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280 Possible Causes for Akinetic Mutism

  • Anterior Cerebral Artery Occlusion

    Abstract Three cases of bilateral anterior cerebral artery occlusion are presented with akinetic mutism.[] An unusual case concerning a patient with akinetic mutism (AM) due to spontaneous bilateral anterior cerebral artery occlusion is reported.[] A case of unpaired anterior cerebral artery occlusion producing akinetic mutism.[]

  • Brain Stem Infarction

    Brain stem infarction is a potentially life-threatening condition which develops due to focal ischemia of the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. It results in neurologic deficits involving the respiratory, cardiovascular, speech, swallowing, hearing and ocular movement centers located within the brain stem. Diagnosis is[…][]

  • Central Pontine Myelinolysis

    Bird GL, Meadows J, Goka J, Polson R, Williams R: Cyclosporine-associated akinetic mutism and extrapyramidal syndrome after liver transplantation.[]

  • Brain Stem Hemorrhage

    After a 65-year-old man had received anticoagulation therapy for brain-stem ischemia, a large, bilateral pontomesencephalic hemorrhage developed in the ischemic region. He survived a period of being "locked in" to attain a limited functional recovery. When he first became alert, brain-stem auditory evoked potentials[…][]

  • Brain Stem Disorder

    As arousal improves, behavioural disturbances become evident, such as hemineglect, amnestic syndromes (5, 7), akinetic mutism, or subcortical demented states with apathy and[] Behavioral disturbances from thalamic damage include hemineglect, amnestic syndromes (5, 7), akinetic mutism, or subcortical demented states with apathy and slowness of thought[]

  • Abulia

    Akinetic mutism is its extreme form. A lesser degree of abulia is here termed abulia minor.[] There are reports of successful treatment of akinetic mutism, the most severe form of abulia, with bromocriptine.[] Akinetic mutism is a medical term describing patients who tend neither to speak (mutism) nor move (akinesia).[]

  • Cerebral Cortical Atrophy

    Abstract Computed tomography of the head in 15 children with end-stage renal disease revealed cerebral cortical atrophy in eight and ventricular enlargement in an additional two. These changes were not necessarily associated with any clinical signs or symptoms. Although high doses of steroids may have been[…][]

  • Malignant Catatonia

    He presented with hyperpyrexia, lethargy, akinetic mutism, and posture of decorticate rigidity following coma and respiratory failure.[] Keywords Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome Muscular Rigidity Antipsychotic Drug Treatment Akinetic Mutism Excited Phase These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors[] mutism Alcoholic degeneration and Wernicke’s encephalopathy Cerebellar degeneration Cerebral anoxia Cerebromacular degeneration Closed head trauma Frontal lobe atrophy Hydrocephalus[]

  • Locked-in Syndrome

    The accurate location and extent of brainstem lesions that cause akinetic mutism (a.m.) and/or locked-in syndrome (LiS) are reviewed.[] The difference between the locked-in syndrome and classical akinetic mutism was discussed.[] The neuropathology of 7 cases of the locked-in syndrome has been reviewed and compared with 3 cases of akinetic mutism, all of them occurring after brainstem vascular disease[]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    mutism.[] Four months after the onset, she entered a state of an akinetic mutism. Gene analysis revealed a homozygous V203I mutation in the PRNP.[] Mild myoclonus was detected, and the patient died 10 months after the onset of symptoms; she did not enter the akinetic mutism state.[]

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