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197 Possible Causes for Adiponectin Increased

  • Cold Exposure

    A 120-minute period of cold exposure is accompanied by a significant increase in adiponectin levels in young healthy men.[] Or in simple terms – cold increases adiponectin, adiponectin burns fat 2. CT helps shunt blood glucose into muscle helping speed up recovery times 4.[] In study 2, adiponectin levels increased by approximately 70% during cold exposure after both low- and high-CHO diets (effect of time, P .05).[]

  • Metabolic Syndrome

    , reduced visceral adipose mass, reduced plasma triglycerides, and increased HDL-cholesterol).[] The paracrine effects of adiponectin can increase insulin sensitivity by increasing fat β-oxidation and energy expenditure on skeletal muscle[ 265 ].[] Adiponectin influences plasma lipoprotein levels by altering the levels and activity of key enzymes (lipoprotein lipase and hepatic lipase) responsible for the catabolism[]

  • Essential Hypertension

    Blockade of the RAS with either an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin II receptor blocker results in a substantial increase in adiponectin levels and[] Blockade of the renin–angiotensin system increases adiponectin concentrations in patients with essential hypertension.[] Blockade of the renin–angiotensin system increases adiponectin concentrations in patients with essential hypertension .[]

  • Hypertension

    adiponectin 206 and lowering C-reactive protein.[] […] by endothelial dysfunction caused by high LDLs, free fatty acids, 97 endothelin-l, inadequate vasodilatory effects of insulin, or decreased levels of adiponectin 98 and natriuretic[] […] peptides. 99 Importantly, increased arterial stiffness in the metabolic syndrome is not the consequence of fully established diabetes, but rather caused by subtle hormonal[]

  • Insulin Resistance

    This means that other mechanisms, such as increased intestinal gluconeogenesis or increased adiponectin, may be involved in the promotion of improved insulin sensitivity.[] INTRODUCTION: Visceral adiposity is associated with decreased serum adiponectin levels, peripheral resistance to insulin and an increased risk of cardio-metabolic complications[] Expression of hepatic adiponectin is decreased in NASH patients while expression of hepatic adiponectin and its receptors are increased after weight loss [ 47 ].[]

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

    An increase in these inflammatory cytokines in patients with erosive esophagitis and Barrett’s esophagus has also been observed[ 34 ].[] In fact, visceral fat is metabolically active[ 33 ] and it has been associated with low serum levels of protective cytokines, such as adiponectin, and high levels of inflammatory[] This tissue, in fact, is recognized to be metabolically active and it has been associated with elevated serum levels of pro-inflammatory adipokines (IL-6, TNF-α and adiponectin[]

  • Obesity

    The various mechanisms by which obesity may cause thrombosis include: the actions of so-called adipocytokines from adipose tissue, e.g. leptin and adiponectin; increased activity[] One potential contributor to improved glycaemic control with rimonabant is an increase in adiponectin. w29 Further data are needed, ideally from head to head clinical trials[]

  • Pregnancy

    In the blood, a GF diet decreases the level of proinflammatory cytokines and adipokines and increases the anti-inflammatory adiponectin.[] […] lipid metabolism, and thus increased expression of adiponectin and glucose transporter 4 ( GLUT-4 ) i.e., improved insulin sensitivity [ 149 ].[] […] of the anti-inflammatory adipokine adiponectin, together with reduced body weight, epididymal fat stores, fasting glucose, and insulin [ 149 ].[]

  • Arthritis

    Moreover, OCN modulates the expression of adiponectin and leptin in adipocytes, suggesting that it may control an intimate link between bone and fat [23].[] Moreover, OCN functions in vitro on pancreatic β-islet cells to stimulate insulin production and secretion and on muscle to increase insulin-mediated glucose uptake [20].[]

  • Osteoarthritis

    Adiponectin levels showed negative correlation with the cartilage volume in the medial compartment and femur.[] The elevated levels of adipsin and leptin were correlated to the increased cartilage volume in the global knee and medial femur.[]

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