing MS. Individuals[…][]

  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type I

    Chiari I is associated with deaths following minor trauma, with acute respiratory failure, and with transient quadriparesis occurring in contact sports.[] Upper spinal cord compression will cause long tract signs (hyperreflexia, Hoffman’s sign, clonus and Babinski’s reflex).[] PubMed Central PubMed Google Scholar Alvarez D, Requena I, Arias M, Valdés L, Pereiso I, De la Torre R: Acute respiratory failure as the first sign of Arnold-Chiari malformation[]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    A spinal epidural abscess is a potentially life-threatening bacterial infection of the epidural space, due to its insidious onset and nonspecific symptoms of fever, back pain and malaise. The diagnosis is often delayed, and radiculopathy accompanied by severe disability or even paralysis are seen in severe stages of[…][]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Hyper-acute Guillain-Barrà Syndrome presenting as respiratory failure. Jour Ind Acad Cli Med., 2012; 13(1): 70-71. 23. Hadden RDM, Cornblath DR, Huges RAC, et al.[] tract signs pharyngeal-cervical-brachial arm weakness, dysphagia and facial weakness pandysautonomia diarrhoea, vomiting, dizziness, abdominal pain, ileus, orthostatic hypotension[] […] or respiratory failure.[]

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Six patients (35.3%), including three with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, died owing to acute respiratory failure.[] The motility abnormalities usually arise from vasculitic or ischaemic events within the brainstem and are frequently associated with both cranial nerve and long tract signs[]

  • Radiculomyelopathy

    Acute respiratory failure has been reported. [ 7 ] Some patients with pseudobulbar palsy may have 'emotional incontinence', an over-reaction to sad or funny events that they[] It should, nevertheless, be considered in the differential diagnosis of urinary retention, with or without long-tract signs, in young patients.[] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[]

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