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745 Possible Causes for Akinetic Mutism, Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted), Pyramidal Tract Signs

Did you mean: Akinetic Mutism, Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted, Pyramidal Tract Signs

  • Central Pontine Myelinolysis

    In (CPM), the initial signs include dysarthria and dysphagia (secondary to corticobulbar fiber involvement), and flaccid quadriparesis (from pyramidal tract involvement) which[omicsonline.org] Bird GL, Meadows J, Goka J, Polson R, Williams R: Cyclosporine-associated akinetic mutism and extrapyramidal syndrome after liver transplantation.[doi.org] […] of Globus Pallidus (broad arrow), suggestive of Extrapontine myelinolysis.[ipfs.io]

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Table-1: Diagnostic features of Hallervorden spatz disease [11] Obligate Features Collaborate Features Exclusion Features Onset during first two decades Pyramidal tract signs[medresearch.in] Within several years, she developed akinetic mutism. At the age of 49, she died of bleeding from a tracheostomy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This virtually pathognomonic radiographic abnormality, called the eye-of-the-tiger sign, comprises hyperintensities within a hypointense medial globus pallidus on T2-weighted[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Stem Infarction

    Brain stem infarction is a potentially life-threatening condition which develops due to focal ischemia of the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. It results in neurologic deficits involving the respiratory, cardiovascular, speech, swallowing, hearing and ocular movement centers located within the brain stem. Diagnosis is[…][symptoma.com]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Binswanger Disease

    mutism disorder of consciousness characterized by periods of sleep and periods of wakefulness during which the patient lies with eyes open but is unresponsive, mute, and[strokecenter.org] The bilateral cerebral white matter and globus pallidus appeared hyperintense on T2-weighted imaging (Figures 5 and 6). 5) Figure 5. CO poisoning(FLAIR image) Figure 6.[plaza.umin.ac.jp] […] not due to mechanical dysfunction; typically results from damage to the parietal lobe. akathisia motor restlessness; inability to sit still akinesia paucity of movement akinetic[strokecenter.org]

  • Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation

    . • Begins in childhood • Profound dystonia, dysarthria, spasticity and pyramidal tract signs • Pigmentary retinopathy, leading to night blindness and visual field constriction[slideshare.net] Within several years, she developed akinetic mutism. At the age of 49, she died of bleeding from a tracheostomy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Even before the globus pallidus hypointensity developed, patients with mutations could be distinguished by the presence of isolated globus pallidus hyperintensity on T2-weighted[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Other neurologic findings may include cerebellar signs, pyramidal tract signs, extrapyramidal signs, corticla visual defects, abnormal extraocular movements, lower motor neuron[library.med.utah.edu] mutism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Extrapontine myelinolysis manifests predominantly as areas of bilateral FLAIR /T2-weighted imaging hyperintensity in the globus pallidus, putamen, and thalamus, which are[doi.org]

  • Stroke

    If both anterior cerebral territories are affected, profound mental symptoms may result (akinetic mutism).[web.archive.org] Some scientists have reported that they have developed a technique that allows locked-in patients to communicate via sniffing. [28] See also [ edit ] Akinetic mutism List[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Pallidopyramidal Syndrome

    […] of early-onset, progressive parkinsonism with pyramidal tract signs has been known as pallido-pyramidal or parkinsonian-pyramidal syndrome since the first description by[moh-it.pure.elsevier.com] mutism Focal T2 hyperintense basal ganglia lesion Progressive extrapyramidal muscular rigidity Astrocytosis Spastic dysarthria Senile plaques Small for gestational age Delayed[mendelian.co] Abstract Background: The combination of early-onset, progressive parkinsonism with pyramidal tract signs has been known as pallido-pyramidal or parkinsonian-pyramidal syndrome[n.neurology.org]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    […] acetylcholineアセチルコリン acetylcholinesteraseアセチルコリンエステラーゼ Achilles tendon reflexアキレス腱反射 agnosia失認、認知不能[症] agraphia失書[症]、書字不能[症] AIDS dementia complexエイズ痴呆症候群 akinesia無動[症] akinetic[tokyo-med.ac.jp] mutism無動無言[症] alcoholic neuropathyアルコールニューロパチ(シ)ー(神経障害) alternating hemiplegia交代性片麻痺 amnesia健忘[症]、記憶消失(喪失) amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)筋萎縮性側索硬化症 ankle clonus足クローヌス[tokyo-med.ac.jp]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    Stage III Rigidity, extra-pyramidal symptoms, progressive unresponsiveness Stage IV Coma, vegetative state, autonomic instability and akinetic mutism Table 1 Clinical stages[doi.org] Although catatonia is seen in patients with many neurological illnesses as presenting symptom, but akinetic mutism has been seen only in advanced illness in case of SSPE.[ijpm.info] The last stage is characterized by coma, a vegetative state, autonomic failure or akinetic mutism.[journals.plos.org]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)