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504 Possible Causes for Alkalosis, Tetany

  • Hyperventilation

    This report describes a case of hyperventilation-induced hypocapnia resulting in tetany in a 16-year-old girl undergoing orthodontic extractions under intravenous conscious[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperventilation in pregnancy is a cause of chronic respiratory alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A. , “Spontaneous overbreathing tetany” , Quart. J.[bjp.rcpsych.org]

  • Bicarbonate

    By decreasing cerebral blood flow, alkalosis may lead to tetany, seizures, and decreased mental status.[drsircus.com] We report a patient with PMP who underwent intraperitoneal irrigation with sodium bicarbonate and exhibited marked alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A case is presented in which there was an immediate response to sodium bicarbonate in three episodes of ventricular tachycardia despite the presence of alkalosis on two of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Nephrocalcinosis

    It is well known that tetany is not uncommon in the neonatal form of Bartter's syndrome and nephrocalcinosis is usually not present in the classic form.[content.iospress.com] Bartter syndrome (BS) is a rare renal tubular disorder presenting with hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, which is classified into five types.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Laboratory investigations showed hypokalaemia (2.7 mmol/L) and metabolic alkalosis (HCO3(-) 32.6 mmol/L, pH 7.46).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Adrenal Cortical Adenoma

    As a result of hypernatremia, hypokalemic alkalosis, and other related mechanisms, patients may develop fatigue, weakness, headaches, tetany, and paresthesias.[symptoma.com] The patient presented with hypertension, hypokalaemia and metabolic alkalosis, associated with inappropriate kaliuresis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient presented with hypertension, hypokalaemia and metabolic alkalosis associated with inappropriate kaliuresis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis

    Hypocalcemic tetany as a presentation of Gitelman's syndrome has rarely been reported in literature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Differential diagnosis for muscle weakness and tetany is large.[sjkdt.org] Laboratory examinations revealed hypokalemic alkalosis, normomagnesemia, hypercalciuria, and hyperaldosteronism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Laxative

    A 3-month-old infant presented to the pediatric emergency department with respiratory distress and tetany after ingestion of a phosphate-containing oral laxative.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Laboratory tests revealed severe hyponatremia with hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis. Moreover, rhabdomyolysis markers were found.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] fatal acid-base and electrolyte imbalances . [23] For example, severe hypokalaemia has been associated with distal renal tubular acidosis from laxative abuse. [23] Metabolic alkalosis[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Nalidixic Acid

    After administration of 600 mEq of sodium bicarbonate the patient developed a respiratory alkalosis with secondary tetany.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After administration of 600 mEq of sodium bicarbonate the patient developed a respiratory alkalosis with secondary tetany.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Calcium Carbonate

    Intravenous Ca gluconate (360 mg of elemental Ca/d, in divided doses) was needed to correct tetany.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A urinary stone was extracted from a 34-year-old male patient with metabolic alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The 3 patients had acute renal insufficiency, relative metabolic alkalosis, and low parathyroid hormone (PTH), PTH-related peptide, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D concentrations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperphosphatemia

    Administration of Fleets Phospho-Soda for bowel preparation in an adult resulted in hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcemic tetany.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Respiratory alkalosis (of any cause) can induce transcellular shifts of phosphate and cause hypophosphatemia.[clinicalgate.com] Abstract A 3-month-old infant presented to the pediatric emergency department with respiratory distress and tetany after ingestion of a phosphate-containing oral laxative.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

  • Psychomotor Retardation

    Patients can also present with muscle cramps, tetany, fatigue and convulsions due to severe metabolic alkalosis or hypomagnesemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Investigations revealed hypokalemia at 2.7 mmol/L, metabolic alkalosis, hypocalciuria and normal serum magnesium level.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients can also present with muscle cramps, tetany, fatigue and convulsions due to severe metabolic alkalosis or hypomagnesemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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