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230 Possible Causes for Addison's Disease, Hyperkalemia, Orthostatic Hypotension

  • Addison's Disease

    Orthostatic hypotension, fever, and hypoglycemia characterize acute adrenal crisis, whereas chronic primary adrenal insufficiency presents with a more insidious history of[] Source:MedicineNet Hyperkalemia - Hyperkalemia is too much potassium in the blood. It can be caused by a variety of factors.[] Addison’s disease is a chronic clinical disease characterized by the progressive decline in the function of the adrenal glands.[]

  • Addisonian Crisis

    hypotension ( G90.3 ) orthostatic hypotension ( I95.1 ) postprocedural shock ( T81.1- ) psychogenic syncope ( F48.8 ) shock NOS ( R57.9 ) shock complicating or following[] Aldosterone is the first-line defense against hyperkalemia.[] Addison’s disease. Mayo Clinic website. . Accessed December 29, 2014. Adrenal Insufficiency and Addison’s Disease.[]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Orthostatic hypotension and salt craving can be prominent in primary insufficiency due to aldosterone deficiency leading to profound volume depletion.[] Hyperkalemia, low cortisol and high adrenocorticotropic hormone levels were found, indicating adrenal insufficiency.[] Autoimmune adrenal insufficiency (Addison disease) is more common in female individuals than in male individuals and in adults than children, whereas adrenal insufficiency[]

  • Hyporeninemic Hypoaldosteronism

    hypotension, and in those with hypoaldosteronism [1].[] Results suggest that HH is an overlooked cause of hyperkalemia, especially in patients whose hyperkalemia is unexplained.[] A 60-year-old man presented with loss of weight and appetite, eosinophilia, and hyperkalemia consistent with a diagnosis of Addison's disease.[]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency Secondary to Hypopituitarism

    hypotension, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hyponatremia, hypoglycemia, mild anemia, increased WBCs, eosinophilia 2 0 adrenal insufficiency Pallor of skin, amenorrhea, libido[] Patients with primary adrenal insufficiency also tend to develop hyperpigmentation of the skin, mild hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis.[] There are some very rare syndromes (several diseases that occur together) that can cause autoimmune adrenal insufficiency.[]

  • Autoimmune Adrenal Insufficiency

    Common symptoms of adrenal insufficiency include fatigue, weakness, weight loss, low blood pressure (sometimes seen as orthostatic hypotension), anxiety, nausea, vomiting,[] Initial laboratory values were notable for hyperkalemia of 9.3 mmol/L, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, non-anion gap metabolic acidosis, mild peripheral eosinophilia, and random[] There are some very rare syndromes (several diseases that occur together) that can cause autoimmune adrenal insufficiency.[]

  • Hyponatremia

    Patients presenting with orthostatic hypotension and normal plasma sodium concentrations are frequently admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of dehydration.[] The laboratory findings showed severe hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and renal dysfunction. The patient started inotropic support and antibiotics.[] We present the case of an Addison's disease revealed by a serious hyponatremia.[]

  • Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 2

    She, frequently experienced symptoms and signs of orthostatic hypotension, with a systolic blood pressure of 80 -100mmHg.[] The only blood chemistry abnormalities were hyponatremia (125 mEq/L) and hyperkalemia (6.8 mEq/L).[] Key words: polyglandular autoimmune syndrome, Schmidt’s syndrome, Addison’s disease, autoimmune thyroid disease, diabetes mellitus type 1.[]

  • Adrenal Hemorrhage

    Orthostatic hypotension is present in approximately 20% of patients with extensive, bilateral adrenal hemorrhage.[] […] happen in the postoperative period.30 Routine laboratory test results that may suggest the diagnosis of adrenal hemorrhage are a sudden drop in hematocrit, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia[] Acute adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease) caused by hemorrhage within the adrenal cortices, although still uncommon, can be expected to increase as anticoagulation prophylaxis[]

  • Adrenal Infarction

    Clinical ManifestationsUnexplained hypotension, weight loss, fatigue.Primary and Sec AI Fatigue, weakness, anorexia, weight loss N/V/D, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension[] Usually normalized w/ fluids and steroid replacement Monitor K Q2-3 hours as may fall during initial rehydration See Core EM post on Hyperkalemia for further management Prevention[] Other causes of Addison disease are infectious diseases, including fungal infections (e.g., histoplasmosis ) and viral infections (e.g., cytomegalovirus ).[]

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