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50 Possible Causes for Alkalosis, Cystic Fibrosis, Hyperresonance

  • Pneumothorax

    INTRODUCTION - More and more children affected by cystic fibrosis reach adulthood.[] […] coughing can also cause Presentation Symptoms sudden-onset, unilateral, pleuritic chest pain dyspnea acute respiratory distress Physical exam decreased or absent breath sounds hyperresonance[] Usually normal carbon dioxide – the lung function is still good and often the remaining normal lung can provide sufficient alveolar ventilation – but can be low Respiratory alkalosis[]

  • Asthma

    It is now well established that there is no single "gene for asthma", in the way that the cystic fibrosis transmembrane receptor is the "gene for cystic fibrosis".[] In the early stages of acute, severe asthma, analysis of arterial blood gases usually reveals mild hypoxemia, hypocapnia and respiratory alkalosis.[] fibrosis transmembrane receptor is the gene for cystic fibrosis.[]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Cystic fibrosis is usually recognized in infancy or early childhood.[] Respiratory distress with retractions Wheeze or crackles Cough (dry or productive of mucoid or purulent sputum) Increased anteroposterior diameter of chest Clubbing Cyanosis Hyperresonant[] INTRODUCTION: Pseudo-Bartter syndrome (PBS) is characterized by hyponatremic, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis that mimics Bartter syndrome but with no pathology in the renal[]

  • Traumatic Pneumothorax

    Patients with cystic fibrosis have an especially high rate of recurrence.[] Breath sounds may be diminished and the affected hemithorax hyperresonant to percussion—mainly with larger pneumothoraces.[] Arterial blood gas studies may show respiratory alkalosis caused by a decrease in CO 2 as a result of tachypnea but later hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and acidosis.[]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    […] caused by genetic mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene.[] […] cough or expectoration Breathing may be assisted by pursed lips and use of accessory respiratory muscles; patients may adopt the tripod sitting position The chest may be hyperresonant[] […] the predicted value pH usually is near normal; a pH below 7.3 generally indicates acute respiratory compromise Chronic respiratory acidosis leads to compensatory metabolic alkalosis[]

  • Iatrogenic Pneumothorax

    Cystic fibrosis : the development of a pneumothorax in a patient with cystic fibrosis requires early and aggressive treatment with early surgical referral.[] Clinical signs of tension pneumothorax include tracheal deviation, hyperresonance, and hypotension.[] His chest X-ray was showing bilateral opacities, and arterial blood gas analysis was relevant for respiratory alkalosis and hypoxia.[]

  • Psychogenic Hyperventilation

    fibrosis.[] . #7 If we review only barrel shaped chest, hyperresonant percussion sound, CXR: hyperinflated lung. Patient is ex-smoker.[] Causes of Respiratory Alkalosis 1.[]

  • Hyperactive Airway Disease

    fibrosis (see this term), the two underlying diseases of most of the ABPA patients (about 2% of patients with asthma and 1 to 15% of patients with cystic fibrosis develop[] Hyperresonance of the lungs – Hyperresonance may indicate lung consolidation because of accumulation of pulmonary secretions.[] The decrease carbon dioxide causes a mild respiratory alkalosis, which in turn is tempered by an increased renal excretion of bicarbonate, leaving the arterial pH only slightly[]

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    In individuals with cystic fibrosis, mucus builds up along the intestinal tract, slowing down the emptying of food.[] Distended bowel results in hyperresonance or tympany to abdominal percussion, but fluid-filled loops can result in dullness.[] On the initial evaluation, she was noted to have hypokalaemic, hyponatraemic metabolic alkalosis.[]

  • Acidosis

    .- ) cystic fibrosis ( E84.- ) malignant neoplasm ( C00 - C96 ) malnutrition ( E40-E46 ) pancreatitis and other diseases of the pancreas ( K85 - K86 .-) Type 1 Excludes drug[] During thoracic examination, patients with obstructive lung disease may have diffuse wheezing, hyperinflation (ie, barrel chest), decreased breath sounds, hyperresonance on[] Respiratory alkalosis… • Respiratory alkalosis is the acid-base disturbance initiated by a reduction in PaCO2. • This occurs when there is excessive loss of CO2 by hyperventilation[]

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