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25 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Cognitive Defect, Prominent Sulci

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    There was complete resolution of cerebral edema in all patients and mild interval prominence of the cerebral sulci, which can indicate cerebral volume loss, in three out of[bloodjournal.org] His altered mental status, however, resolved with control of blood pressure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical manifestations include headache; nausea; vomiting; seizures; altered mental status (in some cases progressing to coma); papilledema; and retinal hemorrhage ICD-9-[icd9data.com]

  • Hypoxia

    Grossly, the lesion was marked by preserved gyral crests and involved sulci, resulting in prominent, mushroom-shaped gyri.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Alcoholic Amnestic Disorder

    CT scan in cerebrocortical atrophy, showing ventricular dilation ( A ) and prominent cortical sulci ( B ).[neupsykey.com] Other cognitive functions are usually relatively well preserved and amnesic defects are out of proportion to other disturbances.[apps.who.int] Memory disturbance ( amnestic disorder or amnesia ), another example of a circumscribed cognitive defect, is discussed in this chapter.[neupsykey.com]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    B, Corresponding FLAIR image shows marked prominence of ventricles and sulci for the patient’s age.[ajnr.org] .— Acute cerebellitis is a clinically defined condition most commonly characterized by acute cerebellar ataxia, associated with nausea, headache, and altered mental status[doi.org] For sCJDMV1 patients, ataxia rather than cognitive decline as well as sensory defect may be more common at onset.[doi.org]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    They can range from hyperintensities in the parietal and occipital region, brain stem lesions, and marked atrophy, causing prominence of sulci.[cureus.com] mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The initial symptoms of SSPE usually involve regression in cognitive functioning and behavior or recurrent myoclonic jerks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis

    CT head showed prominent sulci suggestive of cerebral atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe two children, aged four and 14 years, who both presented with seizures and altered mental status after recent fresh water swimming exposures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS AND RESULTS We describe two children, aged four and 14 years, who both presented with seizures and altered mental status after recent fresh water swimming exposures[unboundmedicine.com]

  • Candida Meningitis

    […] in modelling of lateral ventricles, slight deviation of middle line to the right side and reduction of sulci dimensions ( A: T2 flair).[bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com] Prognosis Cryptococcal meningitis The most important markers of poor prognosis in HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis are altered mental status at presentation and high[online.epocrates.com] mental status. 32 Most patients with aspergillus meningitis present with altered mental status, seizures, or focal neurologic deficits.[ahcmedia.com]

  • West Nile Encephalitis

    Arrows indicate subtle enhancement in the sulci. B and C, FLAIR images show increased signal intensity in the sulci, more prominent on the left than on the right.[ajnr.org] We report the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with fever, altered mental status, and maculopapular rash, who was diagnosed with locally acquired WNV encephalitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients usually have a fever, headache, and altered mental status.[symptoma.com]

  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    Pre-contrast axial CT Sulci and gyri are very prominent due to cortical atrophy, unlike in obstructive hydrocephalus where there is effacement of sulci and gyri.[stritch.luc.edu] All had mean arterial pressures above 130 mmHg and presented primarily with altered mental status. While half required ventriculostomy, only one required shunting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition to the acute symptomatology, hydrocephalus might also cause chronic symptoms, such as behavioral and cognitive changes, delayed puberty, and defects of higher[symptoma.com]

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    The lesions were more prominent in the cerebellar sulci compared with in the cerebral sulci.[ajnr.org] Patients may present with an altered mental status. Additionally, focal or generalized seizures, as well as meningism, may be reported.[symptoma.com] Confusion, memory disturbances and variable cognitive defects may also be evident.[jgo.amegroups.com]

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