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2,323 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Decerebrate Posturing, Prominent Sulci

  • Brain Stem Herniation

    The fluid space between the cortex and the calvarium appears to be increased and the sulci/gyri may appear prominent. View prominent sulci/gyri.[hawaii.edu] Midbrain and upper pons Both pupils fixed and unreactive Hyperventilation or Cheyne-Stokes Absent (eyes fixed) Decerebrate posturing, or nothing Lower pons and medilla Both[derangedphysiology.com] Decerebrate posturing in response to noxious stimuli and hyperventilation may be seen.[kobiljak.msu.edu]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    They can range from hyperintensities in the parietal and occipital region, brain stem lesions, and marked atrophy, causing prominence of sulci.[cureus.com] There was evidence of decerebrate posturing.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • West Nile Encephalitis

    Arrows indicate subtle enhancement in the sulci. B and C, FLAIR images show increased signal intensity in the sulci, more prominent on the left than on the right.[ajnr.org] We report the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with fever, altered mental status, and maculopapular rash, who was diagnosed with locally acquired WNV encephalitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients usually have a fever, headache, and altered mental status.[symptoma.com]

  • Stroke

    The common chameleons were initially diagnosed as altered mental status (AMS) (29, 31%), syncope (15, 16%), hypertensive emergency (12, 13%), systemic infection (10, 11%),[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    posturing (Yamamoto, 1996).[psychology.wikia.com] The woman's altered mental status fully abated, and she was discharged with minimal neurologic deficits. The newborn was born healthy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] mental status, seizures or coma.[emsworld.com]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Subdural Hematoma

    mental status should be thoroughly assessed for the development of Chronic Subdural Hematoma.[dovemed.com] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com] mental status (such as drowsiness and confusion), headache, paralysis, and other symptoms It is most commonly seen in elderly adults, generally in men.[dovemed.com]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Cerebral Edema

    Diagnostic criteria - abnormal motor or verbal response to pain, decorticate or decerebrate posture, cranial nerve palsy, abnormal neurogenic respiratory pattern (grunting[childrensmercy.org] MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Altered mental status was documented during 96 of 686 diabetic ketoacidosis admissions (14%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Muir et al published a Bedside Evaluation of Neuro State of Kids with DKA Diagnostic Criteria Abnormal motor or verbal response to pain Decorticate or Decerebrate posture[emdocs.net]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Brain Neoplasm

    mental status Ataxia Nausea Vomiting Weakness Gait disturbance Central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms also may manifest as follows: Focal seizures Fixed visual changes Speech[emedicine.medscape.com] Manifestations may be nonspecific and include the following: Headache Altered mental status Ataxia Nausea Vomiting Weakness Gait disturbance CNS neoplasms also may manifest[emedicine.medscape.com] […] compression of essential gray or white matter Shifting of intracranial contents Secondary cerebral ischemia Symptoms may be nonspecific and include any of the following: Headache Altered[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Reye Syndrome

    posture ).[nlm.nih.gov] Reye's syndrome is a rare but serious condition that results in microvesicular hepatic steatosis (fatty changes of the liver) and acute encephalopathy (altered mental status[ebmconsult.com] posturing during illness.[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Malaria

    Definition of decorticate, decerebrate and opisthotonic posturing Abnormal motor posturing, classified as decorticate, decerebrate or opisthotonic posturing is characterised[pubmedcentral.nih.gov] Group 1 includes all patients who present with prostration or altered mental status (ie, confusion, agitation, or coma).[emedicine.com] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci

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