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13 Possible Causes for Alkalosis, Dehydration, Diarrhea due to Laxative Abuse

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    She presented with dehydration, vomiting, weakness, a body mass index of 13 kg/m2 and was treated with intravenous and enteral supplementation.[] […] malnutrition cachexia hair loss amenorrhoea OP immunosuppression bradycardia hypotension cardiac failure delayed gastric emptying INVESTIGATIONS hypochloraemic, metabolic alkalosis[] […] diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare. a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration[]

  • Purging-Type Bulimia Nervosa

    Laxatives result in weight loss simply by eliminating water weight, which can cause dehydration.[] Patients with chronic emesis and use of cathartics present with classic metabolic disturbance: hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[] If the patient has severe medical complications, such as dehydration, irregular heartbeat, or infections, she may need inpatient services or those of an endocrinologist or[]

  • Laxative Abuse

    Further urine studies include urine volume and electrolytes to determine the volume status and the degree of dehydration.[] Melanosis coli and cathartic colon, acid-base disturbances (usually metabolic alkalosis), sodium, potassium and water depletion, hyperuricemia, hyperaldosteronism and other[] Acute diarrhea: Metabolic acidosis due to hypovolemia Chronic diarrhea: Metabolic alkalosis secondary to hypokalemia-induced inhibition of chloride uptake in the intestine[]

  • VIPoma

    Muscle cramps due to low blood potassium ( hypokalemia ) Nausea Weight loss The first goal of treatment is to correct dehydration.[] Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide Producing Tumor Verner Morrison Syndrome Vipomas WDHA Syndromes Pancreatic Cholera Verner-Morrison Syndrome Watery Diarrhea with Hypokalemic Alkalosis[] Syndrome — WDHA — WDHH — WDHA Syndrome — WDHA Syndromes — Verner-Morrison Syndrome — Syndrome, Verner-Morrison — Verner Morrison Syndrome — Watery Diarrhea with Hypokalemic Alkalosis[]

  • Bartter's Disease

    All infants in these patterns had clinical and laboratory evidence of dehydration, and all the episodes of dehydration were preceded by exacerbation of respiratory symptoms[] In western countries hypokalemia is most commonly caused by the use of diuretics, then by diarrhea (spontaneous or due to laxative abuse) or vomiting.[] Physicians should be aware of the possibility of gout as a clinical complication of Bartter's syndrome and of the inhibitory effects of alkalosis on urate clearance.[]

  • Hypokalemia

    Laboratory tests revealed severe hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, normal calcium levels associated with marked dehydration.[] Diarrhea due to laxative abuse is an occasional cause of hypokalemia in the adolescent or adult. Enema abuse is a related cause of hypokalemia.[] Patients can also present with convulsions due to severe metabolic alkalosis or hypomagnesemia. Therefore, early recognition and treatment are important.[]

  • Laxative

    […] of 85 years of age, who commenced medication with diuretics--prescribed for mild congestive cardiac failure; she developed constipation consequent upon the diuresis and dehydration[] Laboratory tests revealed severe hyponatremia with hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis. Moreover, rhabdomyolysis markers were found.[] Severe dehydration can cause organ damage leading to death.[]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    Abstract Calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition disease (also known as chondrocalcinosis, CC) is a rare metabolic arthropathy mostly seen in elderly patients[] Causes of gastrointestinal loss of magnesium include diarrhea and vomiting and abuse of laxatives.[] We present a novel case of a woman with coincident occurrence of auditory and visual hallucinations, electrolyte disturbances, chloride unresponsive alkalosis, and an eating[]

  • Familial Pseudohyperkalemia

    […] seen in dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (hereditary xerocytosis).[] Most common causes: Decreased Intake - alcoholism, elderly, anorexia GI loss - Vomiting/diarrhea, NG tube, laxative abuse, fistulas, villous adenoma, ureterosigmoidostomy,[] Plasma potassium response to acute respiratory alkalosis. Kidney Int. 1995; 47: 217–24. 12.[]

  • Bulimia

    According to the Mayo Clinic, extreme thirst is a common symptom of life-threatening dehydration. Lesser thirst may indicate mild dehydration.[] The medical complications of laxative abuse can be divided into two main categories, those due to effects on the gastrointestinal system along with the systemic effects, of[] Due to increased vomiting, there are chances of developing hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis.[]

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