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769 Possible Causes for Akinesia, Apraxia

  • Dementia

    […] characterized predominantly by memory loss, accompanied by impairment in other cognitive functions or "domain," such as language function ( aphasia ), skilled motor functions (apraxia[]

  • Huntington's Disease

    […] called Westphal variant or akinetic-rigid HD) develops before the age of 20, progresses rapidly, and produces muscle rigidity in which the patient moves little, if at all (akinesia[] (The so-called cortical dementias primarily involve the cerebral cortex and are associated with aphasia, agnosia, apraxia, and severe amnesia.)[] HD patients may sometimes develop “bradykinesia” or “akinesia,” where their movements and speech are slower and less animated, typically later in the disease.[]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    All four had presented with pure akinesia with gait freezing, accompanied by unsteadiness and falls.[] Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), described by Hakim and Adams in 1965, is characterized by gait apraxia, urinary incontinence, and dementia.[] Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is characterized by gait apraxia, urinary incontinence, and dementia.[]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    Acute akinesia (AA) is an unusual motor complication in Parkinson's disease (PD).[] In this case report, we describe a Parkinson's disease (PD) patient with limb-kinetic apraxia (LKA) in whom degeneration of the corticofugal tract (CFT) from the supplementary[] […] study found no difference in smooth ocular pursuit between ON and OFF periods in patients with PD. 85 Other neuro-ophthalmological abnormalities associated with PD include apraxia[]

  • Parkinson-Dementia Syndrome

    During the disease course, akinesia and rigidity were present in all cases and classic resting tremor was noted in 29 (table 1).[] A poor response to dopamine along with symmetrical onset is the big CLUE along with abnormal eye function which includes eyelid apraxia.[] Vingerhoets et al.16 claimed that patients with initial tremor are more likely to suffer cognitive impairment in the more advanced stages of PD compared with patients with akinesia[]

  • Classic Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Syndrome

    Rarely, patients exhibit the syndrome of primary akinesia and gait freezing.[] However, muscle atrophy, weakness, evidence of denervation on electromyography, vertical gaze palsy, parkinsonism, gait freezing, aphasia, speech apraxia, or dementia was[] Additional ocular findings include photophobia, blepharospasm, and eyelid opening apraxia ( 2 ).[]

  • Communicating Hydrocephalus

    Postoperatively, the patient developed robust rigidity and akinesia with mutism, suggesting secondary parkinsonism.[] The severity of the core clinical picture with predominant sensory ataxia, gait apraxia, lower limb spasticity, cognitive impairment and bladder dysfunction correlated with[] The aberrant pattern of ambulation often is composed of a slow gait; short, shuffling steps; and a wide-based stance. 4 , 15 , 21 The term “gait apraxia” is sometimes used[]

  • Central Pontine Myelinolysis

    We report a case of a 61-year-old woman who developed progressive asymmetric parkinsonism with ideomotor apraxia and cortical sensory deficits following central pontine myelinolysis[]

  • Ataxia

    […] rigidity/dystonia: SCA 3 , 9 , 17 , 21 ; 12 (Akinesia) Chorea Early/prominent: DRPLA , 17 , 27 ; Rarely SCA 2 Dyskinesia: SCA 27 Myoclonus Common: SCA 2 , 14 Occasional:[] After extensive neurological review, she was diagnosed with ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2.[] […] ataxia Nystagmus Mild pyramidal signs Hypermetric saccades Spinocerebellar ataxia 21 See the list below: Clinical features Age of onset - 6-30 years Gait and limb ataxia Akinesia[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    He had difficulty walking due to poor movement of his right leg, and was diagnosed as having Parkinson's disease because of akinesia.[] […] errors in her choice of Japanese kana characters in her mobile text messages and agraphia of the kana in her handwriting in spite of the absence of weakness, ataxia, or apraxia[]

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