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282 Possible Causes for Akinesia, Apraxia

  • Dementia

    The presence of one or more additional cognitive disturbances, including aphasia, apraxia, or agnosia, is required to make the diagnosis according to DSM-IV-TR criteria.[web.archive.org] Other symptoms are difficulty naming objects or people (anomia), rambling speech, difficulty performing certain activities (apraxia), or failure to recognize certain objects[web.archive.org] […] characterized predominantly by memory loss, accompanied by impairment in other cognitive functions or "domain," such as language function ( aphasia ), skilled motor functions (apraxia[my.clevelandclinic.org]

  • Huntington's Disease

    All patients develop hypokinesia and rigidity leading to bradykinesia and severe akinesia. All psychomotor processes become severely impaired.[orpha.net] (The so-called cortical dementias primarily involve the cerebral cortex and are associated with aphasia, agnosia, apraxia, and severe amnesia.)[emedicine.medscape.com] […] called Westphal variant or akinetic-rigid HD) develops before the age of 20, progresses rapidly, and produces muscle rigidity in which the patient moves little, if at all (akinesia[healthcommunities.com]

  • Classic Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Syndrome

    PSP-Pure akinesia with gait freezing (PSP-PAGF) is characterized by progressive freezing of gait, speech and writing early in the course of the disease.[orpha.net] However, muscle atrophy, weakness, evidence of denervation on electromyography, vertical gaze palsy, parkinsonism, gait freezing, aphasia, speech apraxia, or dementia was[okayama.pure.elsevier.com] PSP-PNFA is characterized by speech anomalies (apraxia of speech, agrammatism, phonemic errors). Motor disturbances may occur later.[orpha.net]

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 48 patients with PSP composed of 25 patients with PSP-Richardson's syndrome (RS) and 23 patients with pure akinesia with gait freezing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , and (v) apraxia of speech.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Phenotypes described to date include PSP-parkinsonism, PSP-pure akinesia with gait freezing, PSP-corticobasal syndrome or PSP-progressive non-fluent aphasia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Stroke

    Pascual-Leone A et al. (1994) Akinesia in Parkinson's disease. I: shortening of simple reaction time with focal, single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation.[doi.org] Apraxia of speech is a communication disorder that can affect stroke patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] with or without oral apraxia.[doi.org]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    KEYWORDS: Acute akinesia; Genetic; PARK2; Parkin; Parkinson[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RATIONALE: In this case report, we describe a Parkinson's disease (PD) patient with limb-kinetic apraxia (LKA) in whom degeneration of the corticofugal tract (CFT) from the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of atypical parkinsonian disorders is important not only because of prognostic implications, but also because of variable therapeutic targets such as autonomic failure, apraxia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Parkinson's Disease Type 3

    Other characteristic symptoms of Parkinson disease include rigidity or stiffness of the limbs and torso, slow movement (bradykinesia) or an inability to move (akinesia), and[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] Adults with GD1 have a higher risk of cerebrovascular disease; children can present with oculomotor apraxia, deafness or myoclonic epilepsy.[clinicalmovementdisorders.biomedcentral.com] […] disease is a common neurodegenerative condition, with an estimated prevalence of approximately 1 in 100 persons. 1 Parkinson's disease is characterized by resting tremor, akinesia[nejm.org]

  • Frontal Lobe Neoplasm

    Both specific (anosmia, apraxia, and personality or cognitive deficits) and nonspecific (weight loss, improper sleep, anorexia, etc.) signs can point to an underlying process[symptoma.com] Differential diagnosis Alzheimer's disease Apraxia Aphasia Depression Investigations Check B12 levels, thyroid function, serology for syphilis and antinuclear antibodies.[patient.info]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    All four had presented with pure akinesia with gait freezing, accompanied by unsteadiness and falls.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] INTRODUCTION: Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), described by Hakim and Adams in 1965, is characterized by gait apraxia, urinary incontinence, and dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is characterized by gait apraxia, urinary incontinence, and dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Juvenile Paralysis Agitans of Hunt

    Associated, reflex, and voluntary movements are absent (akinesia). Muscle tone is plastic, and the extremity can move only passively.[encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com] […] phenomenon- Sudden, transient inability to perform active movements, lasting no more than a few seconds Start hesitation Turn hesitation Target hesitation Palilalia (speaking) Apraxia[slideplayer.com] Resting and action tremor, akinesia, stooped posture, distortion of the trunk, dystonia of the upper extremities, oculogyric crisis, and impairment of the postural reflex[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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