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429 Possible Causes for Alopecia, Midline Defects

  • Panhypopituitarism

    CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate that homozygous HESX1 mutation causing an R160H substitution can result in panhypopituitarism without midline defects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] juvenile panhypopituitarism most frequent in German shepherd dogs but also in other breeds; puppy dwarfism not apparent until 2-3 months old; small stature, delayed dentition, alopecia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] We report on a neonate with unexplained heart failure and minor physical anomalies, suggesting a midline defect. She was diagnosed with complete CPHD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypothyroidism

    defects of the brain, should alert the physician to suspect the diagnosis of septo-optic dysplasia.[doi.org] Bilaterally symmetric alopecia, with the exception of pinnal involvement, does not appear to develop, but focal areas of alopecia over the craniolateral carpi, caudal hocks[web.archive.org] Bilaterally symmetric alopecia, except for pinnal involvement, does not appear to develop, but focal areas of alopecia over the craniolateral carpi, caudal hocks, and dorsal[merckmanuals.com]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    HOLOPROSENCEPHALY An inborn cranial defect, which is characterized by fusion of midline structures in the brain and face.[doi.org] Alopecia areata occurred 9 years later. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract A 27-year-old male, who had developed diabetes mellitus type 1 (DMT1) since the age of eighteen and alopecia areata universalis nine months later, attended the outpatient[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Growth Hormone Deficiency

    Neonates who have congenital defects of the pituitary or hypothalamus may have hypoglycemia (which also can occur in older children), midline defects (eg, cleft palate), or[msdmanuals.com] Congenital GHD results from genetic error, and may be associated with brain structure defects or with midline facial defects such as a cleft palate or single central incisor[rarediseases.org] In such cases, there also may be anomalies of other organ systems, particularly midline defects, such as cleft palate or septo-optic dysplasia (which involves absence of the[msdmanuals.com]

  • Autoimmune Disease

    […] with permanent visual loss Dysmetria: multiple small and inaccurate eye movements Episcleritis: inflammation of the episclera, a membrane covering the sclera Hemianopia: defect[aafp.org] Two women with autoimmune diseases had diffuse alopecia develop.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] autoimmune condition actually end up having several ; for example, people who have the skin condition psoriasis are more likely to also have rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, alopecia[prevention.com]

  • Anterior Pituitary Hypofunction

    It is characterized by congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia, possibly with additional midline defects.[icd10data.com] A genetically heterogeneous disorder caused by hypothalamic gnrh deficiency and olfactory nerve defects.[icd10data.com]

  • Congenital Alopecia

    […] and scalp ACC consisting of midline irregularly shaped defects.[healio.com] We present the first case of cutaneous mastocytosis associated with congenital alopecia areata in a 3-year-old Korean girl.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We have thus mapped the gene for this hereditary form of isolated congenital alopecia to a locus on chromosome 8p21-22 (ALUNC [alopecia universalis congenitalis]).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Aplasia Cutis Congenita

    In patient B (a girl) two 1.5 x 1.5 cm midline scalp defects were noted at birth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Halo scalp ring: a cause of scarring alopecia. Arch Dermatol. 1987 Aug;123(8):992-3. Paltzik RL, Aiello AM.[keratin.com] Most lesions happen on the scalp vertex just lateral to the midline, but defects may too happen on the cheek, the body, or the limbs, sometimes symmetrically.[streetdirectory.com]

  • Cerebellotrigeminal Dermal Dysplasia

    Our patients had rhombencephalosynapsis and alopecia, but none had trigeminal dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] defects such as fusion of fornices have been reported 22 Associated Abnormalities  Dysgenesis of corpus callosum (yellow arrow)  Can be associated with septal aplasia 23[slideplayer.com] Failure of dorsal induction/differentiation of the normal midline structures with disturbed cerebellar development is thought to occur following an insult between the 28th[neuroradiologyonthenet.blogspot.com]

  • Loose Anagen Syndrome

    Houang, Midline defects in deletion 18p syndrome: clinical and molecular characterization of three patients, Clin Dysmorphol, 16 (2007) C.H. Brenk, E.C. Prott, D.[healthdocbox.com] Differential diagnosis of alopecia in children. In: Happle R, Grosshans E (Eds). Pediatric dermatology. Springer, Berlin, 1984, ppS157-66.[keratin.com] Some presentations of alopecia areata may be confused with this condition, but the pull test analysis serves to differentiate them.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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