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21 Possible Causes for Agitated Delirium, Apnea, Lip Smacking

  • Epilepsy

    […] and stop gradually rather than abruptly Last longer than 10 seconds Are more likely to cause falling May include automatisms such as blinking, eye fluttering, lip smacking[verywell.com] Co-morbid sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, and the parasomnias, occur frequently in people with epilepsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] identified in a 5-year-old boy with developmental delay associated with Rett-like features including stereotypic hand movements and respiratory abnormalities with episode of apnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    In patient 2, delirium and temporal disorientation out of proportion with the septic state pointed towards encephalitis rather than meningitis.[virologyj.biomedcentral.com] He also had intermittent lip smacking movements, suggesting seizure activity.[karger.com] Other signs, which can occur singly or in combination, include temperature instability, lethargy, hypotonia, respiratory distress, apnea, and seizures.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Postictal State

    We review risk factors for postictal delirium and psychosis and management of agitated and confused behaviors in patients after seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] smacking chewing.[lopezdonado.bandcamp.com] Sleep apnea in pregnancy may also cause placental hypoxia.[practicalneurology.com]

  • Stroke

    Those kinds of episodes can be accompanied by behavior that looks intentional but is not (such as lip smacking, picking at clothes, etc.).[urmc.rochester.edu] Jäkälä, Juha Töyräs, Sami Myllymaa, Esa Mervaala, Katja Myllymaa ERJ Open Research 2017 3: P79; DOI: 10.1183/23120541.sleepandbreathing-2017.P79 Abstract Obstructive sleep apnea[openres.ersjournals.com] Sleep apnea is defined as being present if the AHI is 5 events per hour, and an increasing AHI indicates increasing sleep apnea severity. 267 The prevalence of sleep apnea[doi.org]

  • Status Epilepticus

    […] mistaken for delirium or psychosis -Lethargy/confusion attributed to postictal state -Sudden focal weakness, or aphasia, attributed to stroke In certain circumstances, witnessed[cancertherapyadvisor.com] (particularly when this is uncommon for the child) Features include altered mental state, confusion, unresponsiveness, abnormal (often subtle) motor movements, twitches, lip-smacking[dontforgetthebubbles.com] Breathing: Hypoxemia may result from respiratory depression/apnea, aspiration, airway obstruction, and neurogenic pulmonary edema [41]. • All children with SE should have[indianpediatrics.net]

  • Hyoscyamus Niger Poisoning

    […] reversing delirium.[panafrican-med-journal.com] Scopola (Japanese Belladonna)-chemically identical with Hyoscine (Joyous delirium, licking of lips and smacking of mouth; sleepless; tries to get out of bed; sees cats, picks[homeoint.org] The alkaloids in the plant can overstimulate the central nervous system, leading to convulsions, manic episodes, heart arrhythmia, apnea, and coma (Alizadeh et al. 2014).[sites.evergreen.edu]

  • Isopropyl Alcohol Poisoning

    She developed eye blinking, lip smacking and generalized seizure activity, which was treated with phenobarbital.[nature.com] MARCH 07, 2017 Ingestion of alcohol-based hand sanitizer can cause serious adverse effects in children, which may include apnea, acidosis, and coma.[pharmacytimes.com] Toxic effect included spontaneous emesis (24/26), ataxia (5/26), altered mental status (3/26) and apnea (1/26).[nature.com]

  • Extrapyramidal Disorder

    Delirium Anticholinergic effects, sympatholytic effects, metabolic effects, and sedation dominate EPS less common Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) Clozapine Olanzapine[amboss.com] Tardive dyskinesia may include lip smacking, fly-catching movement of the tongue, eye blinking, finger movements and arm and leg movements.[healthfoxx.com] SSRI class medications on oromandibular structures comes from a study in 1999, which examined the acute effects of paroxetine on genioglossus activity in obstructive sleep apnea[pocketdentistry.com]

  • Catatonia

    The excited form is marked by excitement, continuous agitation, and delirium [1]. Cognitive and affective changes are also present in patients with catatonia [8, 4].[nabis.org] smacking, inappropriate verbal usage, hand tremors and sweaty palms possibly due to side effects of psychiatric medication and repetitive eye movements.[corticalchauvinism.com] They include (1) the risk of hypoventilation in obese patients or those with obstructive sleep apnea, (2) falls in elderly patients or those with balance problems after they[doi.org]

  • Levodopa

    , and delirium.[rytaryhcp.com] Call your doctor at once if you have: uncontrolled muscle movements in your face (chewing, lip smacking, frowning, tongue movement, blinking or eye movement); worsening of[uwhealth.org] PSG showed a reduction of the number of awakenings in sleep, a trend towards a lower apnea-hypopnea index and no change in sleep latency, total sleep time and sleep efficiency[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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