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10 Possible Causes for Agitation, Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted), Pyramidal Tract Signs

Did you mean: Agitation, Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted, Pyramidal Tract Signs

  • Binswanger Disease

    The bilateral cerebral white matter and globus pallidus appeared hyperintense on T2-weighted imaging (Figures 5 and 6). 5) Figure 5. CO poisoning(FLAIR image) Figure 6.[plaza.umin.ac.jp] Patients with this disease usually present with apathy, agitation, and bilateral corticospinal or bulbar signs Tags: binswanger', s-disease, subcortical-dementia, white-matter-atrophy[medicalvideos.com] Atypical antipsychotic drugs, such as risperidone and olanzapine, can be useful in individuals with agitation and disruptive behavior.[ninds.nih.gov]

  • Central Pontine Myelinolysis

    In (CPM), the initial signs include dysarthria and dysphagia (secondary to corticobulbar fiber involvement), and flaccid quadriparesis (from pyramidal tract involvement) which[omicsonline.org] […] of Globus Pallidus (broad arrow), suggestive of Extrapontine myelinolysis.[ipfs.io] We present a series of events that led to a misdiagnosis of a patient admitted to the medical emergency center presenting with confusion, psychomotor agitation, and delirium[dovepress.com]

  • Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation

    . • Begins in childhood • Profound dystonia, dysarthria, spasticity and pyramidal tract signs • Pigmentary retinopathy, leading to night blindness and visual field constriction[slideshare.net] Even before the globus pallidus hypointensity developed, patients with mutations could be distinguished by the presence of isolated globus pallidus hyperintensity on T2-weighted[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] When present, psychiatric features such as emotional lability, agitation, hallucinations, and compulsive behaviors can be particularly challenging for families.[doi.org]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Other neurologic findings may include cerebellar signs, pyramidal tract signs, extrapyramidal signs, corticla visual defects, abnormal extraocular movements, lower motor neuron[library.med.utah.edu] Extrapontine myelinolysis manifests predominantly as areas of bilateral FLAIR /T2-weighted imaging hyperintensity in the globus pallidus, putamen, and thalamus, which are[doi.org] The goal of treatment is to provide a safe environment, control aggressive or agitated behavior, and meet the person's needs.[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Beta-Propeller Protein-Associated Neurodegeneration

    . • Ataxia follows, and dysarthria and progressive spastic quadriparesis with pyramidal tract signs develop.[slideshare.net] Key Diagnostic Features: Once the parkinsonian symptoms appear, brain MRI shows hypointensity in the region of substantia nigra (SN) and globus pallidus (GP) on T2-weighted[ajnr.org] Amantadine may be helpful for dyskinesias, but also carries a risk (especially in higher doses) of adverse psychiatric effects such as hallucinations and agitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Wilson Disease

    In Wilson disease, an abnormal striatum depicted on MR images correlated with pseudoparkinsonian signs, an abnormal dentatothalamic tract correlated with cerebellar signs,[pubs.rsna.org] On T1W images, these lesions are normal to hypointense but hyperintense lesions especially in globus pallidus may also be seen [ 2 ].[omcr.oxfordjournals.org] Yener Unhelkar, Karen Murrell and Christopher Bryant, 13 Emergency Treatment of Agitation in Delirious and Demented Patients, Big Book of Emergency Department Psychiatry,[doi.org]

  • Axonal Neuropathy

    tract signs. 1 Patients become wheelchair bound in the second decade and eventually bedridden with severe polyneuropathy, ataxia and dementia.[appliedradiology.com] On examination he was agitated with hyperactive bowel sounds. Neurological examination and vital signs were normal.[shmabstracts.com] […] phosphatase of bone origin Frontal cortical atrophy Pelvic girdle muscle atrophy Cranial nerve compression Pathologic fracture Generalized amyotrophy Pigmentary retinopathy Agitation[mendelian.co]

  • Alopecia - Hypogonadism - Extrapyramidal Syndrome

    tract signs, and marked cognitive decline and neuropsychiatric symptoms.[nbiacure.org] The eye-of-the-tiger sign, T2-weighted hypointense signal in the globus pallidus with a central region of hyperintensity, is virtually pathognomonic for PKAN.[bloodgenetics.com] ., renal dysfunction, organic brain syndrome). [ Ref ] Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Confusional state, depression, hallucination Frequency not reported : Agitation, anxiety, disorientation[drugs.com]

  • Basal Ganglia Mass Lesion

    Neurologic examination demonstrated a right hemiparesis with hypereflexia, bilateral pyramidal tract signs, right facial nerve palsy, dysarthria, dystonia that was more prominent[ajnr.org] ARTERIAL OCCLUSION • CLINICAL FEATURES : Agitation, obtundation, coma, memory dysfunction and various ocular changes IMAGING FINDINGS: • Acute infarcts : T2 hyperintensity[slideshare.net] T2-weighted images showed small hyperintense areas in the left globus pallidus that were indistinguishable from perivascular space.[ajnr.org]

  • Kufor-Rakeb Syndrome

    tract signs, supranuclear gaze palsy, and severe cognitive decline. 3,5 On the contrary, in our homozygous case the atypical features were limited to an impaired upward gaze[healthdocbox.com] pallidus, on T2-weighted images.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] apathy, anxiety disorders (including panic disorders, generalized anxiety disorder, and social phobia), depression, psychosis (hallucinations), behavioral disturbances (agitation[orpha.net]

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