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82 Possible Causes for Alkalosis, Tension Pneumothorax

  • Pneumothorax

    Tension pneumothorax—time for a re-think?[] Usually normal carbon dioxide – the lung function is still good and often the remaining normal lung can provide sufficient alveolar ventilation – but can be low Respiratory alkalosis[] Arterial blood gas measurements typically show an increase in the alveolar–arterial oxygen gradient and acute respiratory alkalosis.[]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Tachypnea, hypoxia, and respiratory alkalosis are typical early clinical manifestations, and they are usually followed by the appearance of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates and[] References: [8] [9] [10] Diagnostics Laboratory studies Arterial blood gas Initially, hypoxemic respiratory failure with PaO 2 and respiratory alkalosis ; PaO 2 / FiO 2 300[] Laboratory Findings Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) typically shows hypoxemia and may be accompanied with acute respiratory alkalosis due to the associated tachypnea. 2.[]

  • Psychogenic Hyperventilation

    pneumothorax, carbon monoxide poisoning, etc. [24], [25] Fortunately, most of these can be ruled out on correct history and examination only and investigations may not be[] […] are usually associated with acidosis and an increased risk of poor outcome, in patients with psychogenic hyperventilation, high lactates are associated with hypocapnia and alkalosis[] Causes of Respiratory Alkalosis 1.[]

  • Atelectasis

    (see Pneumothorax, [[Pneumothorax]]) Non-Tension Pneumothorax : introduction of air into pleural space leads to compression of adjacent lung (to some extent) and the loss[] […] breath sounds, and decreased fremitus over the affected lung References: [2] Diagnostics Arterial blood gas analysis : hypoxemia, potentially low PaCO 2, and respiratory alkalosis[] This is frequently encountered secondary to pleural effusions, pneumothorax, or hemothorax.[]

  • Asthma

    Similar cardiovascular effects also may be observed in patients with tension pneumothorax.[] In the early stages of an acute episode, respiratory alkalosis results from hyperventilation.[] In the early stages of acute, severe asthma, analysis of arterial blood gases usually reveals mild hypoxemia, hypocapnia and respiratory alkalosis.[]

  • Chest Trauma

    Obstructive shock and hypoxia are the results of a tension pneumothorax. If a tension pneumothorax worsens, a mediastinal shift will occur.[] As the patient attempts to compensate, tachypnea and respiratory alkalosis can occur. Lung sounds may be coarse with rhonchi or even diminished or absent.[] pneumothorax.[]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    pneumothorax should be considered and treated (Class I, LOE C). not reviewed in 2015 2010 Cardiac Arrest Associated With Anaphylaxis Given the potential for the rapid development[] […] strain S1Q3T3 presence of S wave in lead I and Q wave and inverted T wave in lead III T-wave inversions in V1-V4 Arterial blood gas findings hypoxemia hypocapnia respiratory alkalosis[] ABG—Respiratory alkalosis (increased pH, decreased CO2 80 mm Hg).[]

  • Respiratory Acidosis

    pneumothorax, pleural effusion Upper airway obstruction Equipment Increased dead space, improper connection Obstructive pulmonary disease (chronic) COPD, asthma, pneumonia[] […] patients with mixed respiratory acidosis and metabolic alkalosis.[] Guillain-Barre Myasthenia gravis, demyelinating disorders Tetanus Toxicity Muscle relaxants, organophosphates, fentanyl Respiratory (Acute) Trauma, surgery, chest wall deformity Tension[]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Positive-pressure ventilation should be avoided if possible because it can increase the size of a pneumatocele, a tension pneumatocele, or a tension pneumothorax.[] INTRODUCTION: Pseudo-Bartter syndrome (PBS) is characterized by hyponatremic, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis that mimics Bartter syndrome but with no pathology in the renal[] Pseudo-Bartter syndrome (PBS) describes an uncommon complication of cystic fibrosis leading to hypochloraemic, hypokalaemic metabolic alkalosis.[]

  • Laceration of the Lung

    Obstructive shock and hypoxia are the results of tension pneumothorax.[] […] or hemothorax CT scan: Better for showing the laceration Also can show complications Bronchial fistulas Differential Diagnosis Pneumothorax Tension Pneumothorax Hemothorax[] If air movement is unequal and there is concern for a tension pneumothorax, perform a needle thoracostomy at the second intercostal space in the mid-clavicular line.[]

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