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11 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Cerebral Vasculitis or Vasculopathy, Subacute Clinical Course

  • Stroke

    ), noninflammatory vasculopathy, Moyamoya disease and fibromuscular dysplasia.[en.wikipedia.org] The common chameleons were initially diagnosed as altered mental status (AMS) (29, 31%), syncope (15, 16%), hypertensive emergency (12, 13%), systemic infection (10, 11%),[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    Sickle cell disease Eclampsia or postpartum vasculopathy Infection Vasculitis Neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage Trauma In younger patients, vascular malformations, specifically[en.wikipedia.org] mental status should be treated I Continuous EEG monitoring in patients with altered mental status that is out of proportion to extent of brain injury IIa 16 Concurrent cardiac[intechopen.com] Initial symptoms may include a change in mental status, meaning an alteration in the wakefulness of the patient.[medicinenet.com]

  • Lupus Encephalitis

    The terms cerebritis and vasculitis are well embedded in the literature and will be used in this article, keeping in mind the evolving understanding of the underlying processes[emedicine.medscape.com] mental status.[cureus.com] Inflammatory and noninflammatory SLE vasculopathies may be clinically indistinguishable.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Sarcoidosis

    Although sarcoid is well recognized to affect the central nervous system, it is unusual in the form of cerebral vasculitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a case that presented with 1-day history of vomiting, diffuse abdominal pain, and altered mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The disease is extremely heterogeneous with an unpredictable clinical course.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Susac Syndrome

    Cerebral angiography suggested vasculitis in the younger patient.[n.neurology.org] The clinical course of SS is usually self-limited, fluctuating, and monophasic.[pubs.rsna.org] Clinical symptoms The typical clinical triad consists of subacute encephalopathy, visual loss due to BRAO, and sensorineural hearing impairment.[njmonline.nl]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Delayed cerebral thrombosis may occur in patients with excellent recovery from pneumococcal meningitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] None of the patients presented with a chief complaint of irritability, poor feeding, or altered mental status, and no patient had high fever, difficulty consoling, or cirulatory[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] For hospitalized patients with documented penicillin-sensitive (MIC In patients with atypical presentations (eg, diffuse infiltrates, subacute clinical course) or a nondiagnostic[hivinsite.ucsf.edu]

  • AIDS-associated Meningoencephalitis

    Cerebral vasculitis, particularly that due to VZV or syphilitic arteritis, as well as vasculopathies due to chronic meningitis, or amphetamine or cocaine use, may cause thrombotic[hivinsite.ucsf.edu] Altered mental status is rare and if present should increase suspicion for acute purulent meningitis or encephalitis.[infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com] J Assoc Physicians India May 24, 2000 ... clinical course and outcome of cryptococcal meningitis (CM) in patients with acquired ...[aidshivresearch.com]

  • Endocarditis

    ), noninflammatory vasculopathy, Moyamoya disease and fibromuscular dysplasia.[en.wikipedia.org] Our report describes a 69-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease who presented with altered mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The classic clinical presentation and clinical course of IE has been characterized as either acute or subacute.[emedicine.com]

  • Cerebral Angiitis

    However, there is little histological support for lupus cerebritis, and cerebral vasculitis in SLE is uncommon. Vasculopathy on the other hand is seen often in SLE.[rheumatologyadvisor.com] mental status, confusion, altered cognitive functions, dementia).[em-consulte.com] vasculopathy) producing symptoms by vasoconstriction rather than vasculitis. 21 Differentiation is crucial because immunosuppressive therapy beyond a short course of prednisone[the-rheumatologist.org]

  • Cranial Neuropathy

    VZV is more frequently causative of cerebral vasculitis and mixed large and small artery involvement is usual. 6 Multifocal vasculopathy mostly occurs in immunocompromised[acnr.co.uk] Tentorial herniation is not a plausible explanation for an isolated, fixed, and dilated pupil in the absence of an altered mental status or other neurologic abnormalities.[aao.org] Our patient likely has an aseptic meningitis given the subacute clinical course.[brainwaves.me]