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18 Possible Causes for Agent Orange, Goiter, Thyroid Nodule

  • Thyroid Lymphoma

    METHODS: The sonographic findings for 13 surgically proven primary thyroid lymphomas were analyzed and compared to those for 27 nodular goiters.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most frequent clinical presentation was a palpable thyroid nodule. All patients with lymphoma died.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thirteen (60%) patients presented with thyroid nodule(s). Eleven (50%) presented with aerodigestive tract obstructive symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Thyroid Cancer

    Chest goiter removal removes goiters (enlarged thyroid) that extend into the chest.[dukehealth.org] Follow-Up of Thyroid Nodules R14–R15 1176 [A16] Medical therapy for benign thyroid nodules R16–R17 1176 [A17] Thyroid nodules in children R18 1176 [A18] Thyroid nodules in[dx.doi.org] Orange is significantly higher than in the general VHA population.[emedicine.com]

  • Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma

    The patient was also found to have associated amyloid goiter. Mass spectrometry of the amyloid showed it to be composed of kappa light chains.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: To prospectively evaluate the role of procalcitonin (PCT) in screening of patients with thyroid nodules for medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Orange is significantly higher than in the general VHA population.[emedicine.com]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Thyroid ultrasound showed a diffuse goiter in both lobes of her thyroid gland.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Services Our multi-disciplinary team work across the following speciality areas: Diabetes mellitus Thyroid nodules/thyroid cancer Neuroendocrine tumours (MDT includes adrenal[stvincents.ie] For example, dioxin—a contaminant of the herbicide Agent Orange, used during the Vietnam War—may be linked to the development of type 2 diabetes.[web.archive.org]

  • Methimazole

    Complete resolution of the fetal goiter was observed at 35 weeks gestation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , goiters, thyroid nodules, and thyroid...[medicinenet.com] agent • Maculopapular rash (orange spots on agent's suit) • Agranulocytosis (think of the sand timer in the background with the self-destruct sequence initiated) • Aplastic[brainscape.com]

  • Agranulocytosis

    Other disorders of the thyroid include nodules, goiters, and carcinoma, which is relatively uncommon.[primeinc.org] Vietnam veterans exposed to Agent Orange are at risk of developing MDS.[en.wikipedia.org] The results from the ultrasonograph showed diffuse goiter and normal liver.[spandidos-publications.com]

  • Pituitary Adenoma

    A 67-year-old woman with a history of operated pituitary macroadenoma presented with symptoms of hyperthyroidism including a large goiter.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Amelia Rogozinski, Alejandra Furioso, Patricia Glikman, Marcelo Junco, Rosa Laudi, Adriana Reyes and Alicia Lowenstein, Thyroid nodules in acromegaly, Arquivos Brasileiros[doi.org] A dye (contrast agent) may be injected into your bloodstream (Fig. 3). Figure 3.[mayfieldclinic.com]

  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

    CTA chest showed pulmonary embolus and incidental goiter with mild tracheal compression.[neurology.org] The ultrasonography showed retrosternal goitre with heterogeneous parenchyma and nodules with cystic-necrotic degeneration.[endocrine-abstracts.org] Axial contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of upper chest shows encasement and compression of superior vena cava (red arrow) by tumor (orange arrow).[karger.com]

  • Monoclonal Gammapathy

    In this group, 3 women aged approximately 60 years with toxic multinodular goiters had an MIg (2 IgGλ and 1 IgAλ) that was detected only by immunofixation.[jamanetwork.com] Researchers from MSK provided the first direct evidence linking Vietnam veterans exposed to Agent Orange with MGUS. MGUS can be precancerous.[mskcc.org] All others had cytologically benign cold thyroid nodules.[jamanetwork.com]

  • OSLAM Syndrome

    Definition / general Autoimmune disease with goiter, elevated circulating antithyroid peroxidase and antithyroglobulin antibodies First described by Hakaru Hashimoto in 1912[pathologyoutlines.com] It was a difficult loss and the scars still remain, visible in the number of homeless veterans and those still suffering the effects of handling Agent Orange.[thenorwichradical.com] Treatment Often no treatment needed, thyroid hormone for hypothyroidism (may remain euthyroid after 1 year when drug is withdrawn), subtotal thyroidectomy to relieve mass[pathologyoutlines.com]

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