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13 Possible Causes for Alkalosis, Dehydration, Diarrhea due to Laxative Abuse

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    She presented with dehydration, vomiting, weakness, a body mass index of 13 kg/m2 and was treated with intravenous and enteral supplementation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] malnutrition cachexia hair loss amenorrhoea OP immunosuppression bradycardia hypotension cardiac failure delayed gastric emptying INVESTIGATIONS hypochloraemic, metabolic alkalosis[lifeinthefastlane.com] […] diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare. a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Purging-Type Bulimia Nervosa

    Laxatives result in weight loss simply by eliminating water weight, which can cause dehydration.[centerfordiscovery.com] Patients with chronic emesis and use of cathartics present with classic metabolic disturbance: hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[acphospitalist.org] If the patient has severe medical complications, such as dehydration, irregular heartbeat, or infections, she may need inpatient services or those of an endocrinologist or[consumer.healthday.com]

  • Laxative Abuse

    Further urine studies include urine volume and electrolytes to determine the volume status and the degree of dehydration.[symptoma.com] Melanosis coli and cathartic colon, acid-base disturbances (usually metabolic alkalosis), sodium, potassium and water depletion, hyperuricemia, hyperaldosteronism and other[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Acute diarrhea: Metabolic acidosis due to hypovolemia Chronic diarrhea: Metabolic alkalosis secondary to hypokalemia-induced inhibition of chloride uptake in the intestine[tipsdiscover.com]

  • VIPoma

    Muscle cramps due to low blood potassium ( hypokalemia ) Nausea Weight loss The first goal of treatment is to correct dehydration.[nlm.nih.gov] Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide Producing Tumor Verner Morrison Syndrome Vipomas WDHA Syndromes Pancreatic Cholera Verner-Morrison Syndrome Watery Diarrhea with Hypokalemic Alkalosis[decs.bvs.br] Syndrome — WDHA — WDHH — WDHA Syndrome — WDHA Syndromes — Verner-Morrison Syndrome — Syndrome, Verner-Morrison — Verner Morrison Syndrome — Watery Diarrhea with Hypokalemic Alkalosis[mesh.kib.ki.se]

  • Bartter's Disease

    All infants in these patterns had clinical and laboratory evidence of dehydration, and all the episodes of dehydration were preceded by exacerbation of respiratory symptoms[sjkdt.org] In western countries hypokalemia is most commonly caused by the use of diuretics, then by diarrhea (spontaneous or due to laxative abuse) or vomiting.[omicsonline.org] Physicians should be aware of the possibility of gout as a clinical complication of Bartter's syndrome and of the inhibitory effects of alkalosis on urate clearance.[annals.org]

  • Hypokalemia

    Laboratory tests revealed severe hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, normal calcium levels associated with marked dehydration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Diarrhea due to laxative abuse is an occasional cause of hypokalemia in the adolescent or adult. Enema abuse is a related cause of hypokalemia.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Patients can also present with convulsions due to severe metabolic alkalosis or hypomagnesemia. Therefore, early recognition and treatment are important.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Laxative

    […] of 85 years of age, who commenced medication with diuretics--prescribed for mild congestive cardiac failure; she developed constipation consequent upon the diuresis and dehydration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Laboratory tests revealed severe hyponatremia with hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis. Moreover, rhabdomyolysis markers were found.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Severe dehydration can cause organ damage leading to death.[barnard.edu]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    Abstract Calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition disease (also known as chondrocalcinosis, CC) is a rare metabolic arthropathy mostly seen in elderly patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Causes of gastrointestinal loss of magnesium include diarrhea and vomiting and abuse of laxatives.[clinchem.org] We present a novel case of a woman with coincident occurrence of auditory and visual hallucinations, electrolyte disturbances, chloride unresponsive alkalosis, and an eating[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Familial Pseudohyperkalemia

    […] seen in dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (hereditary xerocytosis).[discovery.ucl.ac.uk] Most common causes: Decreased Intake - alcoholism, elderly, anorexia GI loss - Vomiting/diarrhea, NG tube, laxative abuse, fistulas, villous adenoma, ureterosigmoidostomy,[quizlet.com] Plasma potassium response to acute respiratory alkalosis. Kidney Int. 1995; 47: 217–24. 12.[jemds.com]

  • Bulimia

    According to the Mayo Clinic, extreme thirst is a common symptom of life-threatening dehydration. Lesser thirst may indicate mild dehydration.[livestrong.com] The medical complications of laxative abuse can be divided into two main categories, those due to effects on the gastrointestinal system along with the systemic effects, of[jeatdisord.biomedcentral.com] Due to increased vomiting, there are chances of developing hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis.[symptoma.com]

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