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3,394 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Brain Abscess, wanjiku

  • Stroke

    Aliya Naheed, Kovin S Naidoo, Vinay Nangia, Jamal T Nasher, Gopalakrishnan Natarajan, Dumessa Edessa Negasa, Ionut Negoi, Ruxandra Irina Negoi, Charles R Newton, Josephine Wanjiku[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The common chameleons were initially diagnosed as altered mental status (AMS) (29, 31%), syncope (15, 16%), hypertensive emergency (12, 13%), systemic infection (10, 11%),[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    Subdural empyema, brain abscess, and meningitis have been reported to occur in less than 1% of patients after operative drainage of a chronic SDH.[emedicine.medscape.com] mental status should be thoroughly assessed for the development of Chronic Subdural Hematoma.[dovemed.com] (transient ischemic attacks), encephalitis and brain lesions such as tumors or abscesses.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu]

    Missing: wanjiku
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    During operation, we encounter the brain abscess and were surprised to find a middle cerebral artery aneurysm while dissecting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This case report describes a 48-year old female who presented with altered mental status, lower extremity weakness, low back pain and a recent history of subjective fevers[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: wanjiku
  • Infective Endocarditis

    Also, S. constellatus is an extremely rare causative agent of brain abscess.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 38 yo female presents with altered mental status. The patient was found down at home, and no further history is known. EMS intubated on scene.[ultrasoundoftheweek.com] Three weeks later, the patient was brought to the emergency department with altered mentals status.[zdoc.site]

    Missing: wanjiku
  • Bacterial Pneumonia

    Other serious complications include respiratory failure or the development of an abscess in the lung.[nmihi.com] mental status due to intoxication or stroke.[symptoma.com] Associated factors are as follows: Alcoholism Altered mental status Anatomic abnormalities, congenital or acquired Drug use Dysphagia Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: wanjiku
  • Epidural Hematoma

    The recommendation is to obtain a follow-up head CT scan within 6 to 8 hours following brain injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The group failing observation was more likely to present with altered mental status (RR 18.8; 95% CI 8.7-49.6), has larger median bleed thickness (observed 5.6mm versus failed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Signs of increased ICP include altered mental status, seizures, pupillary changes, and vomiting.[clinicaladvisor.com]

    Missing: wanjiku
  • Brain Neoplasm

    Basal ganglia dysfunction Brain abscess Brain surgery Brain surgery - discharge Central pontine myelinolysis Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) collection EEG Hepatic encephalopathy[icdlist.com] mental status Ataxia Nausea Vomiting Weakness Gait disturbance Central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms also may manifest as follows: Focal seizures Fixed visual changes Speech[emedicine.medscape.com] abscess, syphilis Travel to countries with endemic infectious disease Amebiasis, cysticercosis, hydatidosis STAGING Brain cancers do not conform to a standard staging system[aafp.org]

    Missing: wanjiku
  • Brain Abscess

    A brain abscess or cerebral abscess is formed as a result of an inflammation and infection of the brain parenchyma secondary to remote or contiguous infections.[symptoma.com] CASE REPORT A 67-year old gentleman with history of scalp angiosarcoma with wide excision two years prior presented to the hospital for left arm clumsiness, altered mental[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] mental status), and blood cultures.[emdocs.net]

    Missing: wanjiku
  • Bacterial Endocarditis

    The central nervous system can be affected in the form of meningitis, cerebritis, encephalopathy, seizures, brain abscess, ischemic embolic stroke, mycotic aneurysm, and subarachnoid[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 38 yo female presents with altered mental status. The patient was found down at home, and no further history is known. EMS intubated on scene.[ultrasoundoftheweek.com] More serious problems that may develop include: Brain abscess Further damage to the heart valves, causing heart failure Spread of the infection to other parts of the body[mountsinai.org]

    Missing: wanjiku
  • Bacterial Meningitis

    We report a case of an amebic brain abscess in a 2-year-old girl, with symptoms mimicking bacterial meningitis with no evidence of disease elsewhere.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Older patients are less likely to have headache and neck stiffness, and more likely to have altered mental status and focal neurologic deficits 11 , 13 ( Table 3 11 – 13 )[aafp.org] Brain abscess. Patients suffering with brain abscess may complain of headaches; however, headache is often localized to the side where the brain abscess is located.[oncologynurseadvisor.com]

    Missing: wanjiku