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21 Possible Causes for Agitated Delirium, Apnea, Lip Smacking

  • Epilepsy

    […] and stop gradually rather than abruptly Last longer than 10 seconds Are more likely to cause falling May include automatisms such as blinking, eye fluttering, lip smacking[] Co-morbid sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, and the parasomnias, occur frequently in people with epilepsy.[] […] identified in a 5-year-old boy with developmental delay associated with Rett-like features including stereotypic hand movements and respiratory abnormalities with episode of apnea[]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    In patient 2, delirium and temporal disorientation out of proportion with the septic state pointed towards encephalitis rather than meningitis.[] He also had intermittent lip smacking movements, suggesting seizure activity.[] Other signs, which can occur singly or in combination, include temperature instability, lethargy, hypotonia, respiratory distress, apnea, and seizures.[]

  • Postictal State

    We review risk factors for postictal delirium and psychosis and management of agitated and confused behaviors in patients after seizures.[] smacking chewing.[] Sleep apnea in pregnancy may also cause placental hypoxia.[]

  • Stroke

    Those kinds of episodes can be accompanied by behavior that looks intentional but is not (such as lip smacking, picking at clothes, etc.).[] Jäkälä, Juha Töyräs, Sami Myllymaa, Esa Mervaala, Katja Myllymaa ERJ Open Research 2017 3: P79; DOI: 10.1183/23120541.sleepandbreathing-2017.P79 Abstract Obstructive sleep apnea[] Sleep apnea is defined as being present if the AHI is 5 events per hour, and an increasing AHI indicates increasing sleep apnea severity. 267 The prevalence of sleep apnea[]

  • Status Epilepticus

    […] mistaken for delirium or psychosis -Lethargy/confusion attributed to postictal state -Sudden focal weakness, or aphasia, attributed to stroke In certain circumstances, witnessed[] (particularly when this is uncommon for the child) Features include altered mental state, confusion, unresponsiveness, abnormal (often subtle) motor movements, twitches, lip-smacking[] Breathing: Hypoxemia may result from respiratory depression/apnea, aspiration, airway obstruction, and neurogenic pulmonary edema [41]. • All children with SE should have[]

  • Hyoscyamus Niger Poisoning

    […] reversing delirium.[] Scopola (Japanese Belladonna)-chemically identical with Hyoscine (Joyous delirium, licking of lips and smacking of mouth; sleepless; tries to get out of bed; sees cats, picks[] The alkaloids in the plant can overstimulate the central nervous system, leading to convulsions, manic episodes, heart arrhythmia, apnea, and coma (Alizadeh et al. 2014).[]

  • Isopropyl Alcohol Poisoning

    She developed eye blinking, lip smacking and generalized seizure activity, which was treated with phenobarbital.[] MARCH 07, 2017 Ingestion of alcohol-based hand sanitizer can cause serious adverse effects in children, which may include apnea, acidosis, and coma.[] Toxic effect included spontaneous emesis (24/26), ataxia (5/26), altered mental status (3/26) and apnea (1/26).[]

  • Extrapyramidal Disorder

    Delirium Anticholinergic effects, sympatholytic effects, metabolic effects, and sedation dominate EPS less common Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) Clozapine Olanzapine[] Tardive dyskinesia may include lip smacking, fly-catching movement of the tongue, eye blinking, finger movements and arm and leg movements.[] SSRI class medications on oromandibular structures comes from a study in 1999, which examined the acute effects of paroxetine on genioglossus activity in obstructive sleep apnea[]

  • Catatonia

    The excited form is marked by excitement, continuous agitation, and delirium [1]. Cognitive and affective changes are also present in patients with catatonia [8, 4].[] smacking, inappropriate verbal usage, hand tremors and sweaty palms possibly due to side effects of psychiatric medication and repetitive eye movements.[] They include (1) the risk of hypoventilation in obese patients or those with obstructive sleep apnea, (2) falls in elderly patients or those with balance problems after they[]

  • Levodopa

    , and delirium.[] Call your doctor at once if you have: uncontrolled muscle movements in your face (chewing, lip smacking, frowning, tongue movement, blinking or eye movement); worsening of[] PSG showed a reduction of the number of awakenings in sleep, a trend towards a lower apnea-hypopnea index and no change in sleep latency, total sleep time and sleep efficiency[]

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