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950 Possible Causes for Alkalosis, Seizure

  • Hyperventilation

    It is well known that hyperventilation induces absence seizures, and it has been reported that hyperventilation can induce complex partial seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperventilation in pregnancy is a cause of chronic respiratory alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After prolonged hyperventilation and immediate stimulation a seizure resulted with 33 s of motoric activity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    Intoxication is characterized by rapid breathing, vomiting, headache, irritability, ketosis, hypoglycemia, and, in severe cases, seizures and respiratory failure. salicylate[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] This leads to a respiratory alkalosis.[gcs3.co.uk] Tetany Seizures, Cerebral oedema, Coma, and Death Coagulopathy Pylorospasm, decreased gastro intestinal motility (acute) Gastric erosions, Iron deficiency anaemia (in chronic[emedsa.org.au]

  • Liver Failure

    A case of a 4-month-old infant with hypertransaminasemia, severe coagulopathy, non ketotic hypoglycemia, moderated metabolic acidosis and neurologic symptoms such as seizures[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] ratio 2:1 Hematologic Anemia Leukocytosis or leukopenia Thrombocytopenia Increased serum globulin levels Metabolic Elevated blood ammonia level Hyperglycemia Respiratory alkalosis[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Neuro - Hepatic Encephalopathy, Cerebral Edema, Seizures.[errolozdalga.com]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    The 59-year-old patient had esophageal varices bleeding due to primary biliary cirrhosis (ammonium blood level: 140 mmoL/L) and presented with sensory Jacksonian seizures,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other factors that may precipitate hepatic encephalopathy include alkalosis, potassium deficiency induced by diuretics, narcotics, hypnotics, and sedatives; medications containing[healthcentral.com] 30 and 45 percent of people with cirrhosis will develop some signs of hepatic encephalopathy, whether it be mild forms of forgetfulness or more severe bouts of amnesia or seizures[verywell.com]

  • Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium

    Withdrawal symptoms usually include tremulousness, psychotic and perceptual symptoms, seizures, and consciousness disturbance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the ER, the patient developed seizure activity and was apparently treated with lorazepam, haloperidol, magnesium and fluids.[thepoisonreview.com] Withdrawal seizures (can appear 24-48 hours after alcohol has stopped): [ 3, 6 ] These are generalised tonic-clonic seizures.[patient.info]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type 5

    Most patients experience muscle symptoms, such as weakness and cramps, although certain GSDs manifest as specific syndromes, such as hypoglycemic seizures or cardiomegaly.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] of calcium metabolism Fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance Electrolyte disturbance - Na Hypernatremia / Hyponatremia - Acidosis ( Metabolic, Respiratory, Lactic ) - Alkalosis[wikidoc.org]

  • Purging-Type Bulimia Nervosa

    In addition to anorexia, a number of disorders may mimic bulimia, including: borderline personality disorder brain tumors depression epileptic seizures Klein-Levin syndrome[psychiatric-disorders.com]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    Isolated hypomagnesemia of the idiopathic form is a rare condition that is known to present as generalized motor seizures in children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a novel case of a woman with coincident occurrence of auditory and visual hallucinations, electrolyte disturbances, chloride unresponsive alkalosis, and an eating[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Laboratory tests showed hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypocalciuria, and hypomagnesemia related to genetically proven GS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Reye Syndrome

    Complications may include: Coma Permanent brain damage Seizures When untreated, seizures and coma may be life threatening.[nlm.nih.gov] Signs of metabolic derangement include elevated serum amino acid levels, acid-base disturbances (usually with hyperventilation, mixed respiratory alkalosis–metabolic acidosis[merckmanuals.com] An initial metabolic acidosis is associated with a compensatory respiratory alkalosis (1,3). The EEG shows diffuse arrhythmic delta activity (1).[hawaii.edu]

  • Pheochromocytoma

    Other symptoms that may occur include: Abdominal or chest pain Irritability, nervousness Pallor Weight loss Nausea and vomiting Shortness of breath Seizures Problems sleeping[nlm.nih.gov] Other problems: seizures, stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage also may occur because of uncontrolled hypertension.[science.nichd.nih.gov]

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