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20 Possible Causes for Agitated Delirium, Edema, Nocturnal Leg Cramp

  • Hyponatremia

    The brain’s adaptive response to protect itself from edema occurs over several days.[emedicine.com] She never regained consciousness and died of severe cerebral edema less than 24 hours later.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] When extracellular osmolality decreases, water influx occurs in the brain resulting in cerebral edema.[emedicine.com]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    No lower extremity edema is present. Neurologic examination reveals no focal deficits.[clinicalgate.com] A few years ago, researchers in the United Kingdom found that 300 mg of supplemental magnesium reduced nighttime or nocturnal leg cramps in individuals who suffered chronic[eletewater.co.uk] The major complication of overly rapid correction is cerebral edema. To avoid this, the rate of increase of sodium should not exceed 0.5 mEq/L/hr.[musculoskeletalkey.com]

  • Hypoglycemia

    […] fatty acid concentrations, hypotonia, hepatomegaly with microvesicular fat accumulation, elevated plasma activities of both liver and muscle enzymes, and frequently cerebral edema[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    It is well known that patients with pernicious anemia have a more or less pronounced tendency toward edema, and that they usually have edema, especially in the later stages[jamanetwork.com] I show that her physical ailments spanned 30 years and included sore mouth, pallor, paresthesias, the Lhermitte symptom, fever, headaches, fatigue, resting tachycardia, edema[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Edema has always been considered a link in the clinical symptomatology of this disease, but a closer study of its pathogenesis has been limited.[jamanetwork.com]

  • Insulinoma

    […] due to water retention. 15 Fluid retention is dose-dependent and may appear after a few days of treatment. 10 Edema can be attenuated by thiazide diuretics as, apart from[hormones.gr] […] option for blood glucose management, however, the patient’s mother declined this medication due to concern for insurance coverage and potential side effects (peripheral edema[pediatrics.aappublications.org] Agents used in this therapy include the following: Diazoxide: Reduces insulin secretion Hydrochlorothiazide: Counteracts edema and hyperkalemia secondary to diazoxide and[emedicine.com]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    […] tremens Fever that spikes rapidly Seizures Extreme agitation or anger Confused mental state Alcohol Addiction Treatment The method of treatment for alcohol addiction that[addictions.com] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) displayed vasogenic edema at the bilateral posterior temporal and parieto-occipital lobes and cerebellum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] European workers 9 10 11 12 have described an acute muscular syndrome characterized by muscle aching, tenderness and edema in which hyperpotassemia, increased serum glutamic[nejm.org]

  • Hyperthyroidism

    , delirium and coma ( Endotext - Graves Disease , CMAJ 2003;168:575 ) In severe thyrotoxicosis, death may be secondary to cardiac failure, shock and multiple organ failure[pathologyoutlines.com] In this study, we present a case of a rapidly progressing fatal HAI (high-altitude cerebral edema and pulmonary edema) in a patient with hyperthyroidism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ) Moderate (delirium, psychosis, extreme lethargy) Severe (seizure, coma) Gastrointestinal-Hepatic Dysfunction: Absent Moderate (diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, abdominal pain)[formatio-reticularis.de]

  • Graves Disease

    Symptoms of thyroid storm can include: ( 15 ) vomiting diarrhea high blood pressure jaundice seizures delirium severe agitation abdominal pain heart failure Thyroid storm[draxe.com] At autopsy the significant positive macroscopic findings were confined to the lungs (acute pulmonary edema) and thyroid (diffusely enlarged).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients may exhibit restlessness, agitation and confusion. If not treated promptly, it may eventually lead to delirium and coma. • Vomiting and diarrhea .[articles.mercola.com]

  • Vitamin Deficiency

    In the late 1880s, Korsakoff described a spectrum of cognitive disorders, including a confabulatory amnestic state following an agitated delirium, occurring in conjunction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Deficiencies 260-269 Thiamine and niacin deficiency states 265- A disease caused by a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin b1) and characterized by polyneuritis, cardiac pathology, and edema[icd9data.com] Nocturnal leg cramps are usually observed at night or when muscles are at rest. [ Read: Vitamin C Deficiency ] 9.[stylecraze.com]

  • Dementia with Lewy Bodies

    Mortality was high if the patients presented with clinical sepsis, edema of epiglottis, and descending mediastinitis [1, 2, 5, 12, 16, 21].[hindawi.com] Sleep disorders including rapid eye movement sleep disorder, restless legs syndrome, nocturnal cramps. Fainting spells.[patient.info] The authors suggested open surgical drainage when the patients present with marked tissue edema, deep space infection, and airway compromise.[hindawi.com]

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