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19 Possible Causes for Altered Bowel Function, Hyperactive Bowel Sounds

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    The bowel sounds may vary depending on whether the patient has constipation (bowel sounds may be hypoactive) or diarrhea (bowel sounds may be hyperactive).[] bowel function suggestive of IBS.[] bowel function 41.[]

  • Colitis

    Ulcerative colitis is a long-term condition where the colon and rectum become inflamed. The colon is the large intestine (bowel), and the rectum is the end of the bowel where stools are stored. Small ulcers can develop on the colon's lining, and can bleed and produce pus. Symptoms of ulcerative colitis The main[…][]

  • Obstipation

    Surgical correction is reserved for patients with large rectoceles that alter bowel function. 44 Treating Constipation During Pregnancy Constipation is a common problem in[] […] constipation still remains unclear and there has been no single cause found for functional bowel disorders, recent studies have found a role in the alterations of serotonin[] […] in history or physical examination suggest new onset neurological impairment) Reflexes present and of normal amplitude Abnormal reflexes Though the pathophysiology behind functional[]

  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    At first, enteric stimuli resulting from the obstruction cause an increase in propulsive activity, causing hyperactive bowel sounds.[] Hyperactive, high-pitched bowels sounds at the beginning and then hypoactive bowel sounds as obstruction progresses and bowel muscles fatigue. Tachycardia. Fever.[] The end results can be bowel ischemia, necrosis, and/or perforation.[]

  • Partial Small Bowel Obstruction

    Patients showed symptoms between 1 and 20 days postoperatively and had findings ranging from hypoactive (45%), to normal (30%), to hyperactive (25%) bowel sounds.[] Signs Vital Sign s: Dehydration vs SIRS Criteria ( Sepsis ) Sinus Tachycardia Hypotension Bowel sounds Initial: High pitched, hyperactive bowel sounds Later: Hypoactive or[] sounds are hyperactive and high-pitched § Absence of bowel sounds may indicate bowel ischemia or peritonitis o Conventional radiography is the study of first choice § Loops[]

  • Malignant Carcinoid Syndrome

    Abstract The effect of intravenous somatostatin infusion was investigated in a patient with severe secretory diarrhea due to malignant carcinoid syndrome. Continuous somatostatin infusion for 48 hr (4 microgram/kg/hr) reduced stool volume from 2.2 to 0.7 liters/day. Intestinal perfusion studies before intravenous[…][]

  • Intestinal Tuberculosis

    BACKGROUND AND AIM: Crohn's disease (CD) and intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) have close phenotypic resemblance. Mesenteric fat (a component of visceral fat [VF]) hypertrophy and fat wrapping, which is visible radiologically as fibrofatty proliferation, is seen more commonly in CD than in ITB. AIM: The present study was[…][]

  • Zollinger Ellison Syndrome

    Abstract A case of malignant gastrinoma of the jejunum and jejunal mesentery, with findings of metastasis in the liver was studied. Tumor resection and remnant gastrectomy, as well as liver biopsy, were performed. Of all the tumors removed, the metastatic tumor had the lowest gastrin content, which was 1.5 times[…][]

  • Food Allergy

    Frank Austen, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, and approved October 29, 2009 (received for review June 8, 2009) Abstract Altered intestinal barrier function is postulated[] While altered intestinal barrier function (increased intestinal epithelial permeability) can be a consequence of disease exacerbation, clinical evidence suggests it may also[] […] to be a central predisposing factor to intestinal diseases, including inflammatory bowel diseases and food allergies.[]

  • Crohn's Disease

    Bowel sounds may be hyperactive or even hypoactive as a result of this obstruction. The most common physical exam finding may be mild tenderness to palpation.[] Considered a functional bowel disorder, IBS is characterized by abdominal discomfort and pain, associated with altered bowel function.[] Alterations in pulmonary function in inflammatory bowel disease are frequent and persist during remission.[]

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