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255 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Constipation, Polyuria

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Further early indicators are polyuria, newly emerging or worsening hypertension or peripheral edemas. Depending on the etiology, there can also be flank pains or fever.[lecturio.com] […] supplements to manage anemia calcium and vitamin D supplements erythropoietin injections to stimulate the production of red blood cells phosphate binders stool softeners for constipation[healthline.com]

  • Hypercalcemia

    She had nausea, vomiting, leg pain, polyuria, polydipsia, and muscle weakness. At the time of relapse, the ionized calcium level was 1.99 mmol/L.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms of hypercalcemia include lethargy, mental imbalance, weakness, dehydration, constipation, nausea, diarrhea, and even heart arrhythmia. [ 1 ] When chronic constipation[globalhealingcenter.com] Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is an encephalopathy that can be clinically characterized by headache, altered mental status and/or seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Milk-Alkali Syndrome

    Patients with a prolonged course of disease may experience muscle aches, tremor, polyuria, polydipsia, and pruritus.[symptoma.com] When symptoms do occur, they can include: Back, middle of the body, and low back pain in the kidney area (related to kidney stones) Confusion, strange behavior Constipation[nlm.nih.gov] Today we discussed a case of altered mental status in a patient who was found to have hypercalcemia secondary to milk alkali syndrome .[imrespdx.com]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    ), extreme acidosis (pH Signs and Symptoms – many gastric symptoms, probably protective against further ingestion of glucose osmotic diuresis (from hyperglycemia) causes polyuria[d3jonline.tripod.com] Possibilities include headache, lethargy, irritability , leg cramps , constipation and heart palpitations .[dietdoctor.com] Both disorders are associated with absolute or relative insulin deficiency, volume depletion, and altered mental status.[accessmedicine.mhmedical.com]

  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

    The polyuria did not respond to desmopressin, and subsequent correction of his polyuria and hypernatraemia after normalization of plasma potassium confirmed the diagnosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A one-year-boy presented with constipation, fever, failure to thrive and developmental delay from the neonatal period.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This presents as altered mental status and the condition can be life-threatening Shock: Very severe form of dehydration may progress to the development of a state of shock[dovemed.com]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    This is because both disorders cause polyuria , or excessive urine output.[courses.washington.edu] Symptoms of CD include malabsorption and malnutrition, vitamin deficiencies, iron deficiency anemia, failure to thrive, short stature, diarrhea, anorexia, constipation, vomiting[dx.doi.org] Treatment for patients with altered mental status Regardless of the underlying cause, safety is paramount. Restrain the combative patient prior to initial treatment.[ems1.com]

  • Dehydration

    The hallmarks of dehydration include thirst and neurological changes such as headaches, general discomfort, loss of appetite, decreased urine volume (unless polyuria is the[en.wikipedia.org] Some examples are: Bumetanide Chlorothiazide ( Diuril ) Eplerenone ( Inspra ) Furosemide (Lasix) Torsemide ( Demadex ) Triamterene ( Dyrenium ) Laxatives If you're constipated[webmd.com] She presented with a 2-day history of altered mental status, ataxia, lethargy, fever, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Meningitis was ruled out.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypercalcemia of Malignancy

    Those with moderate hypercalcemia (12 to 14 mg/d) can develop polydipsia, polyuria, clinical dehydration, muscle weakness, and changes in mental status.[advancedpractitioner.com] Constipation and anorexia are common. Acute kidney injury is likely the most frequently encountered manifestation of end organ damage.[dovepress.com] Complete Peer review History: Abstracts Hypercalcemia in malignancy can present with metabolic derangement, generalized weakness, altered mental status, renal compromise,[sciencedomain.org]

  • Diabetes Insipidus

    Several months after delivery, discontinuation of desmopressin resulted in recurrence of her polyuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Consume plenty of high-fiber foods and fruit juices to prevent or treat constipation.[healthcommunities.com] A 63-year-old African-American woman was admitted to the hospital with urosepsis and altered mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypokalemia

    Last time we reviewed the proposed mechanisms by which hypercalcaemia can induce polyuria.[renalfellow.org] Clinical features include transient periods of muscle weakness and tetany, dizziness, abdominal pains and constipation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] mental status Signs of Ileus Hypotension Cardia arrest Bradycardia or Tachycardia Premature atrial or ventricular beats Hypoventilation/Respiratory distress Respiratory failure[physio-pedia.com]

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