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22 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Frontal Intermittent Rhythmic Delta Activity

  • Stroke

    The common chameleons were initially diagnosed as altered mental status (AMS) (29, 31%), syncope (15, 16%), hypertensive emergency (12, 13%), systemic infection (10, 11%),[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In most cases, it occurs in a rhythmic and intermittent manner, and the most commonly and important types are frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA) ( Fig 2[scielo.br] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The woman's altered mental status fully abated, and she was discharged with minimal neurologic deficits. The newborn was born healthy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] mental status, seizures or coma.[emsworld.com]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    […] for SAH; CT negative for SAH and inconclusive cerebrospinal fluid examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This case report describes a 48-year old female who presented with altered mental status, lower extremity weakness, low back pain and a recent history of subjective fevers[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    For example, blood and cerebrospinal fluid may also be tested to check for substances secreted by tumors (called tumor markers) and for gene abnormalities that are characteristic[merckmanuals.com] mental status Ataxia Nausea Vomiting Weakness Gait disturbance Central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms also may manifest as follows: Focal seizures Fixed visual changes Speech[emedicine.medscape.com] 3 months; new parictal lesion. deficits and with mass effect abnormalities; Dx: MS BAEP Brain stem auditory evoked potential, CC corpus callosum, CSF cerebrospinal fluid,[thefreelibrary.com]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    mental status should be thoroughly assessed for the development of Chronic Subdural Hematoma.[dovemed.com] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com] mental status (such as drowsiness and confusion), headache, paralysis, and other symptoms It is most commonly seen in elderly adults, generally in men.[dovemed.com]

  • Susac Syndrome

    Cerebrospinal fluid was abnormal in 5 patients showing pleocytosis (mean, 24.6; range, 6-85 cells/mL) and elevated protein level (mean, 210; range, 113-365 mg/dL).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The EEG showed frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] To report 2 patients with Susac syndrome presenting with acute confusion and abnormal neuroimaging and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings, both of whom were initially misdiagnosed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    The cerebrospinal fluid can also be analyzed for abnormal proteins, chemicals, and cells.[emedicinehealth.com] List of causes for alteration in mental status Acute encephalopathy (Acute confusional state; Altered mental status) Delirium is characterized by: Fluctuations of alertness[quizlet.com] […] patterns, e.g., frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA), or spikes and sharp waves as well as spike-wave discharges in temporal regions. [37] In hyponatremia[neurologyindia.com]

  • Encephalopathy

    fluid.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] mental status, tonic-clonic seizures, and hypertension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination showed only increased content. Imaging with CT and MRI of the brain did not reveal any abnormalities, and funduscopy was normal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Toxic Encephalopathy

    The cerebrospinal fluid can also be analyzed for abnormal proteins, chemicals, and cells.[emedicinehealth.com] From Wikidata Jump to navigation Jump to search nervous system disease that results from exposure to neurotoxicants and is characterized by an altered mental status, memory[wikidata.org] […] patterns, e.g., frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA), or spikes and sharp waves as well as spike-wave discharges in temporal regions. [37] In hyponatremia[neurologyindia.com]

  • Neurosyphilis

    A diagnosis of neurosyphilis should be considered in patients with serologic evidence of syphilis and one or more of the following cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities; mononuclear[omicsonline.org] A fall from a great height is often associated with altered mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in patients with syphilis: association with clinical and laboratory features.[link.springer.com]