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10,173 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Confusion, Onset of Encephalopathy between Ages 2 and 3 Years

  • Susac Syndrome

    Susac syndrome is more common in women, with ratio of 3:1, the age of onset fluctuates between 9 and 58 years [2].[medwave.cl] At 1-month follow-up, patient's confusion had resolved. The second patient was a 32-year-old man who had acute onset of confusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He received IVIG and demonstrated resolution of confusion at one-month follow-up.[medicalxpress.com]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Alcohol, Vitamin B1 – Thiamine Deficiency and Brain Damage Acute alcohol intoxication will typically produce unsteadiness, slurring of speech and mild confusion.[stewartnutrition.co.uk] Debra Posted Tue 28th of October, 2014 16:35:08 PM When patient's present to the Emergency Room intoxicated with altered mental status or ALOC, they may receive services to[supercoder.com] Serum ethanol levels may be ordered in suspected alcohol ingestion as well altered mental status of unknown etiology, coma, psychiatric emergencies, traumatic emergencies,[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Onset of Encephalopathy between Ages 2 and 3 Years
  • Hypoglycemia

    What you will feel is probably: shaky, a bit confused, a little uncoordinated, sweaty, some peoples eyes go funny.[web.archive.org] A hyperglycemic patient with an altered mental status may receive a bolus of glucose.[emedicine.com] The definition of clinically significant hypoglycemia remains one of the most confused and contentious issues in contemporary neonatology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Onset of Encephalopathy between Ages 2 and 3 Years
  • Hyponatremia

    Moderate - personality change, muscle cramps and weakness, confusion, ataxia. Severe - drowsiness.[patient.info] Her serum [Na] and altered mental status corrected slowly over the next 48 hours with furosemide, hypertonic saline, and fluid restriction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] SUMMARY: An 82-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with altered mental status thought to be due to complicated cystitis and was treated with TMP-SMX 160 mg[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Onset of Encephalopathy between Ages 2 and 3 Years
  • Head Injury

    More than half (56%) screened positive for mTBI, defined as at least one instance in which they experienced a change in consciousness or a period of being dazed and confused[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Within 48 hours of admission, the patient was presumed septic after developing altered mental status, fevers, hypotension, and tachycardia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The effects of concussion can leave people with symptoms including dizziness, nausea, confusion or an inability to process or retain information, sensitivity to light, and[headway.org.uk]

    Missing: Onset of Encephalopathy between Ages 2 and 3 Years
  • Brain Concussion

    For example, in the first few minutes after the injury, someone might be just slightly confused or appear a little bit dazed.[utswmed.org] Neuroimaging is done if there is loss of consciousness, GCS 15, focal neurologic deficits, persistently altered mental status, or clinical deterioration.[merckmanuals.com] Altered mental status encompasses a broad range of signs and symptoms caused by impaired brain function.[livestrong.com]

    Missing: Onset of Encephalopathy between Ages 2 and 3 Years
  • Acidosis

    Respiratory acidosis:Presenting signs can include lethargy or fatigue, shortness of breath, confusion and sleepiness.[symptoma.com] In more severe cases it can present with altered mental status, coma, hypotension, hypothermia and respiratory insufficiency.[calpoison.org] If you develop severe metabolic acidosis, you will likely experience drowsiness and extreme weakness, as well as increased nausea and confusion, Merck Manuals note.[livestrong.com]

    Missing: Onset of Encephalopathy between Ages 2 and 3 Years
  • Sepsis

    In some people, the first signs of sepsis are confusion and rapid breathing.[verywellhealth.com] We report the case of a woman who presented with altered mental status after receiving normal saline through an intravenous catheter placed by a medically untrained individual[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The major diagnostic criteria for sepsis are altered mental status, increased respiratory rate, and low blood pressure.[medicinenet.com]

    Missing: Onset of Encephalopathy between Ages 2 and 3 Years
  • Acute Renal Failure

    More than 30 different definitions have been used in the literature, creating much confusion and making comparisons difficult.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There may be other causes for altered mental status that might be present. Remember to check blood glucose levels and treat as necessary.[ems1.com] More severe cases may present with lethargy, fatigue, confusion, anorexia, nausea, and weight gain.[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Onset of Encephalopathy between Ages 2 and 3 Years
  • Stroke

    The symptoms of a stroke include sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech; sudden trouble[ninds.nih.gov] The common chameleons were initially diagnosed as altered mental status (AMS) (29, 31%), syncope (15, 16%), hypertensive emergency (12, 13%), systemic infection (10, 11%),[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is frequently confused with peripheral nerve system (PNS) pathologies; misdiagnosis may delay identification of the etiology and treatment of stroke.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Onset of Encephalopathy between Ages 2 and 3 Years

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