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1,536 Possible Causes for Alkalosis, Seizure

  • Upper Respiratory Infection

    The patient developed seizures as a result of three brain abscesses, one of which is shown.[healio.com] In infants with metabolic alkalosis indices of central apnoea were significantly increased when compared with recovery or case control data.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Of infants who are hospitalized with pertussis, approximately 50% have apnea, 20% develop pneumonia, 1% have seizures, 1% die, and 0.3% have encephalopathy. [ 28 ] Recovery[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Bicarbonate

    The patient presented with lethargy and cardiac conduction delays (QRS 110 msec, QTc 458 msec) and developed a delayed seizure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a patient with PMP who underwent intraperitoneal irrigation with sodium bicarbonate and exhibited marked alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 13-month-old infant girl was brought in by the emergency medical service for a witnessed tonic-clonic seizure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    We describe a newborn with recurrent focal seizures due to transient hypomagnesemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Laboratory tests showed hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypocalciuria, and hypomagnesemia related to genetically proven GS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] For example, hypokalemia occurs in 40-60% of patients with hypomagnesemia, 52,54 and hypocalcemia and metabolic alkalosis are frequent findings.[epilepsy.com]

  • Reye Syndrome

    Complications may include: Coma Permanent brain damage Seizures When untreated, seizures and coma may be life threatening.[medlineplus.gov] Signs of metabolic derangement include elevated serum amino acid levels, acid-base disturbances (usually with hyperventilation, mixed respiratory alkalosis–metabolic acidosis[merckmanuals.com] An initial metabolic acidosis is associated with a compensatory respiratory alkalosis (1,3). The EEG shows diffuse arrhythmic delta activity (1).[hawaii.edu]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    Life-threatening consequences of salicylate overdose include: Seizures Cerebral and pulmonary oedema Risk Assessment: Most acute accidental paediatric exposures of aspirin[kidshealthwa.com] This leads to a respiratory alkalosis.[gcs3.co.uk] Stolbach AI, Hoffm... 276.2 Acidosis 276.3 Alkalosis 965.1 Poisoning by salicylates E87.2 Acidosis E87.3 Alkalosis T39.011A Poisoning by aspirin , accidental (unintentional[5minuteconsult.com]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    The 59-year-old patient had esophageal varices bleeding due to primary biliary cirrhosis (ammonium blood level: 140 mmoL/L) and presented with sensory Jacksonian seizures,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other factors that may precipitate hepatic encephalopathy include alkalosis, potassium deficiency induced by diuretics, narcotics, hypnotics, and sedatives; medications containing[healthcentral.com] 30 and 45 percent of people with cirrhosis will develop some signs of hepatic encephalopathy, whether it be mild forms of forgetfulness or more severe bouts of amnesia or seizures[verywell.com]

  • Aspirin

    Other symptoms such as fever or seizures are treated as necessary.[merckmanuals.com] Frequent blood work is performed to check metabolic , salicylate, and blood sugar levels; arterial blood gas assessments are performed to test for respiratory alkalosis, and[newworldencyclopedia.org] In the first instance hyperventilation occurs, which results in respiratory alkalosis. Respiratory acidosis ensues due to suppression of the respiratory centre.[medicines.org.uk]

  • Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures

    seizures and the development of delirium tremens.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Arterial and cerebrospinal fluid lactate was elevated in association with a marked respiratory alkalosis in 13 patients studied 5 to 12 hours after the seizure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ) Motor/autonomic hyperactivity Fever "Rum fits": generalized tonic-clonic sz; occur 7-48 after last drink; peak at 24h; higher risk in pts with hypomagnesemia and resp. alkalosis[faculty.washington.edu]

  • West Syndrome

    On the tenth day of treatment, he developed frequent partial seizures, characterized by being motionless during the seizure with eye deviation to the right.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] adrenal glands at ultrasound examination, without mineralocorticoid excess; in addition, he presented also short-term weight gain, marked electrolyte disturbances, hypokalemic alkalosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The generalized tonic seizures began with bi-frontal polyspikes on EEG. Our diagnosis was lissencephaly presenting with West syndrome and generalized tonic seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperventilation

    It is well known that hyperventilation induces absence seizures, and it has been reported that hyperventilation can induce complex partial seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperventilation in pregnancy is a cause of chronic respiratory alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Our pilot study provides clinical basis that 5% CO2 inhalation could be a therapeutic approach for hyperventilation-related seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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