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139 Possible Causes for Agitation, Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis, Leg Cramp

  • Acute Hyperventilation

    Cramps: - How to get rid of cramps : How to get rid of cramps breathing exercise - Leg cramps at night : Two easy solutions (Earthing and reduced breathing exercise).[] Patients with acute hyperventilation syndrome (HVS) may present with agitation and anxiety.[] Severe prognosis in a large family with hypokalemic periodic paralysis. Muscle Nerve 2003 ; 27 : 165 –9 8 Geffner I, Murgatroyd J. Tetany.[]

  • Psychogenic Hyperventilation

    Dependence in Activities of Daily Living ADLs Inability to Initiate Meaningful Activities Anxiety Spatial Disorientation Rejection of Care Food Refusal Insomnia Apathy and Agitation[] Clinical History Patients with acute hyperventilation syndrome (HVS) may present with great agitation and anxiety.[] It is accompanied by agitation and a sense of terror or by symptoms of chest pain, paresthesias (peripheral and perioral), peripheral tetany (eg, stiffness of fingers or arms[]

  • Graves Disease

    […] movements shaking of hands muscle weakness and loss of muscle bulk swelling of nail beds a feeling of thirst and frequent urination difficulty in sleeping, restlessness, agitation[] Associated hypokalemic periodic paralysis, most commonly seen in Asian males, may be sudden, dramatic, and concerning but usually runs a benign course of recovery after a[] Therapists should be aware of these signs and symptoms of Thyroid Storm: Severe tachycardia with heart failure Hyperurthemia (up to 105 degrees) Reselessness and agitation[]

  • Hypokalemia

    cramps Limp muscles Low BP & Heart Nursing Interventions for Hypokalemia Watch heart rhythm (place on cardiac monitor…most are already on telemetry), respiratory status,[] These symptoms included nystagmus in one patient and agitation, tremors, and having an "out-of-body" experience in the other patient.[] Hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HypoKPP) is one of the primary forms of periodic paralysis, caused by one or more mutations in the calcium, sodium or potassium ion channels[]

  • Vasovagal Syncope

    Venlafaxine 75 mg XR form PO QD or BID Nausea, anorexia, hypertension Paroxetine * 10 mg PO QD Nausea, tremor, diarrhea, agitation Erythropoietin 8000 IU SC once per week[] Head-up tilt of bed 45 Head-up tilt of bed (often will need footboard) Hypotension, sliding off bed, leg cramps Elastic support hose Requires at least 30–40 mm Hg ankle counterpressure[] 1.0 mg/d Hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, peripheral edema, weight gain, congestive heart failure Methylphenidate 5–10 mg PO TID given with meals, give last dose before 6 pm Agitation[]

  • Parasomnia

    Nocturnal Leg Cramps: This mostly occurs in the older population, who experience a few seconds of leg cramping that can last even up to a few minutes.[] Thirty-four participants (mean [ /-SD] age 22.7 [ /-12.9] years) noting nocturnal motor agitation or behaviors and 12 healthy controls (mean age 24.1 [ /-3.1] years) underwent[] Diagnosis Sleep paralysis should be distinguished from a number of other conditions which may mimic it such as atonic seizures, cataplexy, hypokalemic periodic paralysis,[]

  • Sleep Paralysis

    cramps.[] Usually the individual’s eyes are open (in contrast, the eyes remain closed in REM parasomnias). 1 Agitated ambulation is more common in older sleepwalkers, is often associated[] Called also Erb's palsy. facial paralysis weakening or paralysis of the facial nerve, as in bell's palsy. familial periodic paralysis a hereditary disease with recurring attacks[]

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Less often, abdominal pain is described as cramping. Pain may also occur in the neck, lower back, buttocks, or arms and legs.[] Eleven patients had in acute attack abdominal pain, they were agitated and restless and suffered from insomnia. Besides they had various neurological signs.[] periodic paralysis related to Sjogren’s syndrome with renal tubular acidosis.[]

  • Schizophrenia

    On top of that, it has been observed that the prime manifestations of GS are often extra-intestinal, such as behavioral changes, bone or joint pain, muscle cramps, leg numbness[] In cases where the patient is agitated but more redirectable, sedation can be administered orally.[] Wu G, Dias P, Wu C, Li G-J, Kumar S, Singh S: Hyperglycemia, hyperlipidaemia and periodic paralysis: a case report of new side effects of clozapine.[]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    […] person to breathe very rapidly and cause large losses of carbon dioxide. symptoms are: ph elevated above 7.45 and pco2 below 35mmhg rapid, deep breathing hyper ventilation agitation[] […] insipidus ( E23.2 ) electrolyte imbalance associated with hyperemesis gravidarum ( O21.1 ) electrolyte imbalance following ectopic or molar pregnancy ( O08.5 ) familial periodic[] Other symptoms of respiratory alkalosis may encompass: agitation seizures dizziness light headedness tingling, numbness irregular heart beats muscle twitching , spasms , weakness[]

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